kivi

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See also: kíví and Kivi

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kivi, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kiwe. Cognate with Finnish kivi, Hungarian .

Noun[edit]

kivi (genitive kivi, partitive kivi)

  1. stone, rock
  2. (slang) cannabis

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia fi

(index ki)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kivi, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kiwe. Cognate with Hungarian .

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkiʋi]
  • Rhymes: -iʋi
  • Hyphenation: ki‧vi

Noun[edit]

kivi

  1. stone
  2. Any piece of stone which is larger than a grain of sand.
  3. A rock as a relatively small mass of stone projecting out of ground.
  4. boulder
  5. A general term for solid, mineral-based construction materials, such as brick, concrete or natural stone.
  6. (nautical, informal) An underwater rock which may be dangerous for seafarers.
  7. short form of jalokivi; rock, jewel
    Tässä kellossa on 17 kiveä.
    This clockwork is made with 17 jewels.
    Katso tuota kiveä hänen sormessaan!
    Look at that rock in her finger!

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kivi (Kotus type 7/ovi, no gradation)
nominative kivi kivet
genitive kiven kivien
partitive kiveä kiviä
illative kiveen kiviin
singular plural
nominative kivi kivet
accusative nom.? kivi kivet
gen. kiven
genitive kiven kivien
partitive kiveä kiviä
inessive kivessä kivissä
elative kivestä kivistä
illative kiveen kiviin
adessive kivellä kivillä
ablative kiveltä kiviltä
allative kivelleˣ kivilleˣ
essive kivenä kivinä
translative kiveksi kiviksi
instructive kivin
abessive kivettä kivittä
comitative kivineen

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

A large mass of stone projecting out of ground is called kallio. Also, if the stone mass is known or assumed to be part of bedrock, it's called kallio, even if the visible part is small. Similarly, if a large stone mass is known not to be part of bedrock, it may be called kivi or lohkare.


Karelian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kivi, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kiwe. Cognate with Finnish kivi, Hungarian .

Noun[edit]

kivi (genitive kiven, partitive kivie)

  1. stone

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Kivi (1) on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Kivi (1)
Wikipedia-logo.png
 Kivi (2) on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Kivi (2)

Etymology[edit]

Via other European languages, ultimately a borrowing from Maori kiwi, originally an onomatopoeic imitation of the bird's call. Originally the name of the bird, the English word kiwi soon became a term for people and things from New Zealand, and was thus also used, initially as a brand name, for the fruit, which is also from New Zealand.

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

kivi m (invariable)

  1. kiwi bird (a flightless bird (genus Apteryx) found only in New Zealand)
    kivi dzimtakiwi family (Apterygidae)
    kivi ir putni, kas dzīvo tikai Jaunzēlandē — the kiwi are birds that live only in New Zealand
  2. kiwi fruit (a Chinese gooseberry vine fruit of the genus Actinidia with hairy brown skin and dark green flesh)
    kivi ir subtropu auglis ar brūnu, pūkainu mizu un zaļu mīkstumu — the kiwi is a subtropical fruit with brown, hairy skin and green flesh
    kivi pēc formas atgādina olu — the kiwi is shaped like an egg

See also[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Maori kiwi

Noun[edit]

kivi m (definite singular kivien, indefinite plural kivier, definite plural kiviene)

  1. a kiwi (flightless bird native to New Zealand)

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Maori kiwi

Noun[edit]

kivi m (definite singular kivien, indefinite plural kiviar, definite plural kiviane)

  1. a kiwi (flightless bird native to New Zealand)

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

kivi m (Cyrillic spelling киви)

  1. kiwi fruit

Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

kivi (definite accusative kivii, plural kiviler)

  1. kiwi (animal)
  2. kiwi fruit

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kivi, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kiwe.

Noun[edit]

kivi (genitive singular kiven, partitive singular kived, partitive plural kivid)

  1. stone, rock

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • "камень" in Uz' venä-vepsläine vajehnik/Новый русско-вепсский словарь (Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ), Nina G. Zaiceva, Maria I. Mullonen, 2007.

Võro[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kivi, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kiwe.

Noun[edit]

kivi (genitive kivi, partitive kivvi)

  1. stone, rock
  2. mill

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.