Oslo

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See also: oslo, osło, Ósló, and Osló

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Norwegian Oslo, from Old Norse Ósló, Ásló f or n. The first element is disputed, but is likely from ǫ́ss, áss (god; one of the Æsir), from Proto-Germanic *ansuz. Another theory is that it comes from áss (hill, beam), from Proto-Germanic *ansaz, but this is unlikely. The second element is  f or n (meadow), from Proto-Germanic *lauhō f, *lauhaz m (compare the suffix -ley in English place-names).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo

  1. A county and municipality, the capital city of Norway. Formerly called Christiania and Kristiania.
  2. A tiny city in Marshall County, in northwest Minnesota, United States.
  3. An unincorporated community in Vernon Township, Dodge County, Minnesota, United States.
  4. An unincorporated community in Indian River County, Florida, United States.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Afrikaans[edit]

Afrikaans Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia af

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Derived terms[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo m

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo n (related adjective osloský or oselský) or less commonly
Oslo n (indeclinable, related adjective osloský or oselský, demonym Oslan)

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Oslo in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • Oslo in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • Oslo in Internetová jazyková příručka

Danish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Norwegian Oslo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɔs.loː/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: Os‧lo

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo n

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Esperanto[edit]

Esperanto Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia eo

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈoslo]
  • Audio:
    (file)
  • Rhymes: -o
  • Hyphenation: O‧slo

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo (accusative Oslon)

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Holonyms[edit]

Estonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Faroese[edit]

Faroese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fo

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo ?

  1. (official) alternative form of Ósló

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Norwegian Oslo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈoslo/, [ˈo̞s̠lo̞]
  • Rhymes: -oslo
  • Syllabification(key): Os‧lo

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of Oslo (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative Oslo
genitive Oslon
partitive Osloa
illative Osloon
singular plural
nominative Oslo
accusative nom. Oslo
gen. Oslon
genitive Oslon
partitive Osloa
inessive Oslossa
elative Oslosta
illative Osloon
adessive Oslolla
ablative Oslolta
allative Oslolle
essive Oslona
translative Osloksi
abessive Oslotta
instructive
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of Oslo (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Osloni
accusative nom. Osloni
gen. Osloni
genitive Osloni
partitive Osloani
inessive Oslossani
elative Oslostani
illative Oslooni
adessive Oslollani
ablative Osloltani
allative Oslolleni
essive Oslonani
translative Oslokseni
abessive Oslottani
instructive
comitative
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Oslosi
accusative nom. Oslosi
gen. Oslosi
genitive Oslosi
partitive Osloasi
inessive Oslossasi
elative Oslostasi
illative Osloosi
adessive Oslollasi
ablative Osloltasi
allative Oslollesi
essive Oslonasi
translative Osloksesi
abessive Oslottasi
instructive
comitative
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Oslomme
accusative nom. Oslomme
gen. Oslomme
genitive Oslomme
partitive Osloamme
inessive Oslossamme
elative Oslostamme
illative Osloomme
adessive Oslollamme
ablative Osloltamme
allative Oslollemme
essive Oslonamme
translative Osloksemme
abessive Oslottamme
instructive
comitative
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Oslonne
accusative nom. Oslonne
gen. Oslonne
genitive Oslonne
partitive Osloanne
inessive Oslossanne
elative Oslostanne
illative Osloonne
adessive Oslollanne
ablative Osloltanne
allative Oslollenne
essive Oslonanne
translative Osloksenne
abessive Oslottanne
instructive
comitative
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative Oslonsa
accusative nom. Oslonsa
gen. Oslonsa
genitive Oslonsa
partitive Osloaan
Osloansa
inessive Oslossaan
Oslossansa
elative Oslostaan
Oslostansa
illative Osloonsa
adessive Oslollaan
Oslollansa
ablative Osloltaan
Osloltansa
allative Oslolleen
Oslollensa
essive Oslonaan
Oslonansa
translative Oslokseen
Osloksensa
abessive Oslottaan
Oslottansa
instructive
comitative

Derived terms[edit]

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo f

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo n (proper noun, genitive Oslos or (optionally with an article) Oslo)

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative Oslo
accusative Oslót
dative Oslónak
instrumental Oslóval
causal-final Oslóért
translative Oslóvá
terminative Oslóig
essive-formal Osloként
essive-modal
inessive Oslóban
superessive Oslón
adessive Oslónál
illative Oslóba
sublative Oslóra
allative Oslóhoz
elative Oslóból
delative Oslóról
ablative Oslótól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
Oslóé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
Oslóéi
Possessive forms of Oslo
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. Oslóm
2nd person sing. Oslód
3rd person sing. Oslója
1st person plural Oslónk
2nd person plural Oslótok
3rd person plural Oslójuk

Derived terms[edit]

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo f

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Anagrams[edit]

Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo ? ({{{2}}} declension)

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
Oslo, Norway. View from Ekeberg toward Grefsen.

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse Ósló, Ásló, first part from áss (a god in Norse mythology) + last part from (meadow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)
  2. Oslo (a city in Marshall County, in northwest Minnesota, United States)
  3. Oslo (an unincorporated community in Vernon Township, Dodge County, Minnesota, United States)
  4. Oslo (an unincorporated community in Indian River County, Florida, United States)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Oslo” in Store norske leksikon

Anagrams[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn
Bjørvika in Oslo, with the opera house and Barcode.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Åslo (obsolete)
  • Ósló (nonstandard spelling, dialectal)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse Ósló, Ásló f or n. The first element is disputed, but is likely from ǫ́ss, áss (god; one of the Æsir), from Proto-Germanic *ansuz. The name Ósló then comes from older *Ǫ́sló where the ǫ́ is nasalised (whence the -n- in Dutch Ansloo and Latin Ansloa), from Proto-Norse *ᚨᚾᛊᚢᛚᚨᚢᚺᚢ (*ansulauhu), from Proto-Germanic *ansuz (god, deity) + *lauhō f,[1][2] *lauhaz m (clearing, meadow). According to Sandnes and Stemshaug, the name has likely been around since before the first century.[3]

Another theory is that the first part comes from áss (hill, beam), from Proto-Germanic *ansaz, but this is unlikely, as there would be no explanation for ó- found in Ósló. The geologist Tom V. Segalstad has claimed that it comes from Old Norse ufs (steep mountainside), based on the Danicised spelling Opsloe.[4] However, this form was never used in Norwegian, and various borrowings have -n- to signify a nasal vowel, which ufs would not have.

Cognates include Faroese and Icelandic Ósló, Dutch Ansloo and (also Low German) Anslo, and Latin Ansloa, Asloa, Osloa (Latinisations).

Between 1624 and 1925, Oslo referred to the old town of Oslo, a mediaeval town that burnt down in 1624. When the city was rebuilt, king Christian IV of Denmark named the new city Christiania (later spelling: Kristiania) after himself. During the 1800s, various authors would begin taking the old name back and the city officially changed its name to Oslo in 1925. The location of the old town got the name Gamlebyen (literally Old Town), now a neighbourhood in the modern city.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /²uslu/, [ˈǔ̞s.lû̞], (Rogaland) [ˈû̞s.lû̞], (parts of Trøndelag) [ˈú̞s.lǔ̞]
  • (East Norway) IPA(key): /²uʂlu/, [ˈú̞ʂ.ɭǔ̞], [ˈú̞ʃ.l̠ǔ̞] (phonemic respelling: Orslo[5])
  • (Setesdal) IPA(key): [ˈou̯ːs.lou̯ː]
  • Rhymes: -slu, -ʃlu
  • Hyphenation: Ós‧ló, Ó‧sló

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo f

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)
    • 1912, Ivar Aasen, “Um Namnet Oslo”, in Skrifter i samling, page 204:
      Han berre klagar paa det, at Namnet sidan vardt burtskutlat, med di at Kong Kristian IV i Aaret 1624 «hadde det uheppne Innfallet at umbyta det eldgamle ærverdige Namnet Oslo med det nye, sjølvuppfundne og halvbarbariske Namn Christiania». [] Og detta er vel ogso den rettaste Synsmaaten.
      His [P. A. Munch’s] only complaint was that the name was later thrown away, as king Christian IV in the year 1624 “had the unfortunate idea of switching out the old honourable name Oslo with the new, self-invented and half-barbaric name Christiania”. [] And this is probably also the most correct way to look at it.
    • 2000, “Hytta I Oslo [Cabin In oslo]”:
      Folk kjøper seg hytta på Geilo og Gol. Dei vil stå litt på slalåm og slikka litt sol. Eg kjenne det krible, eg har eit begjær: Eg vil ha hytta i Oslo; det er der eg vil vær.
      People buy cabins in Geilo and Gol. They want to stand on slalom and lick some sun. I feel it tingle, I have a lust: I want a cabin in Oslo; there is where I want to be.
  2. (historical) a mediaeval town to the east of Bjørvika, now inside the modern city of Oslo, Norway
    Synonym: (modern name) Gamlebyen
    • 1900, Snorri Sturluson, translated by Steinar Schjøtt, Kongesogur [Kings’ sagas]:
      Kong Harald lét byggja ein kaupstad aust i Oslo, og sat der tidt; for de var godt for tilførst der, og de var rike bygdir umkring.
      King Harald had built a merchant town in the East at Oslo, where he often resided; for there was good supply from the extensive cultivated district wide around.
  3. ellipsis of Oslo bispedøme (Diocese of Oslo).
    bisp i Oslobishop in (the Diocese of) Oslo

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • Christiania, Kristiania (former names of Norway’s capital city)
  • lo (a meadow, often by the water)
  • ås (a god, one of the Æsir)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ásgeir Blöndal Magnússon (1989) Íslensk orðsifjabók, Reykjavík: Árni Magnússon Institute for Icelandic Studies, →ISBN
  2. ^ Alf Torp (1919) Nynorsk etymologisk ordbok, Kristiania: Aschehoug
  3. ^ Jørn Sandnes; Ola Stemshaug (1997) Norsk stadnamnleksikon, Oslo: Det Norske Samlaget, →ISBN
  4. ^ Tom V. Segalstad (17th February 2018), “Oslo het lenge Opsloe. Men hva betyr det?”, in Aftenposten[1]
  5. ^ Hanne Østli Jakobsen (21st January 2013), “Oslo, som i Orslo”, in forskning.no[2]

Further reading[edit]

  • Oslo” in Store norske leksikon

Anagrams[edit]

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo n (indeclinable)

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Further reading[edit]

  • Oslo in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • Oslo in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Norwegian Oslo.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

  • Hyphenation: Os‧lo

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Ȍslo n (Cyrillic spelling О̏сло)

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Declension[edit]

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Norwegian Oslo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo n (genitive singular Osla, declension pattern of mesto)

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Usage notes[edit]

  • It is sometimes also undeclined.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Oslo”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈoslo/ [ˈos.lo]
  • Rhymes: -oslo
  • Syllabification: Os‧lo

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo f

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Related terms[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo n (genitive Oslos)

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Oslo

  1. Oslo (a county and municipality, the capital city of Norway)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • Oslolu (a person from Oslo)