truls

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Truls and truļš

Latvian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as the verb trunēt (to decay, to rot) (q.v.): Proto-Indo-European *trew-, *tru- with a suffix lo (> la in Proto-Baltic).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Adjective[edit]

truls (def. trulais, comp. trulāks, sup. vistrulākais; adv. truli)

  1. (of cutting objects) blunt, dull
    truls nazis, cirvis‎ ― dull knife, ax
    truls īlens, zīmulis‎ ― blunt awl, pencil
    trula adata‎ ― blunt needle
    truls lemesis‎ ― dull colter, plowshare
    truls asmens‎ ― dull blade
    trulu nazi vieglāk uzasināt, ja tā asmeni pusstundu patur vāja sālsūdenī‎ ― it is easier to sharpen a dull knife if one keeps its blade in salt water for half an hour
  2. (of sounds) hollow
    uz mūzikas un trulu trokšņu fona mēs dzīvojam‎ ― we live on a background of music and hollow sounds
  3. (of pain, sensations, bad experiences, etc.) dull, blunt (relatively strong but not concentrated, usually for a relatively long time)
    Oļģerts aizvēra plakstus; viņš manīja trulu spiedienu acu ābolos‎ ― Oļģerts closed (his) eyelids; he noticed a blunt pressure on (his) eyeballs
    krūtīs, kreisajā pusē zem atslēgas kaula, pulsēja trula sāpe, it kā tur būtu iestrēdzis kāds svešķermenis‎ ― in the chest, on the left side below the clavicle, a dull pain was pulsating, as if some foreign object were stuck there
    Ģirts sen vairs nebija pamatskolas knēvelis un uz visu raudzījās citādām acīm; tomēr trula sāpe un pārestības sajūta nenorima‎ ― Ģirts had not been the school's brat for a long time and looked at everything with other eyes; but the dull pain and sense of grievance were not appeased
  4. (of thinking, feelings) dull, blunt, dumb (not well developed, spiritually depressed, weakened, incapable of being felt deeply, diversely; narrow-minded, indifferent, insensitive; something which expresses these characteristics)
    truli, neizglītoti cilvēki, kas nespēj izprast sava kolektīva un visas sabiedrības mērķus un uzdevumus‎ ― dull, uneducated people, who cannot understand the goals and duties of their group and society
    bezmiega naktis padarījušas mani trulu; man tikai viena vienīga vēlēšanās: kaut māmuļa ātrāk izveseļotos‎ ― the sleepless nights had made me dull, dumb; I had only one desire: that mother would heal faster.
    vīrietis bija vienaldzīgiem, truliem sejas pantiem‎ ― the man was indifferent, with dull facial features
  5. (of character features, mental conditions) dull (lacking variety, depth, with weak capacity for perception and reaction; depressed)
    trula vienaldzība, pacietība‎ ― dull indifference, patience
    trula domāšana‎ ― dull thinking
    redakcijā viņai neuzdeva nozīmīgu darbu, un Meta uzņēma to ar trulu mieru; viņā vairs nebija domu par rītdienu‎ ― in the editorial office they didn't give her important work, and Meta accepted that with dull calm, resignation; in her there was no thought of tomorrow
  6. (of actions, activities) dull, monotonous, repetitive
    visi zvejnieki iegrimuši nomācošā, trulā ritmā, ko diktēja tvēriens, naža grieziens un ripojašas zivju galvas‎ ― all the fishermen (were) immersed in a depressing, dull rhythm, dictated by catching, knife-cutting, and rolling fish heads

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “truls”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7