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====Readings====
 
====Readings====
  +
{{ja-readings
{{ja-readings|kanon=じょう|goon=にょう|kun=しげる-,きのこ-,たけ-}}
 
  +
|goon=にょう
  +
|kanon=じょう
  +
|kun=しげ-る, きのこ-, たけ-
  +
}}
   
 
====Compounds====
 
====Compounds====

Revision as of 07:26, 23 November 2017

U+8338, 茸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8338

[U+8337]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8339]

Translingual

Han character

(radical 140, +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿尸十 (TSJ), four-corner 44401, composition)

  1. soft, downy
  2. buds, sprouts

References

  • KangXi: page 1029, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30918
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1488, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3200, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8338

Chinese

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*njoŋ
*njis, *njoŋ
*njoŋ, *njoŋʔ
*njoŋ
*njoŋ, *njoŋʔ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (grass) +  (ear) – soft as the downy hair on an (animal’s) ear.

Pronunciation



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐuŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʐuŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /ʐuŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /luŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /iŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐuŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /vəŋ²⁴/
Xining /uə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʐuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /və̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʐuŋ⁵¹/
/vɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ioŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /zoŋ³¹/
Guiyang /zoŋ²¹/
Kunming /ʐoŋ¹/
Nanjing /ioŋ²⁴/
Hefei /iŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /zuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ʐũŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /zoŋ²³/
Suzhou /zoŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /zoŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /zoŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /yʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /in⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ioŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /in¹²/
Gan Nanchang /luŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iuŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒuŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /joŋ²¹/
Nanning /juŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /juŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /œyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zoŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zɔŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/ȵioŋ/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
róng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10854
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njoŋ/
Notes

Definitions

  1. soft and downy, pilose
  2. fine thin hair
  3. the pilose antler of a young stag

Compounds

References


Japanese

Kanji

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings

Compounds

Alternative forms

Kanji in this term
たけ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
Kanji in this term
きのこ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
Wikipedia-logo.png
 キノコ on Japanese Wikipedia

Etymology

(ki, tree) +‎ (no, attributive/possessive particle) +‎ (ko, child)[1][2][3][4]

Pronunciation

Noun

(hiragana きのこ, katakana キノコ, rōmaji kinoko)

  1. a mushroom

(alternative reading hiragana たけ, katakana タケ, romaji take)

  1. (chiefly Kansai or in compounds) a mushroom

References

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  6. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean

Hanja

(yong) (hangeul , revised yong, McCune–Reischauer yong, Yale yong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

(nhung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.