From Middle English staunchen (verb) and staunche (adjective), from Old French estanchier (“to stanch”) and estanche, origin uncertain, possibly from Vulgar Latin *stanticō (“to stop”), from Latin stō (“stand”). Compare Spanish estancar. See also staunch.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /stɑːnt͡ʃ/
Audio (RP) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /stænt͡ʃ/
- Rhymes: -ɑːntʃ, -æntʃ
- (transitive) To stop the flow of (something).
- A small amount of cotton can be stuffed into the nose to stanch the flow of blood if necessary.
- 1631, Francis [Bacon], “(please specify |century=I to X)”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. […], 3rd edition, London: […] William Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee […], OCLC 1044372886:
- Iron or a stone laid to the neck doth stanch the bleeding of the nose.
- 2019, Andrew McCormick, “What It’s Like to Report on Rights Abuses Against Your Own Family”, in The Atlantic:
- Beijing devotes immense resources to restricting access for and stanching scrutiny from international groups and reporters.
- (intransitive) To cease, as the flowing of blood.
- (transitive) To prop; to make stanch, or strong.
- To extinguish; to quench, as fire or thirst.
stanch (plural stanches)
- That which stanches or checks a flow.
- A floodgate by which water is accumulated, for floating a boat over a shallow part of a stream by its release.
- Strong and tight; sound; firm.
- a stanch ship
- 1679 August 2 (Gregorian calendar), John Evelyn, “[Diary entry for 23 July 1679]”, in William Bray, editor, Memoirs, Illustrative of the Life and Writings of John Evelyn, […], volume I, 2nd edition, London: Henry Colburn, […]; and sold by John and Arthur Arch, […], published 1819, OCLC 976971842:
- One of the closets is parqueted with plain deal, set in diamond, exceeding stanch and pretty.
- Firm in principle; constant and zealous; loyal; hearty; steadfast.
- a stanch churchman; a stanch friend or adherent
- 1689, Matthew Prior, an epistle to Fleetwood Shepherd, Esq.
- In politics I hear you're stanch.
- Close; secret; private.