sec

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Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

sec

  1. (trigonometry) Symbol of the trigonometric function secant.
    Coordinate terms: csc, cot, arcsec
  2. (nonstandard) Symbol of second, an SI unit of measurement of time.

Usage notes[edit]

The standard symbol for "second" is s.

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sɛk/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛk

Noun[edit]

sec (plural sec or secs)

  1. (colloquial) Second, 160 of a minute. [from 1881]
  2. (colloquial) Clipping of second (short indeterminate period of time).
    Wait a sec!
    • 1881 August 27, “In Church”, in Supplement to the Manchester Weekly Times, Manchester, England, page 8:
      And the sloping of the shoulder / From the slender shapely neck / Makes you long to come behind her and to hold her / Just a sec.
  3. (colloquial, politics) Clipping of secretary.
    shadow sec

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Aromanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin siccus. Compare Romanian sec.

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sec

  1. dry
  2. barren, deserted

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin siccō. Compare Romanian seca, sec.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

sec first-singular present indicative (third-person singular present indicative seacã, past participle sicatã)

  1. to dry, dry up
  2. to exhaust, wither, drain, empty
Related terms[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old Catalan sech, from Latin siccus (dry), from Proto-Indo-European *seyk-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sec (feminine seca, masculine plural secs, feminine plural seques)

  1. dry (free from or lacking moisture)
    Synonym: eixut
  2. (of wine) dry (low in sugar)
  3. skinny
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Deverbal from segar (to harvest).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sec m (plural secs)

  1. fold
  2. groove
  3. wrinkle

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sec

  1. first-person singular present indicative of seure

Further reading[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French sec

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sec (used only predicatively, not comparable)

  1. (of wine) dry
  2. (figuratively) simple, plain, matter-of-fact, without adornment

Usage notes[edit]

  • The figurative sense is often used adverbially:
    Hij presenteerde de zaak sec en zonder emotie.He presented the case matter-of-factly and without emotion.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old French sec, from Latin siccus (dry), from Proto-Indo-European *seyk-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sec (feminine sèche, masculine plural secs, feminine plural sèches)

  1. dry
  2. dried, having had its moisture evaporated
    des abricots secsdried apricots
    du poisson secdried fish
  3. lean, thin, skinny
  4. (of alcohol) dry, unsweetened, not sweet, bitter
  5. (of a person) curt
    Désolé si j’ai été un peu sec.
    Sorry if I was a bit curt.

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: sec
  • Turkish: sek

Noun[edit]

sec m (plural secs)

  1. something that is dry
    • 1883, Louis Segond, transl., La Bible, Genesis 1:9:
      Que les eaux qui sont au-dessous du ciel se rassemblent en un seul lieu, et que le sec paraisse.
      Let the waters below the heavens gather in one place, and let the dry stuff (i.e. the land) come forth.

Adverb[edit]

sec

  1. sharply, abruptly, quickly, swiftly, briskly
    Les bouches buvaient sec et parlaient beaucoup.
    The mouths were eating quickly and talking a lot

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sěťi (to cut, chop).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sec impf (perfective pósec)

  1. to mow (cut something down)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Muka, Arnošt (1921, 1928), “sec”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • Starosta, Manfred (1999), “sec”, in Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch (in German), Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan sec, from Latin siccus (dry), from Proto-Indo-European *seyk-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

sec m (feminine singular seca, masculine plural secs, feminine plural secas)

  1. dry

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sēc (Anglian)

  1. Alternative form of sēoc

Declension[edit]

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin siccus.

Adjective[edit]

sec m (oblique and nominative feminine singular seche)

  1. dry (lacking moisture)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin siccus, from Proto-Indo-European *seyk-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sec m or n (feminine singular seacă, plural seci)

  1. dry
  2. barren, empty, deserted; also dried up
  3. (figuratively) missing or deficient in something, lacking; also useless
  4. (figuratively) dull, stupid, empty-headed
  5. (regional, Transylvania) skinny

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin siccus.

Adjective[edit]

sec m (feminine singular secca, masculine plural secs, feminine plural seccas)

  1. (Sursilvan) dry

Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sec

  1. dry (especially of white wine)

References[edit]