kumma

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kumma. Related to Ingrian kumma, Karelian kumma, Livvi kummu and Votic kumma.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkumːɑ/, [ˈkumːɑ]
  • Rhymes: -umːɑ
  • Syllabification: kum‧ma

Adjective[edit]

kumma (comparative kummempi, superlative kummin)

  1. odd, strange
    Onpa kumma, että...
    How strange that ...
  2. in comparative, with negation, nasty, severe
    Onpa hyvä, että mitään kummempaa ei sattunut!
    How good that nothing more severe happened!
  3. on earth, in the world, the dickens (used as non-profane intensifier with an interrogative pronoun)
    Mitä kummaa täällä on tapahtunut?
    What on earth has taken place here?

Usage notes[edit]

The comparative and superlative are seldom used. They are usually substituted with corresponding forms of the synonymous adjective kummallinen.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kumma (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative kumma kummat
genitive kumman kummien
partitive kummaa kummia
illative kummaan kummiin
singular plural
nominative kumma kummat
accusative nom. kumma kummat
gen. kumman
genitive kumman kummien
kummainrare
partitive kummaa kummia
inessive kummassa kummissa
elative kummasta kummista
illative kummaan kummiin
adessive kummalla kummilla
ablative kummalta kummilta
allative kummalle kummille
essive kummana kummina
translative kummaksi kummiksi
instructive kummin
abessive kummatta kummitta
comitative kummine
Possessive forms of kumma (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person kummani kummamme
2nd person kummasi kummanne
3rd person kummansa
Only used with substantive adjectives, -inen adjectives used for comparisons of equality or agent participles.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • kumpi (similar inflected forms)

Noun[edit]

kumma

  1. strange or odd thing

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kumma (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative kumma kummat
genitive kumman kummien
partitive kummaa kummia
illative kummaan kummiin
singular plural
nominative kumma kummat
accusative nom. kumma kummat
gen. kumman
genitive kumman kummien
kummainrare
partitive kummaa kummia
inessive kummassa kummissa
elative kummasta kummista
illative kummaan kummiin
adessive kummalla kummilla
ablative kummalta kummilta
allative kummalle kummille
essive kummana kummina
translative kummaksi kummiksi
instructive kummin
abessive kummatta kummitta
comitative kummineen
Possessive forms of kumma (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person kummani kummamme
2nd person kummasi kummanne
3rd person kummansa

Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

kumma (genitive kummaa, partitive [please provide])

  1. miracle

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

References[edit]

  • "kumma" in Vadja keele sõnaraamat