瑠璃

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Japanese[edit]

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瑠璃: a lapis lazuli carving from Qing Dynasty China
Kanji in this term

Grade: S

Grade: S
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Shortened from 吠瑠璃 (​beiruri), itself from Middle Chinese 吠瑠璃 ‎(bjojH liou liɛ), a phonetic transcription of Sanskrit वैडूर्य ‎(vaiḍūrya, cat's-eye, beryl).[1][2] Some scholars suggest that the source term might instead have been Pali veḷuriya ‎(precious stone, maybe lapis lazuli).[3][4]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

瑠璃 ‎(hiragana るり, romaji ruri)

  1. lapis lazuli
  2. the deep blue color of lapis lazuli: azure
  3. common name for various blue thrushes (birds) in family Muscicapidae, such as the 大瑠璃 ‎(ōruri, blue and white flycatcher, Cyanoptila cyanomelana) or 小瑠璃 ‎(koruri, Siberian blue robin, Luscinia cyane)
  4. (mineralogy, geology) lazurite
    The term 青金石 (​seikinseki) is used more specifically for this sense.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1985, The Golden Peaches of Samarkand, Edward H Schafer, University of California Press, Los Angeles, 398 pp.
  4. ^ 1917, Field Museum of Natural History: 1909, “The Beginnings of Porcelain in China”, Berthold Laufer and Henry Windsor Nichols, The Museum, p138:
    The glassy paste for the production of ceramic glazes was called liu-li 琉璃 (in the Han Annals 流離) or p'i-liu-li, derived from Prākrit veluriya, Mahārāshṭrī verulia (Sanskrit vaiḍūrya).
  5. 5.0 5.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3