radix

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See also: Radix

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin rādīx (a root). Doublet of radish.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

radix (plural radixes or radices)

  1. (biology) A root.
  2. (linguistics) A primitive word, from which other words may be derived.
  3. (mathematics) The number of distinct symbols used to represent numbers in a particular base, as ten for decimal.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

rādīcēs

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *wrādīks, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rādīx f (genitive rādīcis); third declension

  1. a root (of a plant)
  2. a radish
  3. the lower part of an object; root
  4. (figuratively) a foundation, basis, ground, origin, source, root

Declension[edit]

Note that the genitive plural rādīcum has the alternative form rādicium. Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rādīx rādīcēs
Genitive rādīcis rādīcum
Dative rādīcī rādīcibus
Accusative rādīcem rādīcēs
Ablative rādīce rādīcibus
Vocative rādīx rādīcēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • radix”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • radix”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • radix in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • radix in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to take root: radices agere (De Off. 2. 12. 73)
    • at the foot of the mountain: sub radicibus montis, in infimo monte, sub monte
    • to occupy the foot of a hill: considere sub monte (sub montis radicibus)