From Middle English sequestren (verb) and sequestre (noun), from Old French sequestrer , from Late Latin sequestrō (“separate, give up for safekeeping”), from Latin sequester (“mediator, depositary”), probably originally meaning "follower", from Proto-Indo-European *sekʷ- (“follow”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /sɪˈkwɛs.tə/, /səˈkwɛs.tə/
- (General American) IPA(key): /sɪˈkwɛs.tɚ/, /səˈkwɛs.tɚ/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɛstə(ɹ)
sequester (third-person singular simple present sequesters, present participle sequestering, simple past and past participle sequestered)
- To separate from all external influence; to seclude; to withdraw.
- The jury was sequestered from the press by the judge's order.
- 1594–1597, Richard Hooker, J[ohn] S[penser], editor, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie, […], London: […] Will[iam] Stansby [for Matthew Lownes], published 1611, →OCLC, (please specify the page):
- when men most sequester themselves from action
- To separate in order to store.
- The coal burning plant was ordered to sequester its CO2 emissions.
- To set apart; to put aside; to remove; to separate from other things.
- Synonyms: see Thesaurus:set apart
- a. 1627 (date written), Francis [Bacon], “Considerations Touching a VVarre vvith Spaine. […]”, in William Rawley, editor, Certaine Miscellany VVorks of the Right Honourable Francis Lo. Verulam, Viscount S. Alban. […], London: […] I. Hauiland for Humphrey Robinson, […], published 1629, →OCLC:
- I had wholly sequestered my thoughts from civil affairs.
- (chemistry) To prevent an ion in solution from behaving normally by forming a coordination compound
- (law) To temporarily remove (property) from the possession of its owner and hold it as security against legal claims.
- To cause (one) to submit to the process of sequestration; to deprive (one) of one's estate, property, etc.
- c. 1694, Robert South, sermon XXIV
- It was his tailor and his cook, his fine fashions and his French ragouts, which sequestered him.
- c. 1694, Robert South, sermon XXIV
- (transitive, US, politics, law) To remove (certain funds) automatically from a budget.
- The Budget Control Act of 2011 sequestered 1.2 trillion dollars over 10 years on January 2, 2013.
- (international law) To seize and hold enemy property.
- (intransitive) To withdraw; to retire.
- 1644, John Milton, Areopagitica; a Speech of Mr. John Milton for the Liberty of Unlicenc’d Printing, to the Parlament of England, London: [s.n.], →OCLC:
- to sequester out of the world into Atlantic and Utopian politics
- To renounce (as a widow may) any concern with the estate of her husband.
- sequestrable adjective
- sequestered adjective
- sequestrate verb
- sequestration noun
- sequestrator noun
sequester (plural sequesters)
- sequestration; separation
- c. 1603–1604 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Othello, the Moore of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act III, scene iv]:
- A sequester from liberty , fasting , and prayer
- (law) A person with whom two or more contending parties deposit the subject matter of the controversy; one who mediates between two parties; a referee
- (medicine) A sequestrum.
Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for sequester in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913)
- ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2023), “sequester”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
- ^ 1839. John Bouvier, Law Dictionary
From secus (“otherwise, beside”), following the model of equester and others.
- (Classical) IPA(key): /seˈkʷes.ter/, [s̠ɛˈkʷɛs̠t̪ɛr]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /seˈkwes.ter/, [seˈkwɛst̪er]
sequester m (genitive sequestris); third declension or sequester m (genitive sequestrī); second declension
- depositary, trustee (someone to take care of property while in dispute)
- agent of bribery, go-between
Usually: Third-declension noun.
Sometimes: Second-declension noun (nominative singular in -er).
- “sequester”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- “sequester”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- sequester in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
- English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
- English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *sekʷ- (follow)
- English terms inherited from Middle English
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- English terms derived from Late Latin
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- Rhymes:English/ɛstə(ɹ)/3 syllables
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