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Counties of Estonia[edit]


Proper noun[edit]


  1. One of the fifteen counties that are the top-level subdivisions of of Estonia.

SI units[edit]

User:BD2412/SI units

Check: exbibit exabit

Possible fractions[edit]

I would like to propose the inclusion of a specific, limited set of seventeen written-out fractions. The reasons that I propose this particular set are as follows:

  1. These are probably the most common fractions in use (particularly given the tendency to divide inches into eighths for measurement).
  2. Many of these are fractions for which the numerical form is available in Unicode, particularly , , , , , , , , , , , and (See Appendix:Unicode/Number Forms).
  3. I do not know if these exist as single-word forms in other languages, but I would not be at all surprised if at least some of them do.

The fractions I propose to include are in two groups:

I also propose adding the hyphenated form of each as an adjective form (one-half, one-third, etc.). I note that "one tenth" is often used in an idiomatic sense of asserting that person a is "not one tenth the man" (or other property) as person b. Cheers!



Apr 13 2010, 5:32 am Orgasmistically delicious.

aggies over buffaloes - 65 posts - 27 authors - Jun 13, 1996 On a campus as analistically conservative and bible thumping as this one, they have to stick together.

delurk: bramble; little to no AR content - 15 posts - 9 authors - Nov 25, 1996 Ambrose Bierce penned the following definition: [omitted to protect the punistically sensitive] Bierce, or any author, is an exception to the armistace because, well ...

Brotherly love alt.corel - 100+ posts - 19 authors - Nov 22, 2005 ... or use a phrase that is a double entendre or to "corrupt" a phrase punistically (as in the Bellamy Brothers' song, "If I Said You Had a Beautiful Body (Would You

The judge: Volume 70 1916 - Snippet view ... the filled-up philosopher, • *• funistically inclined, "

To do[edit]

Lockpicking terms[edit]

IP terms[edit]


microreproductions microform microfilm microfiche microcard aperture card

Restaurant menu terms[edit]

Small "x"[edit]


  1. tibiofibulae

wills, trusts, property[edit]

The law of wills, trusts and inheritance

Chinese geography[edit]

The following are a list of administrative divisions of areas under the control of the People's Republic of China.


allotheism, allotheist, multitheism, multitheist, myriotheism, ochlotheocracy, hylotheism, misotheism, anthropotheism, atheology, astrotheology acosmism, animatism, anthropolatry, anthropomorphism, anthropotheism, anthropolater, anthropotheist, autotheist, cosmotheism, ditheism, dualism, dyotheism, heathendom, heathenism, heathenry, henotheism, idolatry, monolatry, myriotheism, pagandom, paganry, physicomorphism, physitheism, psychotheism, tetratheism, theopantism, theriotheism, tritheism, zootheism cosmotheist, ditheist, dualist, hylotheist, myriotheist, physitheist, psychotheist, tetratheist, theriotheist, tritheist, zootheist

Musical notes and notation[edit]


Notes and rests[edit]

For the purpose of definition, the duration of the quarter note is represented by R, for "reference length."

note duration rest
Music-quadwholenote.png longa
Also called a "quadruple whole". This value appears in early music.
Duration: 16 R
Music-doublewholenote.png double whole note or breve
Also called a "double whole".
Duration: 8 R
Music-quarternote.png crotchet
Also called a "quarter."
Duration: 1 R
Music-eighthnote.png quaver
Also called an "eighth."
Duration: 1/2 R
Music-sixteenthnote.png semiquaver
Also called a "sixteenth". Note the correspondence between the number of flags on the note and the number of branches or pawls on the rest.
Duration: 1/4 R
Music-thirtysecondnote.png demisemiquaver
Also called a "thirty-second."
Duration: 1/8 R
Music-sixtyfourthnote.png hemidemisemiquaver
Also called a "sixty-fourth."
Duration: 1/16 R
Music-hundredtwentyeighthnote.png quasihemidemisemiquaver
Also called a "hundred-twenty-eighth or "semihemidemisemiquaver."
Duration: 1/32 R
Music-beam.png beamed notes
beams connect and emphasize quavers and shorter note values.
Music-dotnote.png dotted note
Placing dots to the right of the corresponding notehead lengthens that note's duration. One dot lengthens the note by one-half its value, two dots by three-quarters, three dots by seven-eighths, and so on. Rests can be dotted in the same manner as notes.
Music-measurerest.png multiple measure rest or multi-measure rest
Indicates the number of measures in a resting part without a change in meter, used to conserve space. This requires the performer to count carefully, preceding their next entrance. Also called "gathered rest" or "multi-bar rest".



Music-breath.png breath mark
In a score, this symbol tells the performer to take a short breath (or make a slight pause for non-wind instruments). This pause usually does not affect the overall tempo. For stringed instruments it indicates to lift the bow and play the next note with a downward bow.
Music-caesura.png Caesura or Grand Pause
Indicates a brief, silent pause, during which time is not counted. In ensemble playing, time resumes when so indicated by the conductor or leader. More commonly called "railroad tracks."

Accidentals and key signatures[edit]

Accidentals modify the pitch of the notes that follow them on the same staff position within a measure, unless cancelled by an additional accidental.

Music-doubleflat.png double flat
Lowers the pitch of a note by two chromatic semitones.
Music-sesquiflat.png flat-and-a-half
Lowers the pitch of a note by three quarter tones. (Used in microtonal music.)
Music-flat.png flat
Lowers the pitch of a note by one semitone.
Music-demiflat.png demiflat
Lowers the pitch of a note by one quarter tone. (Used in microtonal music.)
Music-natural.png natural sign or natural
Cancels a previous accidental, or modifies the pitch of a sharp or flat as defined by the prevailing key signature (such as F-sharp in the key of G major, for example).
Music-demisharp.png demisharp
Raises the pitch of a note by one quarter tone. (Used in microtonal music.)
Music-sharp.png sharp
Raises the pitch of a note by one semitone.
Music-sesquisharp.png sharp-and-a-half
Raises the pitch of a note by three quarter tones. (Used in microtonal music.)
Music-doublesharp.png double sharp
Raises the pitch of a note by two chromatic semitones.

key signatures define the prevailing key of the music that follows, thus avoiding the use of accidentals for many notes. If no key signature appears, the key is assumed to be C major/A minor, but can also signify a neutral key, employing individual accidentals as required for each note. The key signature examples shown here are described as they would appear on a treble staff.

Music-keysigflat.png flat key signature
Lowers by a semitone the pitch of notes on the corresponding line or space, thus defining the prevailing major or minor key. Different keys are denoted by differing numbers of accidentals, starting with the leftmost, i.e., B♭, and proceeding to the right; for example, if only the first two flats are used, the key is B♭ major/G minor, and all B's and E's are "flatted", i.e. lowered to B♭ and E♭.
Music-keysigsharp.png sharp key signature
Raises by a semitone the pitch of notes on the corresponding line or space, also defining the prevailing major or minor key. Different keys are denoted by differing numbers of accidentals, also proceeding from left to right; for example, if only the first four sharps are used, the key is E major/C♯ minor, and the corresponding pitches on the staff are raised.

Time signatures[edit]

time signatures define the meter of the music. Music is "marked off" in uniform sections called measures, and time signatures establish the number of beats in each. This is not necessarily intended to indicate which beats are emphasized, however. The same music marked off in measures of a different duration will sound precisely the same if properly played, but since music could be marked off in infinitely many ways, it makes sense to mark it off in a way that conveys information about the way the piece actually sounds, and those time signatures tend to suggest, but only suggest, prevailing groupings of beats or pulses.

Music-timesig.png specific time
The bottom number represents the note value of the basic pulse of the music (in this case the 4 represents the quarter-note). The top number indicates how many of these note values appear in each measure. This example announces that each measure is the equivalent length of three crotchets (quarter-notes).
Music-commontime.png common time
This symbol is a throwback to sixteenth century rhythmic notation. It once meant the equivalent of 2/4. and now means the equivalent of 4/4 (See imperfect time).
Music-cuttime.png cut time
Indicates 2/2 time, meaning only two beats per bar but written as four, also called Alla breve.
Music-metronome.png metronome mark
Written at the start of a score, and at any significant change of tempo, this symbol precisely defines the tempo of the music by assigning absolute durations to all note values within the score. In this particular example, the performer is told that 120 crotchets, or quarter notes, fit into one minute of time.

Note Relationships[edit]

Music-tie.png tie
Indicates that the two notes joined together are to be played as one note. This can also indicate a note sustained over two or more measures.
Music-slur.png slur
Indicates that the two notes are to be played in one physical stroke, one uninterrupted breath, or (on instruments with neither breath nor bow) connected into a phrase as if played in a single breath.

Slurs and ties are similar in appearance. A tie is distinguishable because it always joins exactly two immediate adjacent notes of the same pitch, whereas a slur may join any number of notes of varying pitches.

Music-legato.png legato
Notes covered by this sign are to be played with no gaps. Sometimes indistinguishable from a slur.
Music-glissando.png glissando or portamento
A continuous, unbroken glide from one note to the next that includes the pitches between. Some instruments, such as the trombone, timpani, non-fretted string instruments, and the human voice can make this glide continuously, while other instruments such as the piano or mallet instruments will blur the discrete pitches between the start and end notes to mimic a continuous slide.
Music-ligature.png ligaturel
Also known as a phrase mark. Usually appears in music for string instruments to indicate bowing.
Music-triplet.png tuplet or triplet
Condenses three notes into the normal duration of two notes. If the involved notes are beamed, the brackets on either side of the number can be omitted. This can be generalized to a tuplet, where a certain number of notes are condensed into the normal duration of the greatest integer power of two notes less than that number, e.g., six notes played in the normal duration of four notes.
Music-triad.png chord
Three or more notes played simultaneously. If only two notes are played, it is called an interval.
Music-arpeggio.png rolled chord
Like a chord, except the notes are played in rapid sequence. Also known as a spread chord. (Compare arpeggio.)

Articulation marks[edit]

Articulations (or accents) specify how individual notes are to be performed within a phrase or passage. They can be fine-tuned by combining more than one such symbol over or under a note. They may also appear in conjunction with phrasing marks listed above.

Music-staccato.png staccato
This indicates that the note is to be played shorter than notated, usually half the value, the rest of the metric value is then silent. Staccato marks may thus appear on notes of any value, thus shortening their actual performed duration without speeding up the music itself.
Music-staccatissimo.png staccatissimo
Indicates a longer silence after the note (as described above), making the note very short. Usually applied to quarter-notes or shorter. (In the past, this marking's meaning was more ambiguous: it sometimes was used interchangeably with staccato, and sometimes indicated an accent and not staccato. These usages are now defunct, but still appear in some older scores.)
Music-marcato.png accent
The note is played louder or with a harder attack than any surrounding unaccented notes. May appear on notes of any duration.
Music-strong-marcato.png marcato
The note is played much louder or with a much harder attack than any surrounding unaccented notes. May appear on notes of any duration. Also called petit chapeau.
Music-pizzicato.png pizzicato, left-hand pizzicato or stopped note
A note on a stringed instrument where the string is plucked with the left hand (the hand that usually stops the strings) rather than bowed. On the horn, this accent indicates a "stopped note" (a note played with the stopping hand shoved further into the bell of the horn).
Music-snappizzicato.png snap pizzicato
On a stringed instrument, a note played by stretching a string away from the frame of the instrument and letting it go, making it "snap" against the frame. Also known as a Bartók pizzicato.
Music-harmonic.png natural harmonic or open note
On a stringed instrument, denotes that a natural harmonic is to be played. On a valved brass instrument, denotes that the note is to be played "open" (without lowering any valve).
Music-tenuto.png tenuto
This symbol has two meanings. It usually indicates that it be played for its full value, without any silence between it and the next note, but with a separate attack (non legato). It can also direct the performer to give the note a slight accent. Combining a tenuto with a staccato yields a "portato," which indicates intermediate note-lengths, detached but not quite staccato.
Music-fermata.png fermata
An indefinitely-sustained note or chord. Usually appears over all parts at the same metrical location in a piece, to show a halt in tempo.
Music-upbow.png up bow or sull'arco
On a bowed string instrument, the note is played while drawing the bow upward. On a plucked string instrument played with a plectrum or pick (such as a guitar played pickstyle or a mandolin), the note is played with an upstroke.
Music-downbow.png down bow or giù arco
Like sull'arco, except the bow is drawn downward. On a plucked string instrument played with a plectrum or pick (such as a guitar played pickstyle or a mandolin), the note is played with a downstroke.


Ornaments modify the pitch pattern of individual notes.

Music-trill.png trill
A rapid alternation between the specified note and the next higher tone or semitone within its duration. Also called a "shake." When followed by a wavy horizontal line, this symbol indicates an extended trill, or running trill.
Music-mordent.png mordent
An insertion of the semitone below the specified note within its value (this particular case can be called a "lower mordent"). Without the vertical line, the inserted semitone is above the specified note, and the ornament is known as an upper mordent.
Music-turn.png Turn
Also known as a gruppetto, combines an upper mordent and a lower mordent, in that order, into the specified note's value. If the symbol is reversed, the lower mordent is played first.
Music-appoggiatura.png grace note
Also known as an appoggiatura, it means the first half of the principal note's duration has the pitch of the grace note (the first two-thirds if the principal note is a dotted note).
Music-acciaccatura.png slashed grace note
Also known as an acciaccatura, it means the principal note's duration begins with the pitch of the grace note for only a very small part of the principal note's value.


Music-ottavaalta.png ottava alta
Notes below the dashed line are played one octave higher than notated.
ottava bassa
Notes above the dashed line are played one octave lower than notated.
Music-quindicesimaalta.png quindicesima alta
Notes below the dashed line are played two octaves higher.
quindicesima bassa
Notes above the dashed line are played two octaves lower.

Pedal marks[edit]

These pedal marks appear in music for the piano.

Music-pedaldown.png engage pedal
Tells the pianist to put the sustain pedal down.
Music-pedalup.png release pedal
Tells the pianist to let the sustain pedal up.
Music-pedal.png variable pedal mark
More accurately indicates the precise use of the sustain pedal. The extended lower line tells the pianist to keep the sustain pedal depressed for all notes below which it appears. The inverted "V" shape (/\) indicates the pedal is to be momentarily released, then depressed again.

Repetition and codas[edit]

Music-tremolo.png tremolo
A rapidly-repeated note. If the tremolo is between two notes, then they are played in rapid alternation. The number of slashes through the stem (or number of diagonal bars between two notes) indicates the frequency at which the note is to be repeated (or alternated). As shown here, the note is to be repeated at a demisemiquaver (thirty-second note) rate.

In percussion notation, tremolos are used to indicate rolls, diddles, and drags. Typically, a single tremolo line on a sufficiently short note (such as a sixteenth) is played as a drag, and a combination of three stem and tremolo lines indicates a double-stroke roll for a period equivalent to the duration of the note. In other cases, the interpretation of tremolos is highly variable, and should be examined by the director and performers.

Music-repeat.png repeat signs
Enclose a passage that is to be played more than once. If there is no left repeat sign, the right repeat sign sends the performer back to the start of the piece or the nearest double bar.
Music-simile.png simile marks
Denote that preceding groups of beats or measures are to be repeated.
Music-volte.png volta brackets (1st and 2nd endings)
Denote that a repeated passage is to be played in different ways on different playings.


anchor taxa, the taxa used to define a phylogenetic taxon or clade


==English== ===Adjective=== {{en-noun}}

  1. Functioning as a combination of smaller portions or elements.
    Peter J. Curwen, Telecommunications Strategy: Cases, Theory and Applications (2004) p. 82:
    With its share price trading at a discount of more than one-third to the notional sum-of-parts value, Mr Armstrong was besieged with demands that AT&T be split up..."

Woman --> Women[edit]

Words for which the "man/men" variations exist, but not "woman/women":


Time terms[edit]

(Example: "After those tokes it took me a nanoeon to get to the grocery.")

Anniversary terms[edit]

Amount of times terms[edit]

Frequency terms[edit]

Night terms[edit]