पड़ना

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀧𑀟𑀤𑀺 (paḍadi), from Sanskrit पतति (pátati, to fly, fall). Compare Punjabi ਪੈਣਾ (paiṇā), Nepali पर्नु (parnu), Gujarati પડવું (paḍvũ), Bengali পড়া (pôṛa), Assamese পৰা (pora).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /pəɽ.nɑː/, [pəɽ.n̪äː]

Verb[edit]

पड़ना (paṛnā) (intransitive, Urdu spelling پڑنا‎)

  1. to fall, to fall down, to drop
    बारिश अभी पड़ने लगी।bāriś abhī paṛne lagī.Rain just began to fall.
    अपने घुटनों पे पड़नाapne ghuṭnõ pe paṛnāto fall on one's knees
    Synonym: गिरना (girnā)
  2. to lie, be strewn about
    खाना दिवारों पे कैसे पड़ा!?
    khānā divārõ pe kaise paṛā!?
    How did food become strewn on the walls!?
    मेरा स्टेशन वहाँ पड़ता है।
    merā sṭeśan vahā̃ paṛtā hai.
    My train stop lies over there.
  3. to stay, inhabit
    Synonym: रहना (rahnā)
  4. to be hot or cold (of the weather)
    आजकल बहुत ठंड पड़ रही है।
    ājkal bahut ṭhaṇḍ paṛ rahī hai.
    It's getting really cold these days.
  5. to become
    तुम्हारी आवाज़ धीमी क्यों पड़ गई?
    tumhārī āvāz dhīmī kyõ paṛ gaī?
    Why did your voice become quiet?
    Synonyms: होना (honā), हो जाना (ho jānā)
  6. to occur, happen
    इस शहर में कल खाने की कमी पड़ गई थी।
    is śahar mẽ kal khāne kī kamī paṛ gaī thī.
    A food shortage occurred in this city yesterday.
    फ़रक़ पड़नाfaraq paṛnāto make a difference
    Synonym: होना (honā)
  7. to befall, happen to
  8. to sum, stand (an amount of money)
    दो रुपये का पड़ेगाdo rupye kā paṛegā.It will cost two rupees.
    Synonym: लगना (lagnā)
  9. to follow, accost
    ... के पीछे पड़ना... ke pīche paṛnāto annoy, follow intently
  10. (modal auxiliary) must
    अब तो आपकी खिचड़ी खानी ही पड़ेगी
    ab to āpkī khicṛī khānī hī paṛegī.
    Now I must try your khichdi.
  11. (compound verb) to do suddenly, abruptly
    वह हेलिकॉप्टर से कूद पड़ा
    vah helikŏpṭar se kūd paṛā.
    He suddenly jumped from the helicopter.

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993) , “paṛnā”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press.
  • Caturvedi, Mahendra; Tiwari, Bhola Nath, “पड़ना”, in A Practical Hindi-English dictionary, Delhi: National Publishing House, 1970
  • Bahri, Hardev (1989) , “पड़ना”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons.
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985) , “pátati”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press.