sürmek

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Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /syɾˈmec/
  • Hyphenation: sür‧mek

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish بولمك ‎(sürmek, to drive, drive away, banish, advance, sell in open market, circulate, continue, endure, extend), from Old Anatolian Turkish [script needed] ‎(sür-, to drive away, spend time, go ahead, advance (of time)), from Proto-Turkic *sǖr- ‎(to drive away), which, according to the controversial Altaic hypothesis, is possibly derived from Proto-Altaic *sū́ri ‎(to go away, drive away).[1]

Verb[edit]

sürmek ‎(third-person singular simple present sürer)

  1. (transitive) to drive (a vehicle); to push (a vehicle)
    Araba sürüyoruz.‎ ― We are driving cars.
  2. (transitive) to ride
    Bisiklet süreceğim.‎ ― I will ride a bike.
  3. (transitive) to send, exile, expel
    Sultan IV. Murat, Hezarfen Ahmet Çelebi'yi uçuşundan sonra bir kese altın verip Cezayir'e sürdü.‎ ― Sultan Murat IV gave Hezarfen Ahmet Çelebi a sack of golden coins and exiled him to Algeria.
  4. (transitive) to put (goods) on (the market); to put (money) into (circulation)
  5. (intransitive) to continue, go on, last to take a certain amount of time
    Bu sonsuza dek sürecek mi?‎ ― Is this going to last forever?
  6. (intransitive) to lead (a good life)
  7. (transitive) to plow (a field).
    Çiftçi tarlasını sürüyordu.‎ ― The farmer was plowing his/her field.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish بولمك ‎(sürmek, to rub on or against), from Old Anatolian Turkish [script needed] ‎(sür-, to rub), from Proto-Turkic *sür(-t)- ‎(to rub, smear), which, according to the controversial Altaic hypothesis, is possibly derived from Proto-Altaic *ši̯ŭ́re ‎(to rub, polish).[2] Cognate to sürtmek, see more cognates there.

Verb[edit]

sürmek ‎(third-person singular simple present sürer)

  1. (transitive) to rub something on something, to spread, rub, smear, apply
  2. (transitive) to butter
    Bir dilim ekmeğin üstüne tereyağ ve reçel sürdü ve âfiyetle yedi.‎ ― He/she buttered on a slice of bread butter and jam, and ate it with bon appetit.
Related terms[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Stem: sür

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*sū́ri”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  2. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*ši̯ŭ́re”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill