translate

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See also: translaté

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Middle English translaten from Classical Latin translatus, past participle of transferre, from trans- “across” + latus, "borne", "carried", irregular perfect passive participle of verb ferre “to bear”. Displaced native Middle English awenden (to change, translate) (from Old English āwendan), Middle English irecchen (to explain, expound, interpret) (from Old English ġereccan), and Old English ġeþēodan (to engage in, translate).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

translate (third-person singular simple present translates, present participle translating, simple past and past participle translated)

  1. (transitive) To change text (of a book, document, movie, etc.) from one language to another.
    Hans diligently translated the novel from German into English.
  2. (intransitive) To have a translation into another language.
    That idiom doesn't readily translate.
    "Dog" translates as "chien" in French.
  3. (transitive) To change from one form or medium to another.
    The renowned director could translate experience to film with ease.
    • Shakespeare
      Happy is your grace, / That can translate the stubbornness of fortune / Into so quiet and so sweet a style.
    • Macaulay
      translating into his own clear, pure, and flowing language, what he found in books well known to the world, but too bulky or too dry for boys and girls
  4. (intransitive) To change from one form to another.
    An excellent piece of writing will not necessarily translate well into film.
    His sales experience translated well into his new job as a fund-raiser.
  5. (transitive, physics) To subject (a body) to translation, i.e., to move a body on a linear path with no rotation.
  6. (transitive, archaic) To move or carry from one place or position to another; to transfer.
    • Evelyn
      In the chapel of St. Catharine of Sienna, they show her head — the rest of her body being translated to Rome.
  7. (transitive, Christianity) To remove to heaven without a natural death.
    By faith Enoch was translated, that he should not see death; and was not found, because God had translated him. Heb. xi. 5.
  8. (transitive, Christianity) To remove, as a bishop, from one see to another.
    Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, when the king would have translated him from that poor bishopric to a better,...refused. Camden.
    • 1792, Anthony à Wood, The History and Antiquities of the University of Oxford: In Two Books[1], volume 1, Oxford: John Gutch, OCLC 642441055, page 661:
      One hall called Civil Law Hall or School, flouriſhed about this time (though in its buildings decayed) by the care of the learned and judicious Dr. Will. Warham Principal or Moderator thereof; which he leaving this year (having before had ſeveral Deputies therein) becauſe of his preferment to the ſee of London, became void for ſome time. The year following the ſaid Warham was tranſlated to Canterbury []
  9. (transitive, obsolete) To cause to lose senses or recollection; to entrance.
    William was translated by the blow to the head he received, being unable to speak for the next few minutes.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of J. Fletcher to this entry?)
  10. (transitive, music) To rearrange a song from one music genre to another.
  11. (medicine) To cause to move from one part of the body to another.
    to translate a disease

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

translate (plural translates)

  1. (analysis) (in Euclidean spaces) A set of points obtained by adding a given fixed vector to each point of a given set.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

translate

  1. first-person singular present indicative of translater
  2. third-person singular present indicative of translater
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of translater
  4. first-person singular present subjunctive of translater
  5. second-person singular imperative of translater

Latin[edit]

Participle[edit]

trānslāte

  1. vocative masculine singular of trānslātus