bersten

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Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bersten

  1. Obsolete form of barsten.

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of bersten (weak with strong past participle)
infinitive bersten
past singular berstte
past participle gebersten
infinitive bersten
gerund bersten n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular berst berstte
2nd person sing. (jij) berst berstte
2nd person sing. (u) berst berstte
2nd person sing. (gij) berst berstte
3rd person singular berst berstte
plural bersten berstten
subjunctive sing.1 berste berstte
subjunctive plur.1 bersten berstten
imperative sing. berst
imperative plur.1 berst
participles berstend gebersten
1) Archaic.

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Middle High German bresten, from Old High German brestan, from Proto-Germanic *brestaną. The modern form is from Middle Low German with metathesis of -r- from Old Saxon brestan (compare Bernstein, Born). Cognate with Dutch barsten, English burst, Old Norse bresta (whence Danish briste, Norwegian Bokmål briste and Swedish brista).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɛʁstən/, [ˈbɛʁstən], [ˈbɛɐ̯-], [-stn̩]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

bersten (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present birst, past tense barst, past participle geborsten, past subjunctive bärste, auxiliary sein)

  1. (intransitive, chiefly literary) to burst

Usage notes[edit]

  • The more general word is platzen.
  • Bersten has a somewhat irregular 2nd person singular du birst, to avoid the regular but unpronounceable *birstst.

Conjugation[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch brestan, from Proto-Germanic *brestaną.

Verb[edit]

bersten

  1. to burst, to break apart
  2. to come forth, to arise

Inflection[edit]

Strong class 3
Infinitive bersten
3rd sg. past barst
3rd pl. past borsten
Past participle geborsten
Infinitive bersten
In genitive berstens
In dative berstene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular berste barst
2nd singular bersts, berstes borsts, borstes
3rd singular berst, berstet barst
1st plural bersten borsten
2nd plural berst, berstet borst, borstet
3rd plural bersten borsten
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular berste borste
2nd singular bersts, berstes borstes
3rd singular berste borste
1st plural bersten borsten
2nd plural berst, berstet borstet
3rd plural bersten borsten
Imperative Present
Singular berst, berste
Plural berst, berstet
Present Past
Participle berstende geborsten

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • bersten”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • bersten (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929