باد

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See also: پاد

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ب ي د(b-y-d).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

بَادَ (bāda) I, non-past يَبِيدُ‎‎ (yabīdu)

  1. to perish, to die, to become extinct
    Synonyms: فَنِيَ(faniya), هَلَكَ(halaka), زَهَقَ(zahaqa), زَالَ(zāla)
    Antonyms: بَقِيَ(baqiya), دَامَ(dāma)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 18:35:
      وَدَخَلَ جَنَّتَهُ وَهُوَ ظَالِمٌ لِّنَفْسِهِ قَالَ مَا أَظُنُّ أَن تَبِيدَ هَٰذِهِ أَبَدًا
      wadaḵala jannatahu wahuwa ẓālimun llinafsihi qāla mā ʾaẓunnu ʾan tabīda hāḏihi ʾabadan
      And he entered his garden while he was unjust to himself. He said, "I do not think that this will perish - ever.
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Derived from the active participle of بَدَا(badā, to appear) from the root ب د و(b-d-w).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

بَادٍ (bādin) (informal بَادِي(bādī), feminine بَادِيَة(bādiya), masculine plural بَادُونَ(bādūna) or بُدَاة(budāh))

  1. apparent, evident, obvious, plain, visible
  2. inhabiting the desert
Declension[edit]

Pashto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian باد(bâd). Doublet of وو().

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

باد (bâdm

  1. wind

Further reading[edit]

  • Raverty, H. G. (1867), “باد”, in A dictionary of the Puk'hto, Pus'hto, or language of the Afghans: with remarks on the originality of the language, and its affinity to other oriental tongues, London: Williams & Nortgate

Persian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian wād, from Proto-Iranian *HwáHatah, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *HwáHatas, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wéh₁n̥ts (wind).

Noun[edit]

Dari باد
Iranian Persian
Tajik бод (bod)

باد (bâd)

  1. wind
    باد شرق‎ ― bâd-e šarqeast wind
    باد تند‎ ― bâd-e tondharsh wind
    سرو در باد ارتعاش داشت.‎‎
    sarv dar bâd erte’âš dâšt.
    The cypress trembled in the wind.
  2. air
    Synonym: هوا(havâ)
  3. (medicine) inflammation; swelling
  4. (medicine) windiness
  5. (colloquial) pride
    Synonym: غرور(ğorur)
    با باد و فیس‎ ― bâd o fiswith pride and haughtiness
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Indonesian: bad
  • Pashto: باد(bâd)

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortened form of بواد(bovâd), from Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (bawād), an old inherited subjunctive form.

Verb[edit]

باد (bâd)

  1. (poetic, literary) Third-person singular present subjunctive of بودن(budan), used in an optative sense
    شرم بر شما باد
    Šarm bar šomâ bâd!
    Shame be upon you!
Synonyms[edit]