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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 109 +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 月山日女 (BUAV), four-corner 67032)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 807, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23318
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1222, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2488, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+773C

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (eye) + phonetic  – an ability or an action of the eye.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Etymology 2.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (眼), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 山
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 五限切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɣɛnX/ /ŋănX/ /ŋɛnX/ /ŋɯænX/ /ŋəɨnX/ /ŋænX/ /ŋænX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wěn ‹ ngonX › /*ŋˤə[n]ʔ/ protrude as a knob
yǎn ‹ ngɛnX › /*[ŋ]ˤ<r>ə[n]ʔ/ eye

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3914 1 /*ŋrɯːnʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. eye
    (→ )
  2. to see, to view; to see ... in person
  3. to keep sight of, to monitor, to watch
  4. sight, vision
  5. to testify, to witness
  6. eyelet, aperture, hole, opening
  7. loophole, shortcoming
  8. bubbles of boiling water
  9. mesh
  10. key point, critical moment
  11. (Go) trap
  12. Classifier for springs, wells and ponds.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. protruding, bulging (like bulging eyes)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound of ma (eye) + no (genitive case) + ko (nominalizing suffix). Initial ma is the unbound form of me (id).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana まなこ, romaji manako)

  1. the pupil; also, the eyes in general
    • c. 790: Daihannya-kyō Ongi (Ishiyamadera manuscript, page 34)
      眼晴 [...] 倭言麻那古

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1978, Hiroshi Tsukishima, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 3: Daihannya-kyō Ongi, Daihannya-kyō Jishō (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, ISBN 4-7629-3090-3:

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(an) (hangeul , revised an, McCune-Reischauer an, Yale an)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhãn, nhản, nhởn, nhẫn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.