ава

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Eastern Mari[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Erzya, Moksha, and Tuvan ава (ava).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɑˈβɑ/
  • Rhymes:
  • Hyphenation: а‧ва

Noun[edit]

ава (ava)

  1. mother
  2. mother-in-law, husband's mother
  3. (agriculture) female
    ава кияр
    ava kijar
    seed cucumber (lit. female cucumber)
  4. (mythology) spirit, ghost
  5. (computing) parent

Declension[edit]

Declension of ава
singular plural
nominative ава (ava) ава-влак (ava-vlak)
accusative авам (avam) ава-влакым (ava-vlakym)
genitive аван (avan) ава-влакын (ava-vlakyn)
dative авалан (avalan) ава-влаклан (ava-vlaklan)
comitative аваге (avage) ава-влакге (ava-vlakge)
comparative авала (avala) ава-влакла (ava-vlakla)
inessive аваште (avašte) ава-влакыште (ava-vlakyšte)
illative (short) аваш (avaš) ава-влакыш (ava-vlakyš)
illative (long) авашке (avaške) ава-влакышке (ava-vlakyške)
lative аваш (avaš) ава-влакеш (ava-vlakeš)
Possessed forms of ава
singular plural
1st person авам (avam) авана (avana)
2nd person ават (avat) авада (avada)
3rd person аваже (avaže) авашт (avašt)

Derived terms[edit]

nouns

References[edit]

  • J. Bradley et al. (2023), “ава”, in The Mari Web Project: Mari-English Dictionary, University of Vienna

Erzya[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Moksha ава (ava) (see for more), Eastern Mari ава (ava).

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

ава (ava)

  1. woman
    Synonym: тейтерява (ťejťeŕava)
    велень аваveľeń avaa country woman
  2. mother
    (монь) авам(moń) avammy mother
    • 1865, Ferdinand Johann Wiedemann, Das Evangelium des Matthäus ersamordwinisch, page 4:
      I sovamsto kudos neize eikakšośt sońze avanzo Marijań marto
      On coming to the house, they saw the child with his mother Mary

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • B. A. Serebrennikov; R. N. Buzakova; M. V. Mosin (1993), “ава”, in Эрзянь-рузонь валкс [Erzya-Russian dictionary], Moscow: Русский язык, →ISBN
  • Ferdinand Johann Wiedemann (1865) Das Evangelium des Matthäus ersamordwinisch[1], London: Bonaparte, Louis-Lucien

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkishهوا(hava), from Arabicهَوَاء(hawāʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ава (avaf (uncountable)

  1. (colloquial) air
    Synonym: воздух (vozduh)
  2. (colloquial) climate, atmospheric condition
    Synonyms: поднебје (podnebje), клима (klima)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • ава” in Дигитален речник на македонскиот јазик (Digitalen rečnik na makedonskiot jazik) [Digital dictionary of the Macedonian language] − drmj.eu
  • Belčev, Tole (2016), “ава”, in Речник на турцизми, архаизми, дијалектизми и ретко употребувани зборови во македонскиот јазик [Dictionary of Turkisms, Archaisms, Dialectisms and Rarely Used Words in the Macedonian Language] (in Macedonian), Štip: UGD, →ISBN, page 14

Moksha[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Feoktistov, from a Turkic language.[1] Veršinin considers suggestions of borrowing completely baseless, he is convinced that the term is of child language origin (its original meaning being "mother"), according to him, the following are of a similar origin: Eastern Mari ава (ava), Western Mari ӓвӓ (ävä), cf. dialectal Eastern Mari аппа! (appa!, [an exclamation for a baby to smile]), Tundra Nenets [script needed] (āppa, mother [child language]). Parallel developments in unrelated languages: Northern Selkup ама (mother), Basque ama (id.), Nivkh ымык (əmək, id.), Koryak [script needed] (-aw'-) in [script needed] (ŋaw'gyjnik, female [animal]).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ɑvɑ/

This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Noun[edit]

ава (ava)

  1. lady
    • V. I. Ščankina (2011) Russko-mokšansko-erzjanskij slovarʹ [Russian-Moksha-Erzya Dictionary], Saransk, →ISBN
      дама — ава
      dama — ava
      lady [in Russian] — lady
  2. (zoology) female
    • V. I. Ščankina (2011) Russko-mokšansko-erzjanskij slovarʹ [Russian-Moksha-Erzya Dictionary], Saransk, →ISBN
      самка — ава
      samka — ava
      female [in Russian] — female
  3. woman
    • V. I. Ščankina (2011) Russko-mokšansko-erzjanskij slovarʹ [Russian-Moksha-Erzya Dictionary], Saransk, →ISBN
      женщина — ава
      ženščina — ava
      woman [in Russian] — woman
  4. wife
    • Oahpa, University of Tromsø
      vaimo — ава
      vaimo — ava
      wife [in Finnish] — wife
  5. mom
    • V. I. Ščankina (2011) Russko-mokšansko-erzjanskij slovarʹ [Russian-Moksha-Erzya Dictionary], Saransk, →ISBN
      мама — ава/авай
      mama — ava /avaj
      mom [in Russian] — mom

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A. P. Feoktistov (1993), Jaziki mira: Uraľskije jaziki (MOKŠANSKIJ JAZIK) [Languages of the world: Uralic languages (Moksha language)], Moscow, pages 178—189
  2. ^ Veršinin, V. I. (2004) Этимологический словарь мордовских (эрзянского и мокшанского) языков [Etymological dictionary of Mordvinic (Erzya and Moksha) languages] (in Russian), volume 1, Joškar Ola, page 5

Northern Altai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *apa (mother, elder sister, aunt). Cognate to dialectal Turkish aba (mother, elder sister).

Noun[edit]

ава (ava)

  1. father

References[edit]

N. A Baskakov, editor (1972), “ава”, in Severnyje dialekty Altajskovo (Ojrotskovo Jazyka- Dialekt kumandincev(Kumandin Kiži) [Northern Dialect of Altai -Kumandin Dialect(Kumandin kiži)], Moskva: glavnaja redakcija vostočnoja literatury, →ISBN

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Clipping of авата́р (avatár, avatar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

а́ва (ávaf inan (genitive а́вы, nominative plural а́вы, genitive plural ав, diminutive а́вка)

  1. (Internet slang) avatar, profile pic, user pic
    Synonyms: авата́р (avatár), авата́рка (avatárka), юзерпи́к (juzerpík)

Declension[edit]

Tuvan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *apa (mother, elder sister, aunt). Cognate to dialectal Turkish aba (mother, elder sister).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ава (ava) (definite accusative аваны, plural авалар)

  1. mother

Declension[edit]

Declension of ава
Nominative ава
ava
Accusative аваны
avanı
Singular Plural
Nominative ава
ava
авалар
avalar
Genitive аваның
avanıñ
аваларның
avalarnıñ
Accusative аваны
avanı
аваларны
avalarnı
Dative авага
avaga
аваларга
avalarga
Locative авада
avada
аваларда
avalarda
Ablative авадан
avadan
авалардан
avalardan
Prolative I аваже
avaje
аваларже
avalarje
Prolative II авадыва
avadıva
авалардыва
avalardıva
First person singular possessive forms of ава
Nominative авам
avam
Accusative авамны
avamnı
Singular Plural
Nominative авам
avam
аваларым
avalarım
Genitive авамның
avamnıñ
аваларымның
avalarımnıñ
Accusative авамны
avamnı
аваларымны
avalarımnı
Dative авамга
avamga
аваларымга
avalarımga
Locative авамда
avamda
аваларымда
avalarımda
Ablative авамдан
avamdan
аваларымдан
avalarımdan
Prolative I авамже
avamje
аваларымже
avalarımje
Prolative II авамдыва
avamdıva
аваларымдыва
avalarımdıva