ár

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Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse ár (year), from Proto-Germanic *jērą, from Proto-Germanic *yōr- < *yeh₁r-. Cognates include: Dutch and Afrikaans jaar, English year, German Jahr, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish år.

Noun[edit]

ár n (genitive singular árs, plural ár)

  1. year
Declension[edit]
n3 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ár árið ár árini
Accusative ár árið ár árini
Dative ári árinum árum árunum
Genitive árs ársins ára áranna

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse ár, from Proto-Germanic *airō. Cognates include: Old English ār (oar) (English oar).

Noun[edit]

ár f (genitive singular árar, plural árar)

  1. oar
Declension[edit]
f6 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ár árin árar árarnar
Accusative ár árina árar árarnar
Dative ár árini árum árunum
Genitive árar árarinnar ára áranna

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈaːr/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ár

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

ár (plural árak)

  1. price
    borsos ár — an exorbitant price
    borsos ára vancost a pretty penny, cost an arm and a leg
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ár (plural árak)

  1. flood or high tide
Declension[edit]

Same as above.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

ár (plural árak)

  1. awl (pointed instrument for piercing small holes, as in leather or wood)
Declension[edit]

Same as above.

Etymology 4[edit]

From German Ar (are) and French are (are), from Latin ārea (threshing floor).[1]

Noun[edit]

ár (plural árak)

  1. are (accepted SI unit of area equal to 100 square metres)
Declension[edit]

Same as above.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gábor Zaicz, Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete, Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, ISBN 963 7094 01 6

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse ár, from Proto-Germanic *aiz. Cognates include: Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐍂 (air, early), Old English ār and ærlice (English early).[1]

Adverb[edit]

ár

  1. (rare) early
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse ár (year), from Proto-Germanic *jērą, from Proto-Germanic *yōr- < *yeh₁r-. Cognates include: Dutch and Afrikaans jaar, English year, German Jahr, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish år.[1]

Noun[edit]

ár n (genitive singular árs, nominative plural ár)

  1. year
  2. indefinite accusative singular of ár
  3. indefinite nominative plural of ár
  4. indefinite accusative plural of ár
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Norse ár, from Proto-Germanic *airō. Cognates include: Old English ār (oar) (English oar).[1]

Noun[edit]

ár f (genitive singular árar, nominative plural árar)

  1. oar
  2. indefinite accusative singular of ár
  3. indefinite dative singular of ár
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Inflection of á

Noun[edit]

ár f

  1. indefinite genitive singular of á
  2. indefinite nominative plural of á
  3. indefinite accusative singular of á

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Alf Torp, "Nynorsk Etymologisk Ordbok", Oslo 1992 (reprint), ISBN 82-90520-17-4; aarlege, aar

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish ar, from Proto-Celtic *anserom, from Proto-Indo-European *n̥serōm, from *nes- (we, us); compare German unser.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɑːɾˠ], [əɾˠ], [ə]

Determiner[edit]

ár (triggers eclipsis on the following word)

  1. our
    ár dteach ― our house
    Ár nAthairOur Father
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish ár (slaughter), from Proto-Celtic *agros, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eǵro- (hunt); compare Ancient Greek ἄγρα (ágra, hunt).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ár m (genitive áir)

  1. slaughter, carnage
  2. havoc, destruction

Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowing from French are, from Latin area.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ár m (genitive áir, plural áir)

  1. are (unit of area equal to 100 square metres)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • “ár” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *agros (slaughter), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eǵro- (hunt); compare Ancient Greek ἄγρα (ágra, hunt)

Noun[edit]

ár (o-stem, plural áir or ára)

  1. slaughter, carnage
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 34a19
      "donaib araib" glosses ad strages
  2. defeat, destruction
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 33d4
      "du ár" glosses ad cedem
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 113b4
      "etarcnae áir mo namat" glosses de cede hostium

Derived terms[edit]

  • árchú (slaughter-hound, watchdog)
  • ármag (slaughter-plain, battlefield)
  • muccár (swine-massacre)

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: ár
  • Scottish Gaelic: àr

References[edit]

  • "ár" in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Norse[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (12th century Icelandic) IPA(key): /ˈaːr/

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *jērą (year). Cognate with Old English ġēar, Old Frisian jār, Old Saxon jār, Old Dutch jār, Old High German jār, Gothic 𐌾𐌴𐍂 (jēr).
Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *yōr- < *yeh₁r- (year).

Noun[edit]

ár n (genitive árs, plural ár)

  1. a year
    • Vǫluspá, verse 6, lines 9-10, in 1860, T. Möbius, Edda Sæmundar hins fróða: mit einem Anhang zum Theil bisher ungedruckter Gedichte. Leipzig, page 2:
      [] undorn ok aptan, / árum at telja.
      [] undern and evening, / years to count.
  2. plenty, abundance
    • Saga Sigurðar Jórsalafara 53, in 1832, R. Rask, Fornmanna sögur, Volume VII. Copenhagen, page 174:
      [] þvíat þá var bæði ár og friðr.
      [] since then there were both plenty and peace.
  3. the name of the A-rune
Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]
  • Danish: år n
  • Faroese: ár n
  • Icelandic: ár n
  • Norwegian Bokmål: år n
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: år n
  • Swedish: år n

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *airi (early). Cognate with Old English ār, Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐍂 (air).

Adverb[edit]

ár (not comparable)

  1. early, anciently
Descendants[edit]
  • Icelandic: ár
  • Swedish: arla (early in the morning)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *airō (oar). Cognate with Old English ār.

Noun[edit]

ár f (genitive árar, plural árar)

  1. oar
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Icelandic: ár f

References[edit]

  • ár in An Icelandic-English Dictionary, R. Cleasby and G. Vigfússon, Clarendon Press, 1874, at Internet Archive.
  • ár in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.