しまう

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Japanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

しまう (godan conjugation, rōmaji shimau, historical hiragana しまふ)

  1. to close
  2. to finish, to do something completely
  3. to put away, to put an end to

Suffix[edit]

しまう (rōmaji -shimau, historical hiragana しまふ)

  1. is, or was (with conjugation), done completely
  2. happens, or happened, unexpectedly
     (かの) (じょ) (おお) (さか) ()ってしまいました。
    Kanojo wa ōsaka ni itteshimaimashita.
    She just (up and went) to Osaka.
  3. is done with difficulty
  4. happens, or is done with regret afterwards
    あなたは (わら)われてしまうでしょう。
    Anata wa warawareteshimau deshō.
    You will be laughed at (and you won't like it).

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Appended to the conjunctive (-te form) of a verb.
  • しまう and しまう can be contracted to ちゃう and ぢゃう. These two forms conjugate like godan verbs and are often used in casual speech.
     (わす)ちゃったwasurechatta!Forgot it!
  • There are also ちまう and ぢまう, which sound old-fashioned.