# User:BD2412/sandbox

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## SI units

Check: exbibit exabit

## Possible fractions

Set aside, under cover, until next day, then with a soft camel hair pencil brush lightly all the loose starch from the disc, and slide, so as to have none show except on the disc, then put a drop of turpentine on the disc, tilt the slide so that it is easily distributed, remove the excess with a strip of blotter, and carefully place a drop of warm balsam on the edge of the disc, the slide being slightly warmed, the balsam flows over the disc, examine for small air bubbles, remove with hot needle, if any, and then gently lower down edge of warm cover glass (I use a five eighth) to side of disc and let it slowly down on balsam; put under a light clip, and set aside, and if the right quantity of balsam has been used there will be very little cleaning necessary, next run a ring of some colorless cement around the edge, either gold size, hard oil, or King's cement, and when dry and hard, finish to suit the taste, though I still prefer the Brunswick black for my use.

I would like to propose the inclusion of a specific, limited set of seventeen written-out fractions. The reasons that I propose this particular set are as follows:

1. These are probably the most common fractions in use (particularly given the tendency to divide inches into eighths for measurement).
2. Many of these are fractions for which the numerical form is available in Unicode, particularly , , , , , , , , , , , and (See Appendix:Unicode/Number Forms).
3. I do not know if these exist as single-word forms in other languages, but I would not be at all surprised if at least some of them do.

The fractions I propose to include are in two groups:

Singular fractions from one half through one tenth:

Multiple fractions for thirds, fourths, fifths, and eighths:

I also propose adding the hyphenated form of each as an adjective form (one-half, one-third, etc.). I note that "one tenth" is often used in an idiomatic sense of asserting that person a is "not one tenth the man" (or other property) as person b. Cheers!

## istically

aggies over buffaloes groups.google.com/g/1fe7feef/t/.../d/7c1711830c34941f rec.sport.football.college - 65 posts - 27 authors - Jun 13, 1996 On a campus as analistically conservative and bible thumping as this one, they have to stick together.

delurk: bramble; little to no AR content groups.google.com/g/e687fef3/t/.../d/ff0c5cbbf4ac6f2c rec.music.tori-amos - 15 posts - 9 authors - Nov 25, 1996 Ambrose Bierce penned the following definition: [omitted to protect the punistically sensitive] Bierce, or any author, is an exception to the armistace because, well ...

Brotherly love groups.google.com/g/4a47feed/t/.../d/6fd6da46deb36315 alt.corel - 100+ posts - 19 authors - Nov 22, 2005 ... or use a phrase that is a double entendre or to "corrupt" a phrase punistically (as in the Bellamy Brothers' song, "If I Said You Had a Beautiful Body (Would You

The judge: Volume 70 books.google.com 1916 - Snippet view ... the filled-up philosopher, • *• funistically inclined, "

## ae

1. tibiofibulae

## wills, trusts, property

The law of wills, trusts and inheritance

## Chinese geography

The following are a list of administrative divisions of areas under the control of the People's Republic of China.

Others:

## Musical notes and notation

### Notes and rests

For the purpose of definition, the duration of the quarter note is represented by R, for "reference length."

 note duration rest longaAlso called a "quadruple whole". This value appears in early music.Duration: 16 R double whole note or breveAlso called a "double whole". Duration: 8 R crotchetAlso called a "quarter."Duration: 1 R quaverAlso called an "eighth."Duration: 1/2 R semiquaverAlso called a "sixteenth". Note the correspondence between the number of flags on the note and the number of branches or pawls on the rest.Duration: 1/4 R demisemiquaverAlso called a "thirty-second."Duration: 1/8 R hemidemisemiquaverAlso called a "sixty-fourth."Duration: 1/16 R quasihemidemisemiquaverAlso called a "hundred-twenty-eighth or "semihemidemisemiquaver."Duration: 1/32 R beamed notesbeams connect and emphasize quavers and shorter note values. dotted notePlacing dots to the right of the corresponding notehead lengthens that note's duration. One dot lengthens the note by one-half its value, two dots by three-quarters, three dots by seven-eighths, and so on. Rests can be dotted in the same manner as notes. multiple measure rest or multi-measure restIndicates the number of measures in a resting part without a change in meter, used to conserve space. This requires the performer to count carefully, preceding their next entrance. Also called "gathered rest" or "multi-bar rest".

pawl.

### Pauses

 breath markIn a score, this symbol tells the performer to take a short breath (or make a slight pause for non-wind instruments). This pause usually does not affect the overall tempo. For stringed instruments it indicates to lift the bow and play the next note with a downward bow. Caesura or Grand PauseIndicates a brief, silent pause, during which time is not counted. In ensemble playing, time resumes when so indicated by the conductor or leader. More commonly called "railroad tracks."

### Accidentals and key signatures

Accidentals modify the pitch of the notes that follow them on the same staff position within a measure, unless cancelled by an additional accidental.

 double flatLowers the pitch of a note by two chromatic semitones. flat-and-a-halfLowers the pitch of a note by three quarter tones. (Used in microtonal music.) flatLowers the pitch of a note by one semitone. demiflatLowers the pitch of a note by one quarter tone. (Used in microtonal music.) natural sign or naturalCancels a previous accidental, or modifies the pitch of a sharp or flat as defined by the prevailing key signature (such as F-sharp in the key of G major, for example). demisharpRaises the pitch of a note by one quarter tone. (Used in microtonal music.) sharpRaises the pitch of a note by one semitone. sharp-and-a-halfRaises the pitch of a note by three quarter tones. (Used in microtonal music.) double sharpRaises the pitch of a note by two chromatic semitones.

key signatures define the prevailing key of the music that follows, thus avoiding the use of accidentals for many notes. If no key signature appears, the key is assumed to be C major/A minor, but can also signify a neutral key, employing individual accidentals as required for each note. The key signature examples shown here are described as they would appear on a treble staff.

 flat key signatureLowers by a semitone the pitch of notes on the corresponding line or space, thus defining the prevailing major or minor key. Different keys are denoted by differing numbers of accidentals, starting with the leftmost, i.e., B♭, and proceeding to the right; for example, if only the first two flats are used, the key is B♭ major/G minor, and all B's and E's are "flatted", i.e. lowered to B♭ and E♭. sharp key signatureRaises by a semitone the pitch of notes on the corresponding line or space, also defining the prevailing major or minor key. Different keys are denoted by differing numbers of accidentals, also proceeding from left to right; for example, if only the first four sharps are used, the key is E major/C♯ minor, and the corresponding pitches on the staff are raised.

### Time signatures

time signatures define the meter of the music. Music is "marked off" in uniform sections called measures, and time signatures establish the number of beats in each. This is not necessarily intended to indicate which beats are emphasized, however. The same music marked off in measures of a different duration will sound precisely the same if properly played, but since music could be marked off in infinitely many ways, it makes sense to mark it off in a way that conveys information about the way the piece actually sounds, and those time signatures tend to suggest, but only suggest, prevailing groupings of beats or pulses.

 specific timeThe bottom number represents the note value of the basic pulse of the music (in this case the 4 represents the quarter-note). The top number indicates how many of these note values appear in each measure. This example announces that each measure is the equivalent length of three crotchets (quarter-notes). common timeThis symbol is a throwback to sixteenth century rhythmic notation. It once meant the equivalent of 2/4. and now means the equivalent of 4/4 (See imperfect time). cut timeIndicates 2/2 time, meaning only two beats per bar but written as four, also called Alla breve. metronome markWritten at the start of a score, and at any significant change of tempo, this symbol precisely defines the tempo of the music by assigning absolute durations to all note values within the score. In this particular example, the performer is told that 120 crotchets, or quarter notes, fit into one minute of time.

### Note Relationships

 tieIndicates that the two notes joined together are to be played as one note. This can also indicate a note sustained over two or more measures. slurIndicates that the two notes are to be played in one physical stroke, one uninterrupted breath, or (on instruments with neither breath nor bow) connected into a phrase as if played in a single breath.Slurs and ties are similar in appearance. A tie is distinguishable because it always joins exactly two immediate adjacent notes of the same pitch, whereas a slur may join any number of notes of varying pitches. legatoNotes covered by this sign are to be played with no gaps. Sometimes indistinguishable from a slur. glissando or portamentoA continuous, unbroken glide from one note to the next that includes the pitches between. Some instruments, such as the trombone, timpani, non-fretted string instruments, and the human voice can make this glide continuously, while other instruments such as the piano or mallet instruments will blur the discrete pitches between the start and end notes to mimic a continuous slide. ligaturelAlso known as a phrase mark. Usually appears in music for string instruments to indicate bowing. tuplet or tripletCondenses three notes into the normal duration of two notes. If the involved notes are beamed, the brackets on either side of the number can be omitted. This can be generalized to a tuplet, where a certain number of notes are condensed into the normal duration of the greatest integer power of two notes less than that number, e.g., six notes played in the normal duration of four notes. chordThree or more notes played simultaneously. If only two notes are played, it is called an interval. rolled chordLike a chord, except the notes are played in rapid sequence. Also known as a spread chord. (Compare arpeggio.)

### Articulation marks

Articulations (or accents) specify how individual notes are to be performed within a phrase or passage. They can be fine-tuned by combining more than one such symbol over or under a note. They may also appear in conjunction with phrasing marks listed above.

 staccatoThis indicates that the note is to be played shorter than notated, usually half the value, the rest of the metric value is then silent. Staccato marks may thus appear on notes of any value, thus shortening their actual performed duration without speeding up the music itself. staccatissimoIndicates a longer silence after the note (as described above), making the note very short. Usually applied to quarter-notes or shorter. (In the past, this marking's meaning was more ambiguous: it sometimes was used interchangeably with staccato, and sometimes indicated an accent and not staccato. These usages are now defunct, but still appear in some older scores.) accentThe note is played louder or with a harder attack than any surrounding unaccented notes. May appear on notes of any duration. marcatoThe note is played much louder or with a much harder attack than any surrounding unaccented notes. May appear on notes of any duration. Also called petit chapeau. pizzicato, left-hand pizzicato or stopped noteA note on a stringed instrument where the string is plucked with the left hand (the hand that usually stops the strings) rather than bowed. On the horn, this accent indicates a "stopped note" (a note played with the stopping hand shoved further into the bell of the horn). snap pizzicatoOn a stringed instrument, a note played by stretching a string away from the frame of the instrument and letting it go, making it "snap" against the frame. Also known as a Bartók pizzicato. natural harmonic or open noteOn a stringed instrument, denotes that a natural harmonic is to be played. On a valved brass instrument, denotes that the note is to be played "open" (without lowering any valve). tenutoThis symbol has two meanings. It usually indicates that it be played for its full value, without any silence between it and the next note, but with a separate attack (non legato). It can also direct the performer to give the note a slight accent. Combining a tenuto with a staccato yields a "portato," which indicates intermediate note-lengths, detached but not quite staccato. fermataAn indefinitely-sustained note or chord. Usually appears over all parts at the same metrical location in a piece, to show a halt in tempo. up bow or sull'arcoOn a bowed string instrument, the note is played while drawing the bow upward. On a plucked string instrument played with a plectrum or pick (such as a guitar played pickstyle or a mandolin), the note is played with an upstroke. down bow or giù arcoLike sull'arco, except the bow is drawn downward. On a plucked string instrument played with a plectrum or pick (such as a guitar played pickstyle or a mandolin), the note is played with a downstroke.

### Ornaments

Ornaments modify the pitch pattern of individual notes.

 trillA rapid alternation between the specified note and the next higher tone or semitone within its duration. Also called a "shake." When followed by a wavy horizontal line, this symbol indicates an extended trill, or running trill. mordentAn insertion of the semitone below the specified note within its value (this particular case can be called a "lower mordent"). Without the vertical line, the inserted semitone is above the specified note, and the ornament is known as an upper mordent. TurnAlso known as a gruppetto, combines an upper mordent and a lower mordent, in that order, into the specified note's value. If the symbol is reversed, the lower mordent is played first. grace noteAlso known as an appoggiatura, it means the first half of the principal note's duration has the pitch of the grace note (the first two-thirds if the principal note is a dotted note). slashed grace noteAlso known as an acciaccatura, it means the principal note's duration begins with the pitch of the grace note for only a very small part of the principal note's value.

### Octaves

 ottava altaNotes below the dashed line are played one octave higher than notated. ottava bassaNotes above the dashed line are played one octave lower than notated. quindicesima altaNotes below the dashed line are played two octaves higher. quindicesima bassaNotes above the dashed line are played two octaves lower.

### Pedal marks

These pedal marks appear in music for the piano.

 engage pedalTells the pianist to put the sustain pedal down. release pedalTells the pianist to let the sustain pedal up. variable pedal markMore accurately indicates the precise use of the sustain pedal. The extended lower line tells the pianist to keep the sustain pedal depressed for all notes below which it appears. The inverted "V" shape (/\) indicates the pedal is to be momentarily released, then depressed again.

### Repetition and codas

 tremoloA rapidly-repeated note. If the tremolo is between two notes, then they are played in rapid alternation. The number of slashes through the stem (or number of diagonal bars between two notes) indicates the frequency at which the note is to be repeated (or alternated). As shown here, the note is to be repeated at a demisemiquaver (thirty-second note) rate. In percussion notation, tremolos are used to indicate rolls, diddles, and drags. Typically, a single tremolo line on a sufficiently short note (such as a sixteenth) is played as a drag, and a combination of three stem and tremolo lines indicates a double-stroke roll for a period equivalent to the duration of the note. In other cases, the interpretation of tremolos is highly variable, and should be examined by the director and performers. repeat signsEnclose a passage that is to be played more than once. If there is no left repeat sign, the right repeat sign sends the performer back to the start of the piece or the nearest double bar. simile marksDenote that preceding groups of beats or measures are to be repeated. volta brackets (1st and 2nd endings)Denote that a repeated passage is to be played in different ways on different playings.

## Taxochem

anchor taxa, the taxa used to define a phylogenetic taxon or clade

## sum-of-parts

1. Functioning as a combination of smaller portions or elements.
Peter J. Curwen, Telecommunications Strategy: Cases, Theory and Applications (2004) p. 82:
With its share price trading at a discount of more than one-third to the notional sum-of-parts value, Mr Armstrong was besieged with demands that AT&T be split up..."

## Woman --> Women

Words for which the "man/men" variations exist, but not "woman/women":

## @

### Time terms

(Example: "After those tokes it took me a nanoeon to get to the grocery.")