瑠璃

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S

Grade: S
goon on’yomi
Alternative spelling
琉璃
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瑠璃: a lapis lazuli carving from Qing Dynasty China

Etymology[edit]

Shortened from (べい)()() (beiruri), itself from Middle Chinese 吠瑠璃 (MC bʉɐiH liᴇ), a phonetic transcription of Sanskrit वैडूर्य (vaiḍūrya, cat's eye, beryl).[1][2] Some scholars suggest that the source term might instead have been Pali veḷuriya (precious stone, maybe lapis lazuli).[3][4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()() (ruri

  1. lapis lazuli
  2. the deep blue color of lapis lazuli: azure
  3. common name for various blue thrushes (birds) in family Muscicapidae, such as the 大瑠璃 (ōruri, blue and white flycatcher, Cyanoptila cyanomelana) or 小瑠璃 (koruri, Siberian blue robin, Larvivora cyane, syn. Luscinia cyane)
  4. (mineralogy, geology) lazurite
    Synonym: 青金石 (seikinseki) (more specific)

Idioms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1985, The Golden Peaches of Samarkand, Edward H Schafer, University of California Press, Los Angeles, 398 pp.
  4. ^ 1917, Field Museum of Natural History: 1909, “The Beginnings of Porcelain in China”, Berthold Laufer and Henry Windsor Nichols, The Museum, p138:
    The glassy paste for the production of ceramic glazes was called liu-li 琉璃 (in the Han Annals 流離) or p'i-liu-li, derived from Prākrit veluriya, Mahārāshṭrī verulia (Sanskrit vaiḍūrya).
  5. 5.0 5.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN