губа

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See also: губя and гѫба

Belarusian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gǫba.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɣuˈba]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

губа́ (hubáf inan (genitive губы́, nominative plural гу́бы, genitive plural губ, related adjective губны́, diminutive гу́бка)

  1. lip

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • губа” in Belarusian-Russian dictionaries and Belarusian dictionaries at slounik.org

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *gǫba.

Noun[edit]

губа́ (gubáf inan (genitive губы́, nominative plural гу́бы, genitive plural губ, related adjective губно́й, diminutive гу́бка)

  1. (anatomy) lip
    Synonym: (diminutive) гу́бка (gúbka)
    У вас губа́ не ду́ра.U vas gubá ne dúra.You have good taste. (literally, “Your lip is not foolish.”)
  2. (chiefly plural) tip of certain instruments (e.g. forceps)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *gǫba. Probably in origin the same as Etymology 1 (where the sense "lip" developed figuratively from the original meaning "mushroom, sponge").

Noun[edit]

губа́ (gubáf inan (genitive губы́, nominative plural гу́бы, genitive plural губ)

  1. (botany, colloquial) polypore
    Synonym: гу́бка (gúbka)
  2. (obsolete, zoology) sponge
    Synonym: гу́бка (gúbka)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *guba (fold), action noun of *gъbnǫti (bend). Alternatively, per Vasmer, from губа́ (gubá, lip), originally "river mouth".

Noun[edit]

губа́ (gubáf inan (genitive губы́, nominative plural гу́бы, genitive plural губ)

  1. (geography, Northern Russia, Eastern Russia) bay or inlet of a sea or lake (usually at the mouth of a large river)
    Synonyms: зали́в (zalív), бу́хта (búxta)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Shortening of губва́хта (gubváxta), a corruption of гауптва́хта (gauptváxta).

Noun[edit]

губа́ (gubáf inan (genitive губы́, uncountable)

  1. (military, slang) stockade (prison)
    Synonym: гауптва́хта (gauptváxta)
  2. (military, slang) detention in a stockade (as a punishment)
    сажа́ть/отправля́ть на губу́sažátʹ/otpravljátʹ na gubúto confine to stockade
    Synonym: гауптва́хта (gauptváxta)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Per Vasmer, deverbal of губи́ть (gubítʹ, to destroy).

Noun[edit]

губа́ (gubáf inan (genitive губы́, nominative plural гу́бы, genitive plural губ)

  1. (historical) type of judicial district in Russia in the 16th and 17th centuries
Declension[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Proto-Slavic *gǫba

Noun[edit]

губа f (Latin spelling guba)

  1. leprosy

Ukrainian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

губа́ (hubáf inan (genitive губи́, nominative plural гу́би, genitive plural губ or губі́в, related adjective губни́й, diminutive гу́бка)

  1. lip

Declension[edit]

References[edit]