profane

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: profané

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French prophane, from Latin profānus (not religious, unclean), from pro- (before) + fānum (temple).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /pɹəˈfeɪn/
  • Rhymes: -eɪn
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

profane (comparative profaner or more profane, superlative profanest or most profane)

  1. Unclean; ritually impure; unholy, desecrating a holy place or thing.
    • (Can we date this quote by Sir Walter Raleigh and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      Nothing is profane that serveth to holy things.
  2. Not sacred or holy, unconsecrated; relating to non-religious matters, secular.
    profane authors
  3. Treating sacred things with contempt, disrespect, irreverence, or scorn; blasphemous, impious.
  4. Irreverent in language; taking the name of God in vain
    a profane person, word, oath, or tongue

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun[edit]

profane (plural profanes)

  1. A person or thing that is profane.
    • 1796, Matthew Lewis, The Monk, Folio Society 1985, p. 244:
      The nuns were employed in religious duties established in honour of St Clare, and to which no profane was ever admitted.
  2. (freemasonry) A person not a Mason.

Verb[edit]

profane (third-person singular simple present profanes, present participle profaning, simple past and past participle profaned)

  1. (transitive) To violate (something sacred); to treat with abuse, irreverence, obloquy, or contempt; to desecrate
    One should not profane the name of God.
    to profane the Scriptures
    • 1851, Melville, Herman, “chapter 34”, in Moby Dick:
      With one mind, their intent eyes all fastened upon the old man’s knife, as he carved the chief dish before him. I do not suppose that for the world they would have profaned that moment with the slightest observation, even upon so neutral a topic as the weather.
  2. (transitive) To put to a wrong or unworthy use; to debase; to abuse; to defile.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin profānus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

profane (plural profanes)

  1. secular; lay
    Synonyms: laïque, séculier
    Antonym: sacré
  2. profane

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

profane f pl

  1. Feminine plural of adjective profano.

Noun[edit]

profane f

  1. plural of profana

Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

profāne

  1. vocative masculine singular of profānus

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

profane

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of profanar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of profanar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of profanar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of profanar

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

profane

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of profanar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of profanar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of profanar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of profanar.