Abraham

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English[edit]

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Abraham Sends Hagar and Ishmael Away (Gen. 21:1-14)

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin Ābraham, from Ancient Greek Ἀβραάμ (Abraám), from Hebrew אַבְרָהָם(aḇrāˈhām, Abraham). Glossed as אַב(aḇ, father of) + הֲמוֹן(hăˈmōn, multitude of) in Genesis 17:4–5; or from Hebrew אַבְרָם(aˈḇrām, Abram).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈeɪ.bɹə.hæm/, /ˈɑː.bɹə.hæm/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈeɪ.bɹəˌhæm/, /ˈeɪ.bɹə.həm/
  • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham (plural Abrahams)

  1. (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Baha'i) A prophet in the Old Testament, Qur'an and Aqdas; a Semitic patriarch who preached monotheism, father of the Jewish patriarch Isaac and the Arab patriarch Ishmael. [First attested prior to 1150.][1]
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, Genesis 17:5:
      Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee.
    • 1980, Werner Keller, The Bible as History (tr. by William Neil), chapter 7, page 93:
      As one would expect of caravan people around 1900 B.C., the caravan people depicted in the Khnum-hotpe grave had donkeys, whereas the Bible says that Abraham and his people, who according to the traditional interpretation are supposed to have lived at the same period, already possessed camels.
  2. A male given name. [First attested prior to 1150.][1]
    • 1961, Kurt Vonnegut, Mother Night, Dell (1975), page 28:
      "Lincoln wasn't a Jew, was he?" he said. "I'm sure not," I said. - - - "The name Abraham is very suspicious, to say the least," said Goebbels. "I'm sure his parents didn't realize that it was a Jewish name," I said. "They must have just liked the sound of it. They were simple frontier people. If they'd known the name was Jewish, I'm sure they would have called him something more American, like George or Stanley or Fred."
  3. A patronymic surname​. [First attested prior to 1150.][1]
  4. The 14th sura (chapter) of the Qur'an.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

Abraham (plural Abrahams)

  1. (archaic, British slang, chiefly London) A shop selling cheap and low-quality clothes, especially in the East End of London.[2][3]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], →ISBN), page 7
  2. ^ “Abraham” in Albert Barrère and Charles G[odfrey] Leland, compilers and editors, A Dictionary of Slang, Jargon & Cant, volume I (A–K), Edinburgh: The Ballantyne Press, 1889–1890, page 7.
  3. ^ Farmer, John Stephen (1890) Slang and Its Analogues[1], volume 1, page 9

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham m

  1. A male given name, equivalent to English Abraham
  2. Abraham (Biblical character)

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English Abraham, from Late Latin Ābraham, from Ancient Greek Ἀβραάμ (Abraám), from Hebrew אַבְרָהָם(avrahám, Abraham). Also from Spanish Abraham.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: A‧bra‧ham

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham

  1. A male given name
  2. (biblical) Abraham

Czech[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham m

  1. Abraham (a prophet in the Old Testament)
  2. A male given name, equivalent to English Abraham

Further reading[edit]

  • Abraham in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • Abrahám in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham m

  1. A male given name, equivalent to English Abraham of biblical origin.

Related terms[edit]


Ewe[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham

  1. Abraham (Biblical character)
  2. A male given name, equivalent to English Abraham

Quotations[edit]

  • Eʋe Biblia (Bible Society of Ghana) — Eyata womagayɔ wò bena Abram akpɔ o, ke boŋ Abraham anye wò ŋkɔ. Mose I 17:5

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham m

  1. Abraham (Biblical character)
  2. A male given name, equivalent to English Abraham

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham m (genitive Abrahams)

  1. Abraham (Biblical character)
  2. A male given name, equivalent to English Abraham

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Ābrahām m (indeclinable)
Ābrahām m (genitive Ābrahae); first declension

  1. Abraham (Biblical character)
    • Vulgate Liber Genesis 17:5
      nec ultra vocabitur nomen tuum Abram, sed appellaberis Abraham quia patrem multarum gentium constitui te.

Inflection[edit]

Ābrahām may be indeclinable or declined as a first declension noun.
First declension, nominative/vocative singular in -ām.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Ābrahām Ābrahae
Genitive Ābrahae Ābrahārum
Dative Ābrahae Ābrahīs
Accusative Ābrahām Ābrahās
Ablative Ābrahām
Ābrahā
Ābrahīs
Vocative Ābrahām Ābrahae

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham m pers

  1. Abraham (Biblical figure)
  2. Abraham (rare male given name)

Declension[edit]


Scots[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham

  1. Abraham

Spanish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham m

  1. Abraham (Biblical character)
    • 1602, La Santa Biblia (antigua versión de Casiodoro de Reina), rev., Génesis 17:5:
      Y no se llamará más tu nombre Abram, sino que será tu nombre Abraham, porque te he puesto por padre de muchedumbre de gentes.

Swedish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham c (genitive Abrahams)

  1. A male given name, equivalent to English Abraham
  2. Abraham (Biblical figure)