海馬

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Chinese[edit]

ocean; sea horse; horse chess piece; Surname
trad. (海馬)
simp. (海马)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

海馬

  1. sea horse

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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海馬 (umiuma, kaiba): a sea horse.
Kanji in this term
うみ
Grade: 2
うま
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(umi, ocean, sea) +‎ ‎(uma, horse).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

海馬 ‎(hiragana うみうま, romaji umiuma)

  1. sea horse
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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海馬 (kaiba): a walrus.
Kanji in this term
かい
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 海馬 ‎(xojX mæX, literally sea + horse). Compare modern Min Nan reading hái-bé.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

海馬 ‎(hiragana かいば, romaji kaiba)

  1. sea horse
  2. walrus
  3. (anatomy) the hippocampus (a part of the brain)
Usage notes[edit]

The walrus sense is more commonly expressed using the term 海象 ‎(seiuchi).

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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海馬 (todo): a female and male Steller sea lion.
Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 2
Irregular

From Ainu トド ‎(todo) or トト ‎(toto, sea lion).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

海馬 ‎(hiragana とど, katakana トド, romaji todo)

  1. the Steller sea lion, Eumetopias jubatus, the largest of the sea lion species
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as トド. The kanji spellings are rare. When written in kanji, the 胡獱 spelling may be more common, likely to avoid confusion with the alternate readings of the 海馬 spelling of umiuma and kaiba.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9