absolutist

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From absolute +‎ -ist after French absolutiste.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

absolutist (plural absolutists)

  1. One who is in favor of an absolute or autocratic government. [First attested in the mid 19th century.][1]
  2. (metaphysics) One who believes that it is possible to realize a cognition or concept of the Absolute. [First attested in the mid 19th century.][1]
  3. An uncompromising person; one who maintains certain principles to be absolute. [First attested in the early 20th century.][1]

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

absolutist (comparative more absolutist, superlative most absolutist)

  1. Of or pertaining to absolutism; arbitrary; despotic; uncompromising. [First attested in the mid 19th century.][1]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002) , “absolutist”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 9.

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Likely borrowed from Spanish absolutista, because the word was initially used for Spanish absolutists during the Ominous Decade. Equivalent to absoluut +‎ -ist.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌɑp.soː.lyˈtɪst/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ab‧so‧lu‧tist
  • Rhymes: -ɪst

Noun[edit]

absolutist m (plural absolutisten)

  1. (politics, historical, political science) absolutist (adherent of the absolute sovereignty of rulers) [from 1820s]
  2. (philosophy) absolutist (one believing in metaphysical absolutes)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

absolutt +‎ -ist, first part from Latin absolūtus (concluded, absolute), perfect passive participle of absolvō (complete, finish), from both ab- (from, off, away from), from Latin ab (from, away from, on, in), from Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away) + and from solvō (release, loosen, dissolve, take apart), from both sē- (apart-, aside-, away), from Proto-Indo-European *s(w)ēd, the ablative singular of *s(w)é (self) + and from luō (I untie, set free, separate), from Proto-Indo-European *lewh₃- (to wash). Last part from French -iste (-ist, -istic), from Latin -ista (-ist; one who practises or believes), from Ancient Greek -ιστής (-istḗs), alternative form of -τής (-tḗs), from Proto-Hellenic *-tās, probably from Proto-Indo-European *-teh₂ (forms nouns representing state of being).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /absʊlʉˈtɪst/, /apsʊlʉˈtɪst/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪst
  • Hyphenation: ab‧so‧lut‧ist

Noun[edit]

absolutist m (definite singular absolutisten, indefinite plural absolutister, definite plural absolutistene)

  1. (politics, political science) an absolutist (one who is in favor of an absolute or autocratic government)
    • 1853, Henrik Wergeland, Samlede Skrifter III, page 43:
      absolutisternes rædselsgjerninger og forfølgelser mod de liberale [i Spania]
      the atrocities of the absolutists and the persecution of the liberals [in Spain]
    • 2004 July 9, Morgenbladet:
      konferansen blir avbrutt av … primitivistiske studenter og religiøse absolutister
      the conference is interrupted by… primitivist students and religious absolutists

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French absolutiste.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

absolutist m or n (feminine singular absolutistă, masculine plural absolutiști, feminine and neuter plural absolutiste)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

absolut +‎ -ist, since 1825. In the sense of abstinence since 1842.

Noun[edit]

absolutist c

  1. a teetotaller; a person who completely abstains from alcohol
  2. an absolutist; a supporter of absolutism, despotism, dictatorship

Declension[edit]

Declension of absolutist 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative absolutist absolutisten absolutister absolutisterna
Genitive absolutists absolutistens absolutisters absolutisternas

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]