Wiktionary:Requested entries (Unknown language, Latin script)
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- agbayun - the name of a plant or fruit in an African language?
- ahna is Swabian (a German dialect) for grandmother.
- alonso (unit) = Unit of measurement in Formula 1. Equals 0.60 second/lap
- apage = perhaps it’s Greek άπαγε (God forbid) or απαγή (seduction, rape) or a misspelling of agape (religious sense from Greek)
- aqıl = Crimean Tatar.
- arap - some Kenyan language, common in names like Daniel arap Moi, probably means "son" or "from". Several names mentioned in Kericho.
- asaa - the name of a plant or fruit in an African language?
- aumgn could mean "Om" or "Amen" or "Holy". 220.127.116.11 18:54, 31 December 2012 (UTC)
- abain = noun, (in Mbesa, Kom, and Oku), meaning corn fufu
- bigim: Chagatai language; see . Many 4chan vandals are creating "bigim" entries lately, so having the real word would be good.
- b'jour, abbrev. of bonjour, interjection: English or French?:
- Boh Some sort of title in or around Burma - also bogyoke, should be Burmese ဗိုလ် or ဗိုလ်ချုပ် --Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 01:59, 16 March 2012 (UTC)
- bucardo -- one or more of Aragonese, Spanish, or English? (Spanish, for Pyrenean ibex)
- calinda - Spanish? Portuguese? (calinda is French and English, calenda is Spanish. It is a type of stick-fighting that is popular in Trinidad.)
- casiloco (also knows as cassies) not sure if it is spelt correctly. a type of music. want to know what types of music casilocos are.
- cham apparently used in English in Malaysia for a drink of tea and coffee mixed together, comes from Hokkien
- cherdash This word can be found in The Journal of Leo Tolstoy at wikisourse (http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Journal_of_Leo_Tolstoy) in a paragraph that references music, so it could possibly be a musical style. ("What relief all would feel who are locked up in a concert-room listening to Beethoven's last works, if a jig or a cherdash or something similar would be played for them.") But what kind or where from... who would know. (ANSWER: I believe this is чердаш, more properly and commonly чардаш, from Hungarian csárdás from Turkish çardak [balcony], English csardas/w:csardas. —Stephen 20:50, 6 March 2009 (UTC))
- Colel Possibly Hebrew, numerological term meaning something like "close enough"? ANSWER: My guess is that this is כלל (to make whole), related to כול/כל (all/whole).—This comment was unsigned.← the word is כולל, and it is the masculine, singular present tense of the paal-construction verb with triliteral root כ-ל-ל, whose lemma entry should be at כלל; it means, roughly, "(he/I/it/you) include"; therefore, it's also a noun meaning, roughly, "one who includes". In numerology (more specifically, gematria), it's used to refer to the entire word under discussion; thus, the word כלל has value 80 (because כ has 20 and each ל has 30), but im hakolel ("with the word"), it has value 81 (1 being added for the kolel, the word). This word כולל is also used nowadays to refer to an organization that provides stipends for people (typically married men) to study and teach religious studies.—msh210℠ 20:35, 26 December 2007 (UTC)
- cps.: used in names of medicaments, particularly in homeopathy: “Spiritus Melisse cps.” — might be compositus, probably not only in homeopathy --MaEr 20:22, 26 February 2011 (UTC)
- damğa -- Turkish or another Turkic language, possibly Central Asian (ANSWER: Can’t be Turkish, because ğ can only follow a vowel. Turkish does have damga, so if it’s a language related to Turkish, it might mean something like stamp, seal, signature, imprint, impression. Bulgarian has дамга, which is stain, blot, spot, or brand. —Stephen 13:50, 30 August 2008 (UTC)) // reply: looks like Azeri latin spelling of дамға -- Prince Kassad 17:16, 1 September 2008 (UTC) // reply: yes, I think you're right:
- disidia - to lay in ruins (originally added by an IP to the Latin requests; it does not appear to be Latin. --EncycloPetey 18:57, 18 June 2009 (UTC))
- doggis (Old English?)
- doron (Could be Japanese どろん, absconding; or it could be Hebrew דורון, gift. —Stephen 10:04, 18 May 2007 (UTC))
- Deinde Scriptum (DS,Ds or D.S.) - usually written at end of a letter, after the P.S. which stands for Post Scriptum. But what is Deinde Scriptum actually? (deinde is Latin de + inde and means "from that place" and also "thereafter", "thereupon", "then", or "next". —Stephen 13:59, 16 July 2007 (UTC))
- No, DS comes from a Swedish habbit of writing DS after PS. DS means "densamme", which can be translated to "the same", or "the same as the author" of the original text before PS. It has somehow migrated to English letterwriting.
- DS is used to end a letter and means "termination of the letter". The D in DS comes from Lat. "definire" meaning "to limit" or "to terminate".
- django - a Romany term, meaning "I awake". Specific Romany Dialect unsure.
- duale tantum & its plural dualia tantum: Latin? English?
- caveat ludor - something with player or warning?
- Enshala - Arabic - Meaning "If god is willing" (That would be إن شاء الله, inshallah. —Stephen 22:17, 11 June 2008 (UTC))
- enherite enheriter - Old French or Old English
- eppheta / ephpheta - Mark 7:34 "And looking up to heaven, he sighed, and saith unto him, Ephphatha, that is, Be opened" Aramaic?
- exintero, exinterare, exinteravi, exinteratus - Latin - Meaning "to gut" - Source: Petronius' Satyricon, "'porcus hic non est interatus?'...'his debet esse servus nequissimus. num quis potest oblivisci porcum exinterare?'" / Also, defined at the Perseus Project.
- fagala Used in the movie "don't mess with the Zohan" Maybe hebrew? (You probably mean פייגעלע (feygele), (feigele, faygele). —Stephen (Talk) 00:19, 18 October 2013 (UTC))
- I never saw the film, but this is likely feygele (pardon my probably nonstandard transliteration of Yiddish), literally "birdie", but commonly (but I think derogatorily) "homosexual man". I don't know how to spell it in Yiddish (though of course it uses Hebrew script), nor whether it has entered English.—msh210℠ (talk) 16:14, 7 July 2010 (UTC)
- This word was also used in the first season of "Soap". Directed at the character Jodie Dallas (Billy Crystal), it was clearly implied to mean "homosexual".
- Fårö -- Swedish or Gutnish? Possibly English too I suppose. — hippietrail 01:10, 25 June 2009 (UTC) (It’s both English and Swedish for the name of an island. Gutnish is Faroy. —Stephen 04:43, 25 June 2009 (UTC))
- ferendæ sententiæ, ferendae sententiae -- probably both Latin and English
- ferlytsingswurd -- West Frisian for diminutive? -- yes, see example:  --MaEr (talk) 18:22, 6 December 2012 (UTC)
- gabutha - (Gamilaraay language)
- gawonisgv (Cherokee: ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬ (gawonisgv, “talk, talking, speaking”) —Stephen (Talk) 16:57, 19 January 2011 (UTC))
- gorbuscha - as in "Oncorhynchus gorbuscha" (pink salmon) - you mean Russian горбуша, meaning the pink salmon. --Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 02:04, 16 March 2012 (UTC)
- gueuloir - surely French, but also English? -- Yelling place, bawling place, bellowing place. —Stephen 16:27, 12 January 2007 (UTC)
- guilloché - French or English or both? (French, meaning "with geometric patterns cut in a rotating metal surface with a stationary cutting tool called a rose engine", from fr:guillocher, to engine-turn. —Stephen 20:37, 15 April 2010 (UTC))
- gurkhan / Gurkhan - an Altaic? title. Probably an English word in this spelling with variants in other languages?
- gyrovagi - Latin? Italian? (It’s Late Latin, plural of gyrovagus, or "strolling about". —Stephen 10:09, 18 May 2007 (UTC))
- gyula -- English or Hungarian or Old Hungarian? (Gyula is a Hungarian town, so also English for that town)
- Gryph or griff- possibly mean eagle or bird in an other language. Derived from Griffon and Hippogryph. Need link to other names of other creatures in the language. (Do you mean the griffon, or perhaps the griffon vulture? —Stephen 03:22, 3 December 2009 (UTC))
- hib - Levantine Arabic (several different possibilities, including Template:ARchar, darling). See 
- Hobbelig - Dutch: Bumpy
- imphm, imph'm -- Scots? (it was a spelling that was used in Scotland but I don’t know if they still use it. It means mmhmm or uh huh. —Stephen (Talk) 19:31, 7 October 2011 (UTC))
- is mise le meas It's Irish, but I'm including it here as a borrowed term that is very commonly put at the end of a letter written in English.
- jashivgar -- used by Michael Chabon: 
- Juhuri - Language used by the Mountain Jews, similar to Farsi with Aramaic and Hebrew qualities.
- kalis -- a type of double-edged Filipino sword, often with a "wavy" section, similar to a kris: Which languages? Filipino, Tagalog, English?
- kapitulieren German, probably "to surrender".
- kasundi Bengali? A (relish/chutney-like?) sauce.--Person12 (talk) 00:58, 20 July 2013 (UTC) (ANSWER: Yes, Bengali...কাসুন্দি means pickle.) (REPLY: That's great, would it be possible to have a redirect page to this for "kasundi"?--Person12 (talk) 04:37, 26 July 2013 (UTC))
- katsa -- English or really just Hebrew? (I believe it’s קצ״א or קצ"א, an abbreviation of קצין איסוף (“collection officer”). —Stephen 09:19, 1 March 2010 (UTC))
- kende (or kündü). English or Hungarian or maybe Old Hungarian?
- kenž -- Lower Sorbian for some?
- khaki kutta (from Punjabi or Urdu? poss used in Indian English?): apparently "A Derogatory term used for police constables in Pakistan and India literally meaning Brown or Khaki Dog. Derived from the Khaki colour of their uniform which resembles the colour of common street dogs often found in Pakistan and India. This term is often used for crooked or unreasonable policemen."
- kibbel kabbel Germanic? A game similar to kennetjie. Andrew massyn 19:44, 8 October 2006 (UTC)
- Kokoszka, Kokoschka, Kokoska - seems to be a Polish, German, and Hungarian surname. But which is the original and what does it mean literally? — hippietrail 14:33, 22 October 2009 (UTC) (ANSWER: kokoszka is Polish for the common moorhen (w:Gallinula chloropus). —Stephen 04:03, 23 October 2009 (UTC))
- kunik - the "Eskimo kiss" - one or more inuit language, possible qualifies as a loanword in English?
- kupcia - Google suggests this is Polish
- kvääni or Kvääni - From yr.no site, language option in the upper right corner (see Vancouver forecast for example, possibly Finnish) - Amgine 17:53, 3 March 2011 (UTC) (ANSWER: It is w:Kven language. Finnish words do not start with a kv-. —Stephen (Talk) 12:10, 7 March 2011 (UTC))
- landay (traditional Pashto songs, or couplets, sung by women about their men)
- larrakitj -- from a Yolngu language of Australia. Originally a decorated bone coffin pole, now a type of artwork.
- latae sententiae, latæ sententiæ -- probably both Latin and English
- lateralus - perhaps you mean Latin lateralis --Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 02:06, 16 March 2012 (UTC)
- ledidi - the name of a plant or fruit in an African language?
- lochagi (ancient greek(spartan) officer) (In Classical Greek, this is λοχαγός, captain of a λόχος. —Stephen 15:24, 14 November 2007 (UTC))
- lochi (type of ancient(spartan) greek millitary grouping) (In Classical Greek, this is λόχος, a company of soldiers. —Stephen 15:24, 14 November 2007 (UTC))
- manakeesh -- some type of food ... This is Arabic مناقيش (w:manakish), meaning pastry.
- marrii - (Gamilaraay language)
- mezmerize -- This is an alteration of the English word mesmerize.
- mileusis - as part of the word keratomileusis. Think it is greek or latin for "to shape" (Greek κέρας + σμίλευσις = “horn carving”)
- Modderjoddes -- found in a book in German language as a sample of an "ungrammatical loanword" without giving further explanation, or which language the word is in. It is not German, but probably from some related language, like Norsk, Dansk, Frysk, etc. as other samples. It is likely a noun; could be the name of a place (unlikely) derived from a noun or very simple simple phrase or stub in another language. (ANSWER: That’s Kölsch, a dialect of German. It means "mother of God" (Mutter Gottes).)
- mon chéri -- French expression that litterally means "my cherished one" (for a man, use "ma chérie" for a woman). It's an affectionnate way of calling a loved one, kind of like "Sweetheart" or "Honey". (In Germany "Mon Cheri" is a brand of sweets, a brown chocolate cover with a cherry immersed in some pretty alcoholic liquid inside, about 2 x 1.5 x 1.8 centimeter)
- μόρα (Ancient Greek (Spartan) infantry division)
- Medhini (feminine) - female name
- momeli - a Romany term, meaning "candle", or "light". See - http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=D4IIi0Ha3V4C&pg=PA75&lpg=PA75&dq=momeli+and+candle&source=web&ots=Wl8eAuEtL2&sig=2EeqrQ7J8ZtBwTQPvKKJL1pO_oc&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result
- Is this (Morfeaux) a word??--18.104.22.168 03:27, 14 June 2009 (UTC) (I think it’s a typographical error for morceau. —Stephen 21:02, 14 June 2009 (UTC))
- moken, (austronesian which suggests a more eastern origin, more pacific) English Wikipedia had this on their reference desk. I have no idea what moken, means. --Knoblauch 20:53, 3 January 2010 (UTC)
- Nam Myōhō Renge Kyō or Namu Myōhō Renge Kyō or na-mu-myō-hō-ren-ge-kyō or Nam Myoho Renge Kyo or nam myoho renge kyo. See Nam Myoho Renge Kyo on Wikipedia sewnmouthsecret 20:23, 23 October 2008 (UTC)
- nevish Russian maybe? ... No, it’s not Russian. It appears to be Hebrew. I'm pretty sure I've heard nebish—maybe Yiddish? — Hippietrail 02:46, 1 August 2006 (UTC) Um, nebbish I think is what you meant. --Connel MacKenzie 08:02, 3 August 2006 (UTC)
- Noxçiyçö - probably Chechen for name of an unrecognized islamic state? (answer: it's Нохчийчоь and means "Chechnya". -- Prince Kassad 08:36, 30 March 2010 (UTC) )
- ol' lien - Lao-style ice coffee; black or with condensed milk - can't tell if it's Lao or French. — hippietrail (talk) 07:34, 9 September 2013 (UTC)
- pansophiae (Answer: Probably Latin pan-+sophia+-ae, from Greek πάνσοφος, "very wise, all wise")
- pas de Zephyr/pas de zephyr (term in ballet choreography, from the French pas de fr:zéphyr, it is a step where you stand on one leg while swinging the other leg fore and aft. —Stephen 19:48, 23 July 2008 (UTC))
- Pashtoon (more commonly Pashtun or Pakhtun, Persian پختون, an ethnic Afghan group living primarily in eastern and southern Afghanistan and speaking Pashto)
- pentekostyes (ancient greek(spartan) millitary grouping) (That woud be πεντηκοστύς, a division of 50 men. —Stephen 06:07, 27 May 2008 (UTC))
- Phædon used in 'Moby Dick', Chapter 35 'The Mast Head', "...who offers to ship with the Phædon instead of Bowditch in his head." (from Φαίδων, a Greek philosopher. —Stephen (Talk) 05:57, 3 April 2013 (UTC))
- physica ex machina Latin It was used by Adrian Stan at page 5 in Conserving Approximations in Nonequilibrium Green Function Theory (Ph.D. thesis), University of Groningen (2009), to single out a computational approach in the absence of a careful understanding of the method used and hence lacking a lucid interpretation. This syntax was translated therein as ”physics from the machine” it implied an allegorical relation with the expression ”deus ex machina” as used in Horace’s Ars Poetica. This statement is also meant to be generalized beyond its present connection to the field of physics.
- PuBuKad Ilonggo of both? Capitalised or not? ANSWER: It is an Ilonggo term which means "Pu for PULAW - , BU - Bugtaw -- Kayod sa adlaw - " well as New Latin. NOT capitalized. —Adonis 11:29, 26 December 2006 (UTC)
- prima materia or materia prima. Latin but are they now also part of the lexicons of English, Spanish, etc? (materia prima is Spanish for raw material. Don’t know about such usage in English. —Stephen 12:33, 6 February 2009 (UTC))
- Propommern - an old placename perhaps in the area around the German/Danish frontier? — hippietrail 03:09, 3 November 2009 (UTC) (sounds like a variation of Vorpommern, or Western Pomerania, Cispomerania, or Greek Προπομερανία. Pommern is German for Pomerania, which derives from по море (or the Polish equivalent), meaning "on/along the sea"; the prefix pro- means forward, anterior, near. Pomerania is the Baltic coastal region across northern East Germany to Poland’s Gdansk, and Vorpommern, or Propommern, refers to Western Pomerania, the German part of Pomerania. —Stephen 04:04, 3 November 2009 (UTC))
- Rapčan, surname. Language? -- Czech, I think. --MaEr 19:46, 22 February 2011 (UTC) Probably Slovak, possibly related to w:en:Rabča. --The Dark Defender 23:20, 2 June 2011 (UTC)
- rhamsan -- sphingan: extracellular polymer
- rìcht from Dutch Low Saxon
- Roig seem a Spanish/Catalonia word use follow names. (Answer: This is a Catalan name from the Catalan word roig, meaning red (haired or complexioned). The Spanish cognates are rubio and rojo. —Stephen 09:38, 30 March 2007 (UTC))
- rubio, in its current usage, means "blond" ¨Hekaheka 17:20, 27 July 2007 (UTC)
- sabacthani - Matthew 27:46 "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" (Aramaic, probably written אלהי אלהי למא שבקתני. —Stephen (Talk) 02:45, 7 September 2013 (UTC))
- sagol Kangjei- the original name of the horse polo (Language is from Meeteilon (Manipuri) it is originated from Manipur, NE-India
- sanamahism-name of Religion followed by the people originated from Manipur of NE-India,also called sanamahi Laining with few Gods and Godess i.e., Edudou Pakhangba,Lainingthou Sanamahi,Ema leimaren Sidabi,Ema Nongpok Panthoibi,Ema Emoinu etc.
- sung choy bao, various other spelling combinations. Looks to be Chinese though possibly not Mandarin. Then again people online seem to claim it's Thai or Vietnamese too. Lots of Google hits, no Wikipedia article. — hippietrail (talk) 12:12, 6 September 2013 (UTC) (Looks like 生菜包 (Mandarin: shēngcài bāo, Cantonese: sang1 choi3 baau1). —Stephen (Talk) 02:38, 7 September 2013 (UTC))
- saqqa - Levantine Arabic (Could be سقاء, water-carrier. —Stephen 14:31, 11 May 2007 (UTC)). See 
- sarta - something to do with: Dongxiang, Uzbekistan, Muslim traders in Central Asia.
- satmar (or Satmar?) = סאטמאר (Hebrew) —Stephen 16:11, 16 May 2009 (UTC). It could also be Yiddish or spelled סאטמר. Also maybe Hungarian Szatmár, Romanian Satu Mare.
- sayan, sayanim — English or really only Hebrew? (It’s Hebrew, סייענים, from סייע (“to help”). I think that is the correct spelling. —Stephen 09:07, 1 March 2010 (UTC))
- sgurr - seems to refer to mountains in Scotland, though I stumbled across it as a noun in a book -Oreo Priest talk 22:54, 31 May 2009 (UTC)
- side spouse significant other between friend and spouse, mistress, companion, confidant. --Adrienne Hampton (talk) 18:21, 20 July 2014 (UTC)July 20,2014
- sonuva - found in http://comics.com/monty/2009-08-23/ --22.214.171.124 21:53, 16 September 2009 (UTC) (ANSWER: it goes with the following @#$%*...it means son of a bitch. —Stephen 17:34, 17 September 2009 (UTC))
- sphingan, sphingans, sphingon or sphingons
- spodik - Jewish fur hat = ספודיק (Hebrew) —Stephen 16:11, 16 May 2009 (UTC)
- standplaas - Afrikaans? — probably cognate of Dutch standplaats --MaEr 15:57, 7 January 2011 (UTC)
- streya - listed as Papiamento for 'star' on the French Wiktionary.
- svinjokolj - croatian and/or serbian?
- svinjokolja - croatian and/or serbian?
- svinjokolje - croatian and/or serbian? (Not sure which language ... I can understand it, it means "pig slaughter". —Stephen (Talk) 02:53, 7 September 2013 (UTC))
- taami - the name of a plant or fruit in an African language?
- tau pok, taupok - a Peranakan dish in Singapore - but Peranakans don't have their own language so is this Malay, Singapore English, some variety of Chinese, or a combination? — hippietrail (talk) 11:12, 12 August 2013 (UTC)
- tcharkhatchi -- Arabic: night watchman? (Arabic does not have a "ch". If this is a word in some Arabic dialect, it would probably be "jarkhaji". The termination "-ji" is common in names of professions, but it presupposes a root جرخ, and that’s not Modern Standard Arabic as far as I know.). See  --- Could it have something to do with جركسي ? Not quite as transcribed, but possibly close enough. Means "Circassian" (and hence nightwatchman doesn't seem so unlikely, depending on the context). Paul Willocx 18:06, 14 January 2008 (UTC)
- "TFL" (see http://www.youtube.com/user/DarkSquidge) (it’s an abbreviation he made up to mean "Tales From Lincoln". —Stephen 02:39, 29 June 2009 (UTC))
- thang-ta (A form of martial arts using "The Art of the Sword and Spear" — is the traditional martial art of Meitei community of Manipur in Northeast India. It integrates various external weapons — the sword, spear, dagger, etc. — with the internal practice of physical control through soft movements coordinated with the rhythms of breathing. It is part of the great heroic tradition of Manipur.)
- tukdam (ཐུགས་དམ (thugs dam), mind-bond)
- But Dr Barry Kerzin, a physician to Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama, told the Siberian Times that the monk was in a rare state of meditation called "tukdam". — http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-31125338
- ukuba [Its meaning in all languages it can be found in.]
Vani - possibly related to Vanir, unsure if Vanir has any etymology links with English Vaneer, as in "A thin vaneer of vanity". Vanir may possibly be linked to Latin Vanus "empty" in the sense of Vanity, but I'm no expert. Can someone look into this? Also, although a name invented by Jonathan Swift, "Vanessa" may be linked to "Van" (Vanir) and "Blessa" (Icelandic - "Bless"), giving a meaning of "Blessed by the Van(ir)" or "Blessings of the Vanir". Can someone please look into this as well?
- verdof (Dutch? Netherlands?) No, it's not Dutch
- verdof could derive from the Limburgish verb li:verdoffe meaning to make something dull. For example: Ich verdof means I make something dull --Ooswesthoesbes 13:22, 8 September 2007 (UTC)
- Actually Dutch does have that verb verdoffen in the same meaning: to tarnish, to lose luster, but it is seldom used in the first person as it is impersonal het verdoft. However, Afrikaans does have the verb in this form: die glans verdof. It means to dim, to dullJcwf 01:39, 25 June 2009 (UTC)
- verdof could derive from the Limburgish verb li:verdoffe meaning to make something dull. For example: Ich verdof means I make something dull --Ooswesthoesbes 13:22, 8 September 2007 (UTC)
- Die pyn wanneer jy wegbreek van iemand wat jou nie liefhet nie is erg, maar mettertyd sal dit afneem en uiteindelik heeltemaal verdof.
- The pain when you break up with someone that does not love you is terrible, but in time this will subside and in the end it will dim entirely.
- did you mean verdoof, from the verb verdoven(deafen) ? (Dutch)
- Title Lewenspraatjies met 'n dogter: 'n ma se raad oor enigiets, van passie tot sukses
- Author Izabella Little
- Publisher Oshun, 2007
- ISBN 1770200118, 9781770200111
- The citation is Afrikaans, but "verdof" is Dutch too, see http://gtb.inl.nl/iWDB/search?actie=article&wdb=WNT&id=M075170 --126.96.36.199 01:34, 6 May 2013 (UTC)
- welan -> Limburgish: wele (to chose) compare German wählen --Ooswesthoesbes 14:20, 16 October 2008 (UTC)
- Wanzo – in Dogon and Bambara belief, an evil power, according to p. 103. of . However, I couldn't find a relevant term either in  or . It Is Me Here t / c 01:15, 23 March 2013 (UTC)