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U+5B71, 孱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B71

[U+5B70]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B72]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 39, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 尸弓木木 (SNDD), four-corner 77247, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 280, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7000
  • Dae Jaweon: page 549, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1017, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5B71

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nɯb, *skʷrens, *kʷjenʔ
*sɡreːn, *sɡreːnʔ, *sɡren

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
Initial () (20) (20)
Final () (73) (79)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒˠɛn/ /d͡ʒˠiᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐᵚæn/ /ɖ͡ʐᵚiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒæn/ /d͡ʒiæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐəɨn/ /ɖ͡ʐian/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒɛn/ /d͡ʒjɛn/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒæn/ /d͡ʒĭɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱăn/ /ɖ͡ʐʱi̯ɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chán chán
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chán
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzrɛn ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]r[a][n]/
English timid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 3/3
No. 1203 17702
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sɡreːn/ /*sɡren/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary) weak; small; frail; feeble
  2. meager; mean; shallow
  3. cautious

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 孱頭孱头 (càntou, “coward; weakling”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Pronunciation 4[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (20)
Final () (73)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒˠɛnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐᵚænX/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐəɨnX/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒɛnX/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒænX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱănX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 1207
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sɡreːnʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): せん (sen); さん (san)
  • Kun: よわい (yowai)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (jan))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: sàn, sờn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]