電話

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
でん
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From (デン, den, electric) + (ワ, wa, conversation). See also 話す (はなす, hanasu).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

電話 (hiragana でんわ, romaji denwa)

  1. a telephone
    電話引く
    でんわひく
    Denwa o hiku.
    To install a telephone.
    電話出る
    でんわでる
    Denwa ni deru.
    To answer the phone.
  2. a telephone call, a phone call, a call
    電話掛ける
    でんわかける
    Denwa o kakeru.
    To make a call.
    電話掛かって来る
    でんわかかってくる
    Denwa ga kakatte kuru.
    To receive a call.
    電話を切る
    でんわをきる
    Denwa o kiru.
    To hang up.

Compounds[edit]

Verb[edit]

電話 + する (hiragana でんわする, romaji denwa suru)

  1. to make a phone call, to telephone someone, to call someone

Usage notes[edit]

  • In order to imply whom one is calling as is done in English with the preposition to in make a phone call to or by the objective case as him in the sentence I called him, the Japanese use (ni):
    私は彼に電話するつもりだ。
    わたしはかれにでんわするつもりだ。
    Watashi wa kare ni denwa suru tsumori da.
    I'm going to call him.

Conjugation[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

電話 (jeonhwa) (hangeul 전화)

  1. a telephone

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. 电话
trad.

Etymology[edit]

From  ("electricity, electric") +  ("speech"). Wasei kango.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin diànhuà
Zhuyin ㄉㄧㄢˋ ㄏㄨㄚˋ
IPA (key) /ti̯ɛn⁵¹⁻⁵³ xu̯a̠⁵¹/
Audio
(file)
Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing, erhua-ed)
Pinyin diànhuàr
Zhuyin ㄉㄧㄢˋ ㄏㄨㄚˋㄦ
IPA (key) /ti̯ɛn⁵¹⁻⁵³ xwɑɻ⁵¹/

Noun[edit]

電話 (traditional, Pinyin diànhuà, simplified 电话)

  1. telephone; phone
    不在時候電話
    dāng nǐ búzài de shíhou, diànhuà xiǎng le
    The phone rang when you weren't here.

Derived terms[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

simpl. 电话
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ tɪɛn˨˩ue˧˧ ]

Noun[edit]

電話 (traditional, POJ tiān-ōe, traditional 電話, simplified 电话)

  1. telephone; phone

Derived terms[edit]