rock

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Archived revision by MalafayaBot (Talk | contribs) as of 18:27, 28 November 2011.

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See also: Rock and rocks

English

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Pronunciation

  • (Australia) [ɹʷɔk]
  • (Received Pronunciation) Lua error in Module:IPA/templates at line 8: Language code has not been specified. Please pass the parameter "lang" to the template., Template:SAMPA
  • Rhymes: -ɒk
  • (US) enPR: rŏk, Lua error in Module:IPA/templates at line 8: Language code has not been specified. Please pass the parameter "lang" to the template.
  • (file)
  • Homophone: roc

Etymology 1

From Middle English rocke, rokke (rock formation), from Old English *rocc (rock), as in Template:ang stānrocc ("high stone rock, peak, obelisk"), and Old Northern French roc, roque (Modern French roche), both probably of Celtic origin. Cognate with Irish roc (rock), Breton roch (a rock).

Noun

rock (plural rocks or -)

Solid mineral aggregate (1)
A boulder (3)
A yellow diamond (7)
Several rocks of crack cocaine (10)
  1. Template:uncountable The naturally occurring aggregate of solid mineral matter that constitutes a significant part of the earth's crust.
    The face of the cliff is solid rock.
  2. A mass of stone projecting out of the ground or water.
    The ship crashed on the rocks.
  3. A boulder or large stone.
    Some fool has thrown a rock through my window.
  4. A large hill or island having no vegetation.
    Pearl Rock near Cape Cod is so named because the morning sun makes it gleam like a pearl.
    • Pearl, Wikipedia [1]
      The location is particularly well known for its Pearl Mountain or "Pearl Rock". This huge granite rock is formed by three rounded outcrops that make up Pearl Mountain and has been compared in majesty to Uluru (formerly known as Ayers Rock) in Australia."
  5. Template:figuratively Something that is strong, stable, and dependable; a person who provides security or support to another.
    • 1611, King James Bible, Matthew 16:18,
      And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
    • 1991, Robert Harling and Andrew Bergman, Soapdish, Paramount Pictures,
      Celeste Talbert: She is my rock, my right hand.
  6. Template:geology Any natural material with a distinctive composition of minerals.
  7. Template:slang A precious stone or gem, especially a diamond.
    Look at the size of that rock on her finger!
  8. A lump or cube of ice.
    I'll have a whisky on the rocks, please.
  9. Template:British A type of confectionery made from sugar in the shape of a stick, traditionally having some text running through its length.
    While we're in Brighton, let's get a stick of rock!
  10. (US) A crystalized lump of crack cocaine.
  11. (US) An unintelligent person, especially one who repeats mistakes.
  12. (South Africa, slang, derogatory) An Afrikaner.
  13. (US) In poker, an extremely conservative player who is willing to play only the very strongest hands.
Synonyms
  • (natural mineral aggregate): stone
  • (projecting mass of rock): cliff
  • (boulder or large stone): boulder, pebble, stone
  • (hill or island without vegetation):
  • (something strong, stable, and dependable): foundation, support
  • (distinctive composition of minerals):
  • (precious stone or gem): gem, diamond
  • (lump of ice): ice, ice cube
  • (confectionery made from sugar):
  • (crystalized lump of crack cocaine): crack
  • (unintelligent person):
  • (Afrikaner): Afrikaner
Derived terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2

From Middle English rokken, from Old English roccian, from Template:proto (compare obsolete Dutch (Holland) rokken, Middle High German rocken ‘to drag, jerk’, Icelandic rukka ‘to yank’), from Template:proto, from Template:proto-, from Template:proto- (compare Latin runcāre ‘to weed’, Latvian rũķēt ‘to toss, dig’).

Verb

rock (third-person singular simple present rocks, present participle rocking, simple past and past participle rocked)

  1. Template:transitive To move gently back and forth.
    Rock the baby to sleep.
    The empty swing rocked back and forth in the wind.
  2. Template:transitive To cause to shake or sway violently.
    Don't rock the boat.
  3. Template:intransitive To sway or tilt violently back and forth.
    The boat rocked at anchor.
  4. Template:transitive To be washed and panned in a cradle or in a rocker.
    The ores had been rocked and laid out for inspection.
  5. Template:transitive To disturb the emotional equilibrium of; to distress; to greatly impact (most often positively).
    Downing Street has been rocked by yet another sex scandal.
    She rocked my world.
  6. Template:intransitive To excel.
    This band rocks!
Synonyms
Antonyms
Derived terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun

rock (plural rocks)

  1. An act of rocking.
Synonyms
  • (act of rocking):
Translations

Template:checktrans

Etymology 3

Shortened from rock and roll. Since the meaning of rock has adapted to mean a simpler, more modern, metal-like genre, “rock and roll” has generally been left referring to earlier forms such as that of the 1950s, notably more swing-oriented style.

Noun

rock (uncountable)

  1. A style of music characterized by basic drum-beat, generally 4/4 riffs, based on (usually electric) guitar, bass guitar, drums, and vocals.
Synonyms
  • (style of music):
Translations

Verb

rock (third-person singular simple present rocks, present participle rocking, simple past and past participle rocked)

  1. Template:intransitive To play, perform, or enjoy rock music, especially with a lot of skill or energy.
    • Let’s rock!
  2. Template:intransitive Template:slang To be very favourable or skilful.
    • Chocolate rocks.
  3. Template:transitive to thrill or excite, especially with rock music
    • Let's rock this joint!
  4. Template:transitive to do something with excitement yet skillfully
    • I need to rock a piss.
  5. Template:transitive To wear (a piece of clothing, outfit etc.) successfully or with style; to carry off (a particular look, style).
    • 2011, Tim Jonze, The Guardian, 29 Apr 2011:
      Take today, where she's rocking that well-known fashion combo – a Tory Burch outfit offset with a whacking great bruise attained by smacking her head on a plane's overhead lockers.
Synonyms
  • (play, perform, or enjoy rock music):
  • (be very favourable or skilful): rule
  • (thrill or excite):
Antonyms
  • (be very favourable or skilful): suck
Translations
Derived terms
Related terms

Etymology 4

From Middle Dutch rocke (Dutch rok), Middle Low German rocken, or Old Norse rokkr (Icelandic / Faroese rokkur, Danish rok, Swedish spinnrock ‘spinning wheel’). Cognate with Old High German rocko ‘distaff’.

Noun

rock (plural rocks or -)

  1. Template:countable distaff
  2. Template:uncountable The flax or wool on a distaff.
Synonyms
  • (distaff): distaff
  • (flax or wool):
Translations

Anagrams


Dutch

Etymology

From English

Pronunciation

Noun

Template:infl

  1. rock (style of music)

French

Etymology

From English

Pronunciation

Noun

Template:fr-noun-unc

  1. rock (style of music)

Italian

Etymology

From English

Noun

rock

  1. rock (style of music)

Spanish

Noun

rock m (plural rocks)

  1. rock (music style)

Related terms


Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

rock ?

  1. a coat, an overcoat
  2. (music, uncountable) rock, rock and roll

Declension

Related terms

Synonyms