poll

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See also: Poll, póll, and põll

English[edit]

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 Poll on Wikipedia

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English pol, polle ("head, hair of the head, list"; > Anglo-Norman poll (list)), from Middle Low German pol, poll (head) or Middle Dutch pol, pōle, polle (head, top), both from Proto-Germanic *pullaz (round object, head, top), from Proto-Indo-European *bolno-, *bōwl- (orb, round object, bubble), from Proto-Indo-European *bew- (to blow, swell). Akin to Scots pow (head, crown, skalp, skull), Eastern Frisian pol (round, full, brimming), Low German polle (head, tree-top, bulb), Danish puld (crown of a hat), Swedish dialectal pull (head). Meaning "collection of votes" is first recorded 1625, from notion of "counting heads".

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

poll (plural polls)

  1. An election or a survey of a particular group of people.
    The student council had a poll to see what people want served in the cafeteria.
    • Blackstone
      All soldiers quartered in place are to remove [] and not to return till one day after the poll is ended.
  2. A number or aggregate of heads; a list or register of individuals, especially electors.
    • Shakespeare
      We are the greater poll, and in true fear / They gave us our demands.
    • Shakespeare
      The muster file, rotten and sound, upon my life, amounts not to fifteen thousand poll.
  3. (usually as plural) A place where voters cast ballots.
    The polls close at 8 p.m.
  4. Hair
    • 1883: Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Island
      ...the doctor, as if to hear better, had taken off his powdered wig, and sat there, looking very strange indeed with his own close-cropped black poll.
  5. The head, especially its top part.
    • 1908, O. Henry, A Tempered Wind
      And you might perceive the president and general manager, Mr. R. G. Atterbury, with his priceless polished poll, busy in the main office room dictating letters..
  6. The broad or butt end of an axe or a hammer.
  7. A fish, the pollard or European chub.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

poll (third-person singular simple present polls, present participle polling, simple past and past participle polled)

  1. (transitive) To take, record the votes of (an electorate).
  2. (transitive) To solicit mock votes from (a person or group).
  3. (intransitive) To vote at an election.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Beaconsfield to this entry?)
  4. To register or deposit, as a vote; to elicit or call forth, as votes or voters.
    He polled a hundred votes more than his opponent.
    • Tickell
      poll for points of faith his trusty vote
  5. To cut off; to remove by clipping, shearing, etc.; to mow or crop.
    to poll the hair; to poll wool; to poll grass
    • Chapman
      Who, as he polled off his dart's head, so sure he had decreed / That all the counsels of their war he would poll off like it.
  6. (transitive) To cut the hair of (a creature).
    • Bible, 2 Sam. xiv. 26
      when he [Absalom] polled his head
    • Sir T. North
      His death did so grieve them that they polled themselves; they clipped off their horse and mule's hairs.
  7. (transitive) To remove the horns of (an animal).
  8. To remove the top or end of; to clip; to lop.
    to poll a tree
  9. (transitive, computing, communication) To (repeatedly) request the status of something (such as a computer or printer on a network).
    The network hub polled the department's computers to determine which ones could still respond.
  10. (intransitive, with adverb) To be judged in a poll.
    • 2008, Joanne McEvoy, The politics of Northern Ireland (page 171)
      The election was a resounding defeat for Robert McCartney who polled badly in the six constituencies he contested and even lost his own Assembly seat in North Down.
  11. (obsolete) To extort from; to plunder; to strip.
    • Spenser
      which polls and pills the poor in piteous wise
  12. To impose a tax upon.
  13. To pay as one's personal tax.
    • Dryden
      the man that polled but twelve pence for his head
  14. To enter, as polls or persons, in a list or register; to enroll, especially for purposes of taxation; to enumerate one by one.
    • Milton
      polling the reformed churches whether they equalize in number those of his three kingdoms
  15. (law) To cut or shave smooth or even; to cut in a straight line without indentation.
    a polled deed
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)
Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

poll

  1. (of kinds of livestock which typically have horns) Bred without horns, and thus hornless.
    Poll Hereford
    Red Poll cows
    • 1757, The monthly review, or, literary journal, volume 17, page 416:
      Sheep, that is, the Horned sort, and those without Horns, called Poll Sheep [...]
    • 1960, Frank O'Loghlen, Frank H. Johnston, Cattle country: an illustrated survey of the Australian beef cattle industry, a complete directory of the studs, page 85:
      About 15000 cattle, comprising 10000 Hereford and Poll Hereford, 4000 Aberdeen Angus and 1000 Shorthorn and Poll Shorthorn, are grazed [...]
    • 1970, The Pastoral review, volume 80, page 457:
      Otherwise, both horned and poll sheep continue to be bred from an inner stud.


Etymology 2[edit]

Perhaps a shortening of Polly, a common name for pet parrots.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

poll (plural polls)

  1. A pet parrot.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Ancient Greek [script?] (polloi, the many, the masses)

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with enPR or IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

poll (plural polls)

  1. (UK, dated, Cambridge University) One who does not try for honors at university, but is content to take a degree merely; a passman.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967

Catalan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin pullus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

poll m (plural polls)

  1. A chicken.

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably from Late Latin peduclus < peduculus, variant of Latin pediculus, ultimately from pedis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

poll m (plural polls)

  1. A louse.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Verb[edit]

poll

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pollen
  2. imperative of pollen

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [pˠoːl̪ˠ], [pˠɔl̪ˠ]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish poll (hole), from Old English pōl (compare English pool).

Noun[edit]

poll m (genitive poill, nominative plural poill)

  1. hole
  2. storage pit; disposal pit; extraction pit
  3. pool, puddle; 'pond', sea
  4. burrow, lair
  5. dark, mean place (of prison)
  6. shaft, vent hole
  7. aperture
  8. (anatomy) orifice, cavity
  9. perforation
  10. (figuratively) leak
  11. pothole
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish pollaid (perforates, pierces), from poll (hole).

Verb[edit]

poll (present analytic pollann, future analytic pollfaidh, verbal noun polladh, past participle pollta)

  1. (transitive) hole; puncture, pierce, bore, perforate (make a hole in)
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
poll pholl bpoll
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

poll

  1. A head

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Noun[edit]

poll m (genitive and plural puill)

  1. mud, mire
  2. pond, pool, bog

Derived terms[edit]