漣漪

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: 涟漪

Chinese[edit]

ripple; tearful ripple
trad. (漣漪)
simp. (涟漪)
variant forms 漣猗涟猗

Etymology[edit]

Rebracketing of (OC *ren qral, “ripple + exclamatory particle”) in a verse of the Classic of Poetry (Hu, 2013), reinterpreted as if it is a lianmianci (unanalysable disyllabic morpheme):

坎坎河水 [Classical Chinese, trad.][▼ expand/hide]
坎坎河水 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
From: The Classic of Poetry, circa 11th – 7th centuries BCE, translated based on James Legge's version
Kǎnkǎn fá tán xī, zhì zhī hé zhī gān xī, héshuǐ qīng qiě lián . [Pinyin]
Kan-kan go his blows on the sandal trees,
And he places what he hews on the river's bank,
Whose waters flow clear and rippling.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (37) (34)
Final () (77) (13)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liᴇn/ /ʔˠiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɛn/ /ʔᵚiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljæn/ /ʔiɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lian/ /ʔjiə̆/
Li
Rong
/liɛn/ /ʔje/
Wang
Li
/lĭɛn/ /ǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯ɛn/ /ʔie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lián
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lián
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]a[n]/
English ripple; drip

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 7993 10016
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ren/ /*qral/

Noun[edit]

漣漪

  1. (literary or poetic) ripple

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
れん
Jinmeiyō

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 漣漪 (liᴇn ʔˠiᴇ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

漣漪 (hiragana れんい, rōmaji ren'i)

  1. ripple

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN