پیر

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Baluchi[edit]

Adjective[edit]

پیر (pír)

  1. old

Gilaki[edit]

Noun[edit]

پیر (pe:r)

  1. father

Persian[edit]

Dari پیر
Iranian Persian
Tajik пир

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian [Term?] (pyl /⁠pīr⁠/, old, aged, ancient), from Proto-Iranian *paru- (ash-gray, pale gray, hoary), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *parHušás (gray); compare Sanskrit परुष (paruṣa, spotted, rough) and English pale.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? pīr
Dari reading? pīr
Iranian reading? pir
Tajik reading? pir

Adjective[edit]

پیر (pir) (comparative پیرتَر (pir-tar), superlative پیرتَرین (pir-tarin))

  1. old, aged (of living things; see also قدیمی (qadimi) for non-living things)
    Synonyms: (more respectful) مُسِن (mosen, elderly), (more formal) سال‌خورده (sâl-xorde, senior), کُهَن‌سال (kohan-sâl, very old, centenarian)
    آموزگارِ پیرâmuzgâr-e piraged teacher
    درختِ پیرderaxt-e pirold tree
Usage notes[edit]

When used with the words مرد (mard, man) and زن (zan, woman), پیر (pir) usually precedes them and forms compounds:

which are more common than مردِ پیر (mard-e pir) and زنِ پیر (zan-e pir)

Inflection[edit]
    Basic forms of پیر (pir)
bare پیر
(pir)
ezâfe پیر
(pir-e)
marked indefinite
or relative definite
پیری
(pir-i)
    Predicative forms of پیر (pir)
singular plural
1st person
(“I am, we are”)
پیرم
(piram)
پیریم
(pirim)
2nd person
(“you are”)
پیری
(piri)
پیرید
(pirid)
پیرین
(pirin)
3rd person
(“he/she/it is, they are”)
پیر است
(pir ast)
پیره
(pire)
پیرند
(pirand)
پیرن
(piran)
Colloquial.
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

پیر (pir)

  1. (Sufism) Pir, Sheikh
Descendants[edit]
  • Azerbaijani: pir
  • Bengali: পীর (pīr)
  • English: pir
  • Saraiki: پیر (pīr)
  • Urdu: پیر (pīr)

Etymology 2[edit]

From پدر (pedar).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

پیر (piyar)

  1. (dialectal, Harat) father

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edelʹman, D. I. (2020) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume 6, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, page 172

Saraiki[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit पद (pada, foot) + Middle Indo-Aryan -𑀭- (-ra-).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

پیر (perm

  1. (anatomy) foot

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persian پیر (pīr, old).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

پِیر (pīrm

  1. (Sufism) saint, mystic

Urdu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Sanskrit *पदर (padara), from पद (pada, foot).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

پَیر (pairm (Hindi spelling पैर)

  1. foot
  2. footprint

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persian پیر (pīr, old).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

پِیر (pīrm (Hindi spelling पीर)

  1. old man
  2. (Sufism) saint, mystic
  3. Monday
    Synonym: دو شنبہ (do-śanba)

See also[edit]

Ushojo[edit]

Noun[edit]

پیر (per)

  1. jinn, ghost