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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tiːms, *diːb): phonetic  ‎(OC *tjib) + semantic  ‎(earth)

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 土戈土 (GIG), four-corner 45104, composition)

  1. advance money, pay for another
  2. cushion

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 237, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5420
  • Dae Jaweon: page 476, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 477, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+588A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (5) (7)
Final () (157) (158)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/temH/ /dep̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/temH/ /dep̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛmH/ /dɛp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛmH/ /dɛp̚/
Li
Rong
/temH/ /dep̚/
Wang
Li
/tiemH/ /diep̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tiemH/ /dʱiep̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
diàn dié
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
diàn dié
Middle
Chinese
‹ temH › ‹ tep ›
Old
Chinese
/*[t]ˤ[i]m-s/ /*[t]ˤip/
English descend (place in Sìchuān, no pre-Hàn text)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 17279 17283
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tiːms/ /*diːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. pad, cushion, mat.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeom) (hangeul , revised jeom, McCune-Reischauer chŏm)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(điếm)

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