anh

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Anh, Ánh, and ảnh

Vietnamese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (North Central Vietnam) eng

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *ʔɛːŋ (elder brother).

According to Phan Kế Bính's Việt Nam phong tục (1915), apparently the practice of calling each other anh-em for those in relationship originated from the province of Quảng Nam:

1915, Phan Kế Bính, Việt Nam phong tục [Vietnamese customs]:

Vợ chồng con nhà sang trọng, gọi nhau bằng cậu mợ, thầy thông thầy phán thì gọi nhau bằng thầy , nhà thường thì gọi nhau bằng anh chị. Có con rồi thì gọi nhau bằng thầy em đẻ em, nhà thô tục thì gọi nhau là bố cu mẹ đĩ, có người thì gọi bố nó mẹ nó, có người cả hai vợ chồng gọi lẫn nhau là nhà ta. Ở Quảng-Nam thì vợ gọi chồng là anh, chồng gọi vợ là em. Ở Nghệ Tĩnh vợ chồng gọi là gấy nhông.

Spouses from wealthy families tend to call each other cậu and mợ; those employed by the government prefer thầy and ; while in an average household, they call each other anh and chị. Couples with children call each other thầy em [father of the little one] and đẻ em [mother of the little one], while those from low-born families use bố cu and mẹ đĩ; there are also those who say bố nó and mẹ nó and those who both call each other nhà ta. In Quảng Nam, housewives call their husband anh and the husbands call their wife em. In Nghệ Tĩnh, "husband and wife" is called gấy nhông.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

anh (, )

  1. an elder brother
  2. (humorous) a generic thing
    Rồi xếp "anh" này lên trên "anh" kia.
    Then we're gonna put this "guy" (an object or piece) over here over that little "guy" over there.
    "Anh" u vuông góc với "anh" v thì "anh" u cũng vuông góc với "anh" d.
    If "guy" u (a geometric line) is perpendicular with "guy" v then he's also perpendicular with "guy" d.

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

Pronoun[edit]

anh (, )

  1. I/me, a male who's (presumably) slightly older than you, or still young enough relative to you to be your older brother
    Antonyms: em, chú,
  2. I/me, your boyfriend
    Antonym: em
  3. (endearing) I/me, your husband
  4. you, a male who's (presumably) slightly older than me
    Synonym: bác
    Antonym: em
  5. you, my boyfriend
    Antonym: em
  6. you, my husband
    Antonyms: em, tôi
  7. (formal) you, a young adult man
    Antonym: tôi
  8. (humorous or ironic) you, Mr. or young man
    Antonym: tôi
  9. (education) you, the high schoolboy reading this textbook
    Synonyms: chị, em
    Anh (chị) hãy phân tích đoạn văn sau:
    Analyze the following passage:
  10. (literary) he/him, that young adult man

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]