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over- +‎ haul.



overhaul (plural overhauls)

  1. A major repair, renovation, or revision.
    Coordinate terms: facelift, makeover, rebuild, remake, reboot, revamp
    The engine required a complete overhaul to run properly.
    • 1961 March, C.P. Boocock, “The organisation of Eastleigh Locomotive Works”, in Trains Illustrated, page 159:
      One aim of the move [from Nine Elms] had been to speed up the overhaul of the company's locomotive stock and to reduce costs with more efficient workshop facilities, in what Dugald Drummond claimed to be "the most complete and up-to-date works owned by any railway company".
    • 2013 June 28, Joris Luyendijk, “Our banks are out of control”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 3, page 21:
      Seeing the British establishment struggle with the financial sector is like watching an alcoholic […].  Until 2008 there was denial over what finance had become. […]  But the scandals kept coming, […]. A broad section of the political class now recognises the need for change but remains unable to see the necessity of a fundamental overhaul. Instead it offers fixes and patches.
  2. (firefighting) The process after the fire appears extinguished in which the firefighters search the structure for signs of hot spots that may cause the structure to reignite. Often this includes the process of salvage under the blanket term, salvage and overhaul.



overhaul (third-person singular simple present overhauls, present participle overhauling, simple past and past participle overhauled)

  1. To modernize, repair, renovate, or revise completely.
    • 1961 March, C. P. Boocock, “The organisation of Eastleigh Locomotive Works”, in Trains Illustrated, page 159:
      While the engines are dealt with in the diesel shop, their parent locomotives are overhauled in the erecting shop.
    • 2011, Kat Martin, A Song for My Mother[200], Vanguard Press, →ISBN:
      In his senior year, he had run across an old '66 Chevy Super Sport headed for the junkyard, bought it for a song, and overhauled it with his dad's help, turning it into the big red muscle car it was back in its day.
    • 2014 March 9, Jacob Steinberg, “Wigan shock Manchester City in FA Cup again to reach semi-finals”, in The Guardian[1]:
      Although they believe they can overhaul their 2-0 deficit, they cannot afford to be as lethargic as this at Camp Nou, and the time is surely approaching when Manuel Pellegrini's faith in Martín Demichelis wavers.
  2. To pass, overtake, or travel past.
    • 1967, William F. Nolan, George Clayton Johnson, Logan's Run, May 1976 Bantam edition, →ISBN, page 109:
      In theory there was a runner ahead of him who would pause to sleep. Who would falter and fall. Who would despair at the size of the desert. Because Logan did none of these he would overhaul the runner and kill him.
    • 2021 May 5, Drachinifel, 37:11 from the start, in Battle of Samar - What if TF34 was there?[2], archived from the original on 8 August 2022:
      The slowing New Jersey has veered out of line, and is forced to check its fire briefly as Iowa overhauls it, but then resumes fire as damage-control crews work hard below. Admiral Lee's other two ships, coming up behind, take Yamato under fire with their forward guns as well.
  3. (nautical) To keep (running rigging) clear, and see that no hitch occurs.
  4. (transitive) To search (a ship) for contraband goods.