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From Middle English recevere, receyvere, equivalent to receive +‎ -er. Compare Anglo-Norman receivour, recevor, rescaivour.



receiver (plural receivers)

  1. A person who or thing that receives or is intended to receive something. More formal, usually referring to one who receives such things as an award or medal.
    Synonym: recipient
    • 1850, Charles Dickens, "The Begging-Letter Writer", Household Words
      I, the writer of this paper, have been, for some time, a chosen receiver of Begging Letters.
    1. A trustee appointed to hold and administer property involved in litigation.
    2. A person appointed to settle the affairs of an insolvent entity.
      • 1961 October, “Talking of Trains: Last of the M.S.W.J.R.”, in Trains Illustrated, page 585:
        It took the name Midland & South Western Junction in 1884 and reached Cheltenham, with its M.R. connection, in 1891; but poverty continued - a receiver had been appointed in 1884.
      Synonyms: insolvency administrator, insolvency practitioner, liquidator, administrator, court administrator, trustee in bankruptcy
    3. A tax collector.
    4. A person who accepts stolen goods.
    5. Any of several electronic devices that receive signals and convert them into sound or vision.
      Antonym: transmitter
      • 1976, Boating (volume 40, numbers 1-2, page 152)
        The FCC says it decided to attempt standardization of VHF receivers after getting "thousands of complaints" from disgruntled boatmen who found their sets brought in mostly a lot of garble and static.
      1. A telephone handset.
      2. A smartphone earpiece.
    6. (American football) An offensive player who catches the ball after it has been passed.
    7. (tennis) A person who attempts to return the ball after it has been served.
    8. An element of a mechanical or other system or device designed to accept another element.
      1. (firearms) The part of a firearm containing the action.
      2. A vessel for receiving the exhaust steam from the high-pressure cylinder before it enters the low-pressure cylinder, in a compound steam engine.
      3. A capacious vessel for receiving steam from a distant boiler, and supplying it dry to an engine.
      4. (chemistry) A vessel for receiving and holding the products of distillation, or for containing gases.
      5. (chemistry) The glass vessel of an air pump in which the vacuum is formed.
    9. (finance) A swaption which gives its holder the option to enter into a swap in which they pay the floating leg and receive the fixed leg.

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