شجر

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See also: سخر‎, سحر, and ش ج ر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ش ج ر (š-j-r).

Verb[edit]

شَجَرَ (šajara) I, non-past يَشْجُرُ‎ (yašjuru)

  1. to turn away from, to avert
  2. to refuse, to keep off, to hinder
  3. to be disputed between
  4. to tie up, to chain (إِلَى (ʾilā) to)
  5. to prop up
  6. to support
  7. to open
  8. to force (an animal) to open the mouth (by pulling on the reins)
  9. to pierce
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

شَجَّرَ (šajjara) II, non-past يُشَجِّرُ‎ (yušajjiru)

  1. to plant with trees
  2. to afforest
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَجَر (šajarm (collective, singulative شَجَرَة (šajara), dual شَجَرَتَان (šajaratān), paucal شَجَرَات (šajarāt), plural أَشْجَار (ʾašjār))

  1. trees
    شَجَر (šajar) = trees (in general) (collective)
    شَجَرَة (šajara) = a tree (singulative)
    شَجَرَتَان (šajaratān) = two trees (dual)
    شَجَرَات (šajarāt) = 3 to 10 trees, some trees, a few trees (paucal, little plural)
    أَشْجَار (ʾašjār) = (kinds of) trees (big plural)
  2. shrubs, bushes
Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Nouns
Gerunds
Adjectives

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَجْر (šajrm

  1. verbal noun of شَجَرَ (šajara) (form I)
  2. object of dispute, disputed matter or question
Declension[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَجْر (šajrm (plural أَشْجَار (ʾašjār) or شُجُور (šujūr) or شِجَار (šijār))

  1. chin
  2. corner of the mouth, opening of the mouth
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “شجر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 394–395
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “شجر”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 2, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, pages 1192–1193
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “شجر”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary, London: W.H. Allen, pages 529–530

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic شَجَر (šajar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari شجر
Iranian Persian شجر
Tajik шаҷар (šajar)

شجر (šajar) (plural اشجار)

  1. tree

Synonyms[edit]