लेना

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Hindi[edit]

Hindi verb set
लेना (lenā)
लाना (lānā)

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀮𑁂𑀤𑀺 (ledi), adapted from 𑀮𑀳𑁂𑀤𑀺 (lahedi) by analogy with 𑀤𑁂𑀤𑀺 (dedi, give), 𑀡𑁂𑀤𑀺 (ṇedi, take), from Sanskrit लभते (labhate), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *labʰ-, from Proto-Indo-European *lebʰ-. Cognate with Nepali लिनु (linu).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /leː.nɑː/, [l̪eː.n̪äː]

Verb[edit]

लेना (lenā) (Urdu spelling لینا‎)

  1. to take
    बैंक से ऋण लेना पड़ेगा।baiṅk se ŕṇ lenā paṛegā.I'll have to take a loan from the bank.
    आज वह स्कूल से छुट्टी लेना चाहता है।
    āj vah skūl se chuṭṭī lenā cāhtā hai.
    He wants to take a holiday from school today.
    Antonym: देना (denā)
  2. to buy, get
    मैं नई घड़ी लेना चाहता हूँ।
    ma͠i naī ghaṛī lenā cāhtā hū̃.
    I want to buy a new watch.
  3. to take on
    अवतार लेनाavtār lenāto take on a new form
  4. an element of compound verbs
    1. (with transitive verbs) indicates completion
      खाना ख़त्म कर लियाkhānā xatm kar liyā.They have (just now) finished their food.
    2. (with transitive verbs) indicates self-benefaction
      मैं गाड़ी देख लेता हूँ, मगर ख़रीदता नहीं।
      ma͠i gāṛī dekh letā hū̃, magar xarīdtā nahī̃.
      I take a look at the car, but do not buy it.
      पढ़ लेनाpaṛh lenāto read (to oneself)
    3. (with intransitive verbs) indicates internal expression
      हंस लेनाhans lenāto laugh (internally); be amused

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • Caturvedi, Mahendra; Tiwari, Bhola Nath, “लेना”, in A Practical Hindi-English dictionary, Delhi: National Publishing House, 1970