Appendix:Glossary of Christianity
Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
This is a glossary of Christianity.
- The superior or head of an abbey or monastery.
- (Roman Catholic Church) The exercise of priestly jurisdiction in the sacrament of penance, by which Catholics believe the sins of the truly penitent are forgiven.
- Life after death.
- A strict Anabaptist sect living mainly in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana.
- A member of a radical wing of Christians during the Protestant Reformation.
- A divine and supernatural messenger from a deity, or other divine entity.
- In the Roman Catholic Church and other churches, a senior bishop who is in charge of an archdiocese, and presides over a group of dioceses called a province.
- A follower of St Augustine, of his doctrines.
- To sprinkle or pour water over, or to immerse in water, as a spiritual cleansing process in the rite of Christian baptism.
- The Christian sacrament in which one is anointed with or submerged in water and sometimes given a name.
- A high ranking official in the Catholic church who governs a diocese, or a similar official in other denominations and religions.
- The Christian doctrines taught preeminently by John Calvin. Emphasis is placed on the sovereignty of God, and one distinctive of the system is its doctrine of predestination, which teaches that a special few are predetermined for salvation by God.
- The faiths, practices and doctrines of a Catholic Church, but especially of the Roman Catholic Church.
- A ritual with religious significance.
- People, such as ministers, priests and rabbis, who are trained to officiate at religious ceremonies and services.
- An ordained Christian minister.
- To baptize.
- A Christian house of worship; a building where religious services take place.
- A Christian religious organization, local or general.
- church service
- A formalized period of communal worship, often but not exclusively occurring on Sunday, or Saturday in the case of those churches practicing Sabbatarianism.
- The Christian world.
- The Christian holiday which celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ.
- A believer in Christianity.
- A monotheistic religion based on the teachings of Jesus Christ.
- (Roman Catholicism) The disclosure of one's sins to a priest for absolution. Now termed the sacrament of reconciliation.
- One who confesses to having done something wrong.
- One of a series of ostensibly religious campaigns by Christian forces from the 11th to the 13th century, mostly to capture the Holy Land from the Muslims who occupied it.
- Person engaged in a crusade.
- A class, or society of individuals, called by the same name; a sect; as, a denomination of Christians.
- A creature of hell.
- The chief devil; Satan.
- In Christian religions, a region administered by a bishop.
- Divine Liturgy
- The Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Eastern Catholic eucharistic service.
- A member of the religious order founded by St. Dominic.
- Of or pertaining to the church; as, ecclesiastical architecture.
- Pertaining to the Christian Church in a worldwide sense or of the desire to unite the denominations of the Christian Church.
- Of or relating to the affairs of a bishop in various Christian churches.
- The ceremony of Holy Communion. This meaning is synonymous with service of the Mass or Eastern Divine Liturgy.
- A monk or nun belonging to the religious order founded by St Francis of Assisi.
- A member of certain Christian orders such as the Augustinians, Carmelites (white friars), Franciscans (grey friars) or the Dominicans (black friars).
- A child whose baptism is sponsored by a godparent.
- The person who stood for a child during a naming ceremony or baptism.
- The first section of the Christian New Testament scripture, comprising the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, concerned with the life, death, and teachings of Jesus.
- The paradise of the afterlife in certain religions, considered to be the home of the god or gods of those religions.
- The place where devils live and where sinners are punished after death.
- Holy Communion
- A Christian sacrament commemorating the Last Supper of Christ.
- A memeber of a communal branch of Anabaptists who, like the Amish and Mennonites, trace their roots to the Radical Reformation of the 16th century.
- Jesus Christ
- A name for Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish man whom Christians believe to be the Messiah, or Christ.
- Lord's Supper
- In Christianity, the Eucharist.
- The system of beliefs and doctrines first developed by Martin Luther and his immediate followers.
- The principal liturgical service of the Church, including a scripture service and a eucharistic service, which includes the consecration and oblation (offering) of the host and wine. One of the seven sacraments.
- The Methodist Christian movement founded by John Wesley in 18th-century England.
- A group of denominations in the anabaptist movement in the Christian church.
- A person who is trained to perform religious ceremonies at a Protestant church.
- Place of residence for members of a religious community (especially monks).
- A male member of a monastic order who has devoted his life for religious service.
- The belief in a single god, deity, spirit, etc.; especially within an organized religion, faith, or creed.
- Religious, ideological, and cultural aspects of the various denominations of the "Latter Day Saint" movement.
- A member of a Christian religious community of women who live by certain vows and usually wear a habit.
- The beliefs and practices of the Eastern Orthodox Church, Greek Orthodox Church, Russian Orthodox Church, Serbian Orthodox Church, or of Orthodox Judaism.
- A very pleasant place.
- One under the direction of a confessor.
- A movement in the Lutheran church in the 17th and 18th centuries.
- The bishop of Rome; the head of the Roman Catholic church.
- To petition or solicit help from a supernatural or higher being.
- The specific words or methods used for praying.
- To give a sermon.
- Someone who preaches the gospel; a clergyman.
- A religious clergyman who is trained to perform services or sacrifices at a church or temple.
- Relating to the Presbyterian Church.
- The Protestant (rather than the Roman Catholic or Orthodox) Christian religion.
- A member of a particular Protestant religious sect.
- The beliefs and practices of the Puritans.
- An alternate name for the belief system of the members of the Religious Society of Friends, an ostensibly Christian religious denomination that began in England in the 17th century.
- A religious custom.
- A rite; a repeated set of actions.
- A sacred act or ceremony in Christianity. In Roman Catholic theology, a sacrament is defined as "an outward sign instituted by Christ to give grace."
- The Devil.
- A religious discourse; a written or spoken address on a religious or moral matter.