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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 39 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 尸弓木木 (SNDD), four-corner 77247, composition)

  1. weak, unfit, frail, feeble

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 280, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7000
  • Dae Jaweon: page 549, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1017, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5B71

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (孱), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 崇 (20)
Final: 山
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 士山切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɣɛn/ /ɖ͡ʐʱăn/ /d͡ʒɛn/ /ɖ͡ʐɯæn/ /ɖ͡ʐəɨn/ /d͡ʒæn/ /d͡ʒæn/
Character (孱), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 崇 (20)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 士連切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒiᴇn/ /ɖ͡ʐʱi̯ɛn/ /d͡ʒiɛn/ /ɖ͡ʐiɛn/ /ɖ͡ʐian/ /d͡ʒĭɛn/ /d͡ʒjæn/
Character (孱), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 崇 (20)
Final: 山
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 士限切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɣɛnX/ /ɖ͡ʐʱănX/ /d͡ʒɛnX/ /ɖ͡ʐɯænX/ /ɖ͡ʐəɨnX/ /d͡ʒænX/ /d͡ʒænX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chán ‹ dzrɛn › /*[dz]r[a][n]/ timid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1203 2 /*sɡreːn/ 孨旨兗切
1207 2 /*sɡreːnʔ/
17702 2 /*sɡren/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jan) (hangeul , revised jan, McCune-Reischauer chan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]