boom

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Onomatopoetic, perhaps borrowed; compare German bummen, Dutch bommen.

Verb[edit]

boom (third-person singular simple present booms, present participle booming, simple past and past participle boomed)

  1. To make a loud, resonant sound.
    Thunder boomed in the distance and lightning flashes lit up the horizon.
    The cannon boomed, recoiled, and spewed a heavy smoke cloud.
    Beneath the cliff, the sea was booming on the rocks.
    I can hear the organ slowly booming from the chapel.
  2. (transitive, figuratively, of speech) To exclaim with force, to shout, to thunder.
    • 1960, P. G. Wodehouse, Jeeves in the Offing, chapter I and XVII:
      I was about to reach for the marmalade, when I heard the telephone tootling out in the hall and rose to attend to it. “Bertram Wooster's residence,” I said, having connected with the instrument. “Wooster in person at this end. Oh hullo,” I added, for the voice that boomed over the wire was that of Mrs Thomas Portarlington Travers of Brinkley Court, Market Snodsbury, near Droitwich – or, putting it another way, my good and deserving Aunt Dahlia.
      [...]
      “I'd give a tenner to have Aubrey Upjohn here at this moment.” “You can get him for nothing. He's in Uncle Tom's study.” Her face lit up. “He is?” [Aunt Dahlia] threw her head back and inflated the lungs. “UPJOHN!” she boomed, rather like someone calling the cattle home across the sands of Dee, and I issued a kindly word of warning. “Watch that blood pressure, old ancestor.”
  3. (transitive) To make something boom.
    Men in grey robes slowly booming the drums of death.
  4. (slang, US, obsolete) To publicly praise.
    • (Can we date this quote?), Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, The Problem of Thor Bridge
    If you pull this off every paper in England and America will be booming you.
  5. To rush with violence and noise, as a ship under a press of sail, before a free wind.
    • Totten
      She comes booming down before it.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

boom (plural booms)

  1. A low-pitched, resonant sound, such as of an explosion.
    The boom of the surf.
  2. One of the calls of certain monkeys or birds.
    • 1990, Mark A. Berkley, William C. Stebbins, Comparative Perception
      Interestingly, the blue monkey's boom and pyow calls are both long-distance signals (Brown, 1989), yet the two calls differ in respect to their susceptibility to habitat-induced degradation.
Translations[edit]

Interjection[edit]

boom

  1. used to suggest the sound of an explosion.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Dutch boom (tree, pole). Compare English beam.

Noun[edit]

boom (plural booms)

  1. (nautical) A spar extending the foot of a sail; a spar rigged outboard from a ship's side to which boats are secured in harbour.
  2. A movable pole used to support a microphone or camera.
  3. A horizontal member of a crane or derrick, used for lifting.
  4. (electronics) The longest element of a Yagi antenna, on which the other, smaller ones, are transversally mounted.
  5. A floating barrier used to obstruct navigation, for military or other purposes; or used for the containment of an oil spill.
  6. A wishbone shaped piece of windsurfing equipment.
  7. The arm of a crane (mechanical lifting machine).
  8. The section of the arm on a backhoe closest to the tractor.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

boom (third-person singular simple present booms, present participle booming, simple past and past participle boomed)

  1. To extend, or push, with a boom or pole.
    to boom out a sail; to boom off a boat

Etymology 3[edit]

Or uncertain origin; perhaps a development of Etymology 1, above.

Noun[edit]

boom (plural booms)

  1. (economics, business) A period of prosperity or high market activity.
Antonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

boom (third-person singular simple present booms, present participle booming, simple past and past participle boomed)

  1. (intransitive) To be prosperous.
    Business was booming.
  2. (transitive, dated) To cause to advance rapidly in price.
    to boom railroad or mining shares
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch boom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

boom (plural bome)

  1. A tree

Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch boom, from Old Dutch bōm, boum, from Proto-Germanic *baumaz. Cognate with English boom (horizontal member), beam (wood), German Baum (tree).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

boom m (plural bomen, diminutive boompje n)

  1. tree
  2. any solid, pole-shaped, usually wooden object
Derived terms[edit]

Trees:

Solid pole-shaped object:

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English boom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

boom m (plural booms, diminutive boompje n)

  1. boom, as in a market explosion

References[edit]

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English boom, from Dutch boom - see above

Noun[edit]

boom m (invariable)

  1. A boom (sound)
  2. A boom, rapid expansion
  3. A boom (crane)

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

boom m (plural booms)

  1. (economics, business) boom (period of prosperity)

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English.

Noun[edit]

boom m (plural booms)

  1. boom (period of prosperity or high market activity)

See also[edit]