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See also: Radix



From Latin radix (a root).



radix (plural radixes or radices)

  1. (biology) A root.
  2. (linguistics) A primitive word, from which other words may be derived.
  3. (mathematics) The number of distinct symbols used to represent numbers in a particular base, as 10 for decimal.


Derived terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Further reading[edit]



From Proto-Italic *wrādīks, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds. Cognate with Ancient Greek ῥάδιξ (rhádix, branch, twig), Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌿𐍂𐍄𐍃 (waurts), Old Irish fren (root) and Old English wyrt (herb, plant) (English wort).



rādīx f (genitive rādīcis); third declension

  1. A root (of a plant).
  2. A radish.
  3. The lower part of an object; root.
  4. (figuratively) A foundation, basis, ground, origin, source, root.


Note that the genitive plural rādīcum has the alternative form rādicium. Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative rādīx rādīcēs
genitive rādīcis rādīcum
dative rādīcī rādīcibus
accusative rādīcem rādīcēs
ablative rādīce rādīcibus
vocative rādīx rādīcēs

Derived terms[edit]



  • radix in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • radix in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “radix”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • radix in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to take root: radices agere (De Off. 2. 12. 73)
    • at the foot of the mountain: sub radicibus montis, in infimo monte, sub monte
    • to occupy the foot of a hill: considere sub monte (sub montis radicibus)
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 512