trời

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See also: troi, Troi, trói, tròi, and trôi

Vietnamese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Vietnamese 𡗶 (blời, sky), from Proto-Vietic *b-ləːj (sky), from Proto-Mon-Khmer *briiʔ (sky, rain).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(classifier bầu) trời (𡗶)

  1. the sky
    ngoài trời
    outdoor(s)
  2. weather
  3. (sometimes capitalized) a generic deification of the sky that is said to be able to grant "natural gifts" (talent, good weather, etc.) and deal heavenly "punishment" (storms, lightning, etc.); the heavenly lord
    Bắc thang lên mà hỏi ông trời!
    Go find a damn ladder to go up and ask the heavenly lord!
    bị trời đánh
    to be struck by Heaven; to be vanquished by divine wrath
    trời đánh
    bastard; obnoxious
    trời đánh tránh bữa ăn
    even the heavenly lord knows better not to strike at meal times; don't cause ruckuses at meal times
    Con cóc là cậu ông trời,
    Nếu ai đánh cóc thì trời đánh cho.
    The Toad is the Heavenly Lord's boss,
    If you strike him, the Lord will strike you.

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

trời

  1. wild
  2. Used after ngày, tháng, or năm to emphasize a lengthy duration
    mười ngày trời
    a full ten days
    gần ba năm trời
    almost a full three years

Interjection[edit]

trời

  1. (colloquial) good Lord!
    Trời, sao lại làm như thế?
    Good Lord, what did (you/he/she/it) do that for?

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]