Wiktionary:About Korean

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Accessories-text-editor.svg This is a Wiktionary policy, guideline or common practices page. This is a draft proposal. It is unofficial, and it is unknown whether it is widely accepted by Wiktionary editors.

Entry layout[edit]

Note: This explains how the standard WT:ELE form applies to hangeul entries.

The following is a template for a standard (hangeul version) entry:

From {{ko-inline|말|mal|word}} + {{ko-inline|하다|hada|to do}}


# to [[speak]], to [[talk]]
#:{{ux|ko|한국어로 '''말하자'''!|Let's '''talk''' in Korean!}}

Details for Korean entry sections follow.


Alternative forms[edit]


Most Korean words are either native Korean or Sino-Korean words (from Chinese). For Chinese-derived terms, {{ko-etym-Sino}} helps format the etymology consistently and categorize the word appropriately. For native Korean words, {{ko-etym-native}} can be used, with an option to provide the first attested form.


Use {{ko-IPA}}.

(Part of speech)[edit]

The headword line should use one of the following:

Definitions and example usage follows the headword line.

===Part of speech===
{{ko-pos|part of speech}}

# definition

====Conjugation (for verbs and adjectives)====

To help searches find entries, conjugation templates should produce forms for each speech level:
* [[하소서체]] (e.g. 하나이다, 하시나이다): Extremely formal and polite.
*: Traditionally used when addressing a king, queen, or high official; now used only in historical dramas and the Bible
* [[하십시오체]] (e.g. 합니다, 하십니다): Formal and polite.
*: Used commonly between strangers, among male co-workers, by TV announcers, and to customers.
* [[하오체]] (e.g. 하오, 하쇼, 하시오): Formal, of neutral politeness
*: Spoken form only used nowadays among some older people.
* [[하게체]] (e.g. 하네, 하시네): Formal, of neutral politeness
*: Generally only used by some older people when addressing younger people, friends, or relatives
* [[해라체]] (e.g. 한다, 하신다): Formal, of neutral politeness or impolite
*: Used to close friends, relatives of similar age, or younger people; also used almost universally in books, newspapers, and magazines; also used in reported speech ("She said that...")
* [[해요체]] (e.g. 해요, 하세요): Informal and polite
*: Used mainly between strangers, especially those older or of equal age. Traditionally used more by women than men, though in Seoul many men prefer this form to the Hapshoche (see above).
* [[해체]] (e.g. 해, 하여, 하셔): Informal, of neutral politeness or impolite
*: Used most often between close friends and relatives, and when addressing younger acquaintances.

==== Usage notes ====
Detailed information about the usage or connotations of a word. Since Korean differs significantly from English, a word may require significant explication about how the sense of a word differs from its simple English translation.

* see [[synonym]]

* see [[antonym]]

====Derived terms====

====Related terms====
Terms related to this one linguistically, not necessarily derived from it. Derived terms are related terms so if you have both, you may wish to combine them under Related terms.

===See also===
* word of interest somehow pertaining to this one
* another word of interest

= Considerations about Korean language entries =

== Scripts ==
Korean is written in [[hangeul]] and [[hanja]] ([[CJKV]]) script. [[romanization|Romanizations]] ([[transliteration]]s into the Latin alphabet) are included in Korean entries to help readers whose native script is the Latin script, but romanizations of Korean do not meet [[Wiktionary:Criteria for inclusion]] as Korean isn't written in the Latin script. There are rare examples of loanwords from Latin script languages where the original Latin orthography is retained. For example [[PC#Korean|PC]] is not a "romanization", but rather a "[[loanword]]" from English, and used in actual Korean texts.

== Parts of speech ==
It remains to be resolved how Wiktionary should classify Korean parts of speech.  A suggestion is to follow the path set in [[Wiktionary:About Japanese]], i.e. to align the parts of speech listed here with to the common Korean way of teaching grammar. To support such classification, we may want to create templates for each part of speech, which could consistently link to an explanatory page with alternatives as to how to classify that part of speech.

The Korean Wiktionary (at [[:ko:분류:품사]], "Category:Parts of speech") and [[w:Korean parts of speech]] both list the following parts of speech:
* {{ko-inline|감탄사|gamtansa|interjections}}
* {{ko-inline|관형사|gwanhyeongsa|determiners}}
* {{ko-inline|대명사|daemyeongsa|pronouns}}
* {{ko-inline|동사|dongsa|verbs}}
* {{ko-inline|명사|myeongsa|nouns}}
* {{ko-inline|부사|busa|adverbs}}
* {{ko-inline|수사|susa|numbers}}
* {{ko-inline|조사|josa|particles}}
* {{ko-inline|형용사|hyeongyongsa|adjectives}}

[[w:Korean parts of speech]] also lists the following "major classes of words or morphemes" (somebody please confirm with a reliable source):
* {{ko-inline|지시어|jisi-eo|demonstrative}}
* {{ko-inline|접속어|jeopsogeo|conjunction}}
* {{ko-inline|어미|eomi|verb ending}}
* {{ko-inline|접두어|jeopdu-eo|prefix}}
* {{ko-inline|접미어|jeommi-eo|suffix}}

== Verb forms of nouns ==

Many nouns in Korean have a verb form that is created by simply appending [[하다]] (''hada'').  Because this type of verb is so closely associated with the noun stem, each form should refer to the other with the {{temp|also}} template used at the top of the Korean section, before the first listed part of speech.

== Han-geul, Romanization, and English translation ==
To accommodate the diverse needs and fluency levels of readers, each Korean phrase or term should be expressed in at least three forms: a hangeul version, a [[w:Revised Romanization of Korean|Revised Romanization]] version, and an English language translation. The additional verbosity is necessary to produce a general-purpose resource.  A template, {{temp|ko-l}}, exists for this purpose. The [[w:2000 South Korean Revised Romanization|2000 South Korean Revised Romanization]] is currently the Wiktionary standard. Others in use include [[McCune-Reischauer]] romanization and [[Yale]] romanization.

== Redirects ==
Unicode has two different code points for each individual jamo, and redirects can be added to send users who enter search for one code point to the lemma entry.

== Categories ==

[[:Category:Korean language]] is the root category in the Wiktionary category tree for Korean terms. All other Korean-related categories are ultimately within this category. Most Korean entries should be categorized in one or more of the more specific categories below. Individual words should only be in this top level category if they are ''about'' the Korean language (e.g. the entry for [[hangeul]]).

Words are categorized properly in the part of speech and script form categories automatically by the POS templates ({{temp|ko-noun}}, {{temp|ko-adv}}, and {{temp|ko-pos}}).  Other categories are set manually by adding <tt><nowiki>[[Category:...]], e.g. [[Category:Native Korean words]].

Regional Korean[edit]

Entries for specifically North Korean words are currently placed in Category:North Korean, South Korean words are currently placed in Category:South Korean.

See also[edit]