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See also:
U+854E, 蕎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-854E

[U+854D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+854F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 140, +12, 18 strokes, cangjie input 廿竹大月 (THKB), four-corner 44227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1057, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31946
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1520, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3292, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+854E

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *krew, *ɡrew): semantic (grass, plant) + phonetic (OC *krew, *ɡrew).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
𪍷

Compare Longchuan Achang tɕhauʔ⁵⁵, Tshobdun ʃɔ, Lhasa Tibetan བྲ་བོ (bra bo) (Blench and Post, 2014).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: kiou5 - Chaozhou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (30)
Final () (92)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiᴇu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚiɛu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiæu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/giaw/
Li
Rong
/ɡjɛu/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭɛu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ɛu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiáo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
kiu4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiáo
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjew ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)aw/ (no pre-Qín exx.)
English buckwheat (qiáomài 蕎⿆麥)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 10353
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrew/

Definitions[edit]

  1. buckwheat
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Hmong-Mien: *ɟæu

Etymology 2[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (92)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiᴇu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiɛu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiæu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kiaw/
Li
Rong
/kjɛu/
Wang
Li
/kĭɛu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɛu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
giu1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 10331
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krew/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (obsolete) spurge

Etymology 3[edit]

trad.
simp.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “related to ?”)

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 蕗蕎蕗荞 (lùqiáo).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. buckwheat

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyo) (hangeul , revised gyo, McCune–Reischauer kyo, Yale kyo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: Kiều; ướm kiệu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.