慈姑

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See also: 慈菇

Chinese[edit]

 
compassionate; gentle; merciful; kind; humane
paternal aunt
simp. and trad.
(慈姑)
alt. forms 慈菇 “arrowhead”
茨菰 “arrowhead”

Etymology[edit]

Concerning the name of the plant, Compendium of Materia Medica says:

十二慈姑 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
十二慈姑 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
Yī gēn suì shēng shí'èr zǐ, rú cígū zhī rǔ zhū zǐ, gù yǐ míng zhī. [Pinyin]
One [arrowroot] yields twelve fruits, as a kind mother gives birth to many sons, hence it is so called.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

慈姑

  1. (literary) husband's mother; mother-in-law
  2. arrowhead (Sagittaria sagittifolia)

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
慈姑 (kuwai): the arrowhead plant.
Kanji in this term
Grade: S Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. One theory suggests that this is an alteration from (kawa imo, “river tuber”), but the old kana spelling of くわゐ (kuwawi) for 慈姑 does not match the old kana spelling of かはうも (kafaumo) for . This is more likely a compound of (kuwa, plow), from the shape of the leaves, plus an unknown element (wi).

The kanji are ateji, borrowed from the Chinese name for this plant.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

慈姑 (hiragana くわい, katakana クワイ, rōmaji kuwai, historical hiragana くわゐ)

  1. (botany) the arrowhead plant, Sagittaria trifolia var. edulis, cultivated since ancient times for its edible bulb

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as クワイ.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3