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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (eye) + phonetic  – an ability or an action of the eye.

Han character[edit]

(radical 109 +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 月山日女 (BUAV), four-corner 67032)

  1. eye
  2. eyelet, hole, opening

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 807, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23318
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1222, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2488, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+773C

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Yale ngaan5)


Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound of ma (eye) + no (genitive case) + ko (suffix). Initial ma is the unbound form of me (id).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana まなこ, romaji manako)

  1. the pupil; also, the eyes in general
    • c. 790: Daihannya-kyō Ongi (Ishiyamadera manuscript, page 34)
      眼晴 [...] 倭言麻那古

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1978, Hiroshi Tsukishima, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 3: Daihannya-kyō Ongi, Daihannya-kyō Jishō (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, ISBN 4-7629-3090-3:

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(an) (hangeul , revised an, McCune-Reischauer an, Yale an)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin yǎn (yan3), Wade-Giles yen3)

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhãn, nhản, nhởn, nhẫn)