sitawi

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Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Arabic اِسْتَوَى (istawā).

Verb[edit]

-sitawi (infinitive kusitawi)

  1. to develop
  2. to flourish, to prosper

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -sitawi
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kusitawi kutositawi
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative sitawi sitawini
Habitual husitawi
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilisitawi
nalisitawi
tulisitawi
twalisitawi
ulisitawi
walisitawi
mlisitawi
mwalisitawi
alisitawi walisitawi ulisitawi ilisitawi lilisitawi yalisitawi kilisitawi vilisitawi ilisitawi zilisitawi ulisitawi kulisitawi palisitawi mulisitawi
Relative niliositawi
naliositawi
tuliositawi
twaliositawi
uliositawi
waliositawi
mliositawi
mwaliositawi
aliositawi waliositawi uliositawi iliositawi liliositawi yaliositawi kiliositawi viliositawi iliositawi ziliositawi uliositawi kuliositawi paliositawi muliositawi
Negative sikusitawi hatukusitawi hukusitawi hamkusitawi hakusitawi hawakusitawi haukusitawi haikusitawi halikusitawi hayakusitawi hakikusitawi havikusitawi haikusitawi hazikusitawi haukusitawi hakukusitawi hapakusitawi hamukusitawi
Present
Positive ninasitawi
nasitawi
tunasitawi unasitawi mnasitawi anasitawi wanasitawi unasitawi inasitawi linasitawi yanasitawi kinasitawi vinasitawi inasitawi zinasitawi unasitawi kunasitawi panasitawi munasitawi
Relative ninaositawi
naositawi
tunaositawi unaositawi mnaositawi anaositawi wanaositawi unaositawi inaositawi linaositawi yanaositawi kinaositawi vinaositawi inaositawi zinaositawi unaositawi kunaositawi panaositawi munaositawi
Negative sisitawi hatusitawi husitawi hamsitawi hasitawi hawasitawi hausitawi haisitawi halisitawi hayasitawi hakisitawi havisitawi haisitawi hazisitawi hausitawi hakusitawi hapasitawi hamusitawi
Future
Positive nitasitawi tutasitawi utasitawi mtasitawi atasitawi watasitawi utasitawi itasitawi litasitawi yatasitawi kitasitawi vitasitawi itasitawi zitasitawi utasitawi kutasitawi patasitawi mutasitawi
Relative nitakaositawi tutakaositawi utakaositawi mtakaositawi atakaositawi watakaositawi utakaositawi itakaositawi litakaositawi yatakaositawi kitakaositawi vitakaositawi itakaositawi zitakaositawi utakaositawi kutakaositawi patakaositawi mutakaositawi
Negative sitasitawi hatutasitawi hutasitawi hamtasitawi hatasitawi hawatasitawi hautasitawi haitasitawi halitasitawi hayatasitawi hakitasitawi havitasitawi haitasitawi hazitasitawi hautasitawi hakutasitawi hapatasitawi hamutasitawi
Subjunctive
Positive nisitawi tusitawi usitawi msitawi asitawi wasitawi usitawi isitawi lisitawi yasitawi kisitawi visitawi isitawi zisitawi usitawi kusitawi pasitawi musitawi
Negative nisisitawi tusisitawi usisitawi msisitawi asisitawi wasisitawi usisitawi isisitawi lisisitawi yasisitawi kisisitawi visisitawi isisitawi zisisitawi usisitawi kusisitawi pasisitawi musisitawi
Present Conditional
Positive ningesitawi tungesitawi ungesitawi mngesitawi angesitawi wangesitawi ungesitawi ingesitawi lingesitawi yangesitawi kingesitawi vingesitawi ingesitawi zingesitawi ungesitawi kungesitawi pangesitawi mungesitawi
Negative nisingesitawi
singesitawi
tusingesitawi
hatungesitawi
usingesitawi
hungesitawi
msingesitawi
hamngesitawi
asingesitawi
hangesitawi
wasingesitawi
hawangesitawi
usingesitawi
haungesitawi
isingesitawi
haingesitawi
lisingesitawi
halingesitawi
yasingesitawi
hayangesitawi
kisingesitawi
hakingesitawi
visingesitawi
havingesitawi
isingesitawi
haingesitawi
zisingesitawi
hazingesitawi
usingesitawi
haungesitawi
kusingesitawi
hakungesitawi
pasingesitawi
hapangesitawi
musingesitawi
hamungesitawi
Past Conditional
Positive ningalisitawi tungalisitawi ungalisitawi mngalisitawi angalisitawi wangalisitawi ungalisitawi ingalisitawi lingalisitawi yangalisitawi kingalisitawi vingalisitawi ingalisitawi zingalisitawi ungalisitawi kungalisitawi pangalisitawi mungalisitawi
Negative nisingalisitawi
singalisitawi
tusingalisitawi
hatungalisitawi
usingalisitawi
hungalisitawi
msingalisitawi
hamngalisitawi
asingalisitawi
hangalisitawi
wasingalisitawi
hawangalisitawi
usingalisitawi
haungalisitawi
isingalisitawi
haingalisitawi
lisingalisitawi
halingalisitawi
yasingalisitawi
hayangalisitawi
kisingalisitawi
hakingalisitawi
visingalisitawi
havingalisitawi
isingalisitawi
haingalisitawi
zisingalisitawi
hazingalisitawi
usingalisitawi
haungalisitawi
kusingalisitawi
hakungalisitawi
pasingalisitawi
hapangalisitawi
musingalisitawi
hamungalisitawi
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelisitawi tungelisitawi ungelisitawi mngelisitawi angelisitawi wangelisitawi ungelisitawi ingelisitawi lingelisitawi yangelisitawi kingelisitawi vingelisitawi ingelisitawi zingelisitawi ungelisitawi kungelisitawi pangelisitawi mungelisitawi
General Relative
Positive nisitawi tusitawi usitawi msitawi asitawi wasitawi usitawi isitawi lisitawi yasitawi kisitawi visitawi isitawi zisitawi usitawi kusitawi pasitawi musitawi
Negative nisiositawi tusiositawi usiositawi msiositawi asiositawi wasiositawi usiositawi isiositawi lisiositawi yasiositawi kisiositawi visiositawi isiositawi zisiositawi usiositawi kusiositawi pasiositawi musiositawi
Gnomic
Positive nasitawi twasitawi wasitawi mwasitawi asitawi wasitawi wasitawi yasitawi lasitawi yasitawi chasitawi vyasitawi yasitawi zasitawi wasitawi kwasitawi pasitawi mwasitawi
Perfect
Positive nimesitawi tumesitawi umesitawi mmesitawi amesitawi wamesitawi umesitawi imesitawi limesitawi yamesitawi kimesitawi vimesitawi imesitawi zimesitawi umesitawi kumesitawi pamesitawi mumesitawi
"Already"
Positive nimeshasitawi tumeshasitawi umeshasitawi mmeshasitawi ameshasitawi wameshasitawi umeshasitawi imeshasitawi limeshasitawi yameshasitawi kimeshasitawi vimeshasitawi imeshasitawi zimeshasitawi umeshasitawi kumeshasitawi pameshasitawi mumeshasitawi
"Not yet"
Negative sijasitawi hatujasitawi hujasitawi hamjasitawi hajasitawi hawajasitawi haujasitawi haijasitawi halijasitawi hayajasitawi hakijasitawi havijasitawi haijasitawi hazijasitawi haujasitawi hakujasitawi hapajasitawi hamujasitawi
"If/When"
Positive nikisitawi tukisitawi ukisitawi mkisitawi akisitawi wakisitawi ukisitawi ikisitawi likisitawi yakisitawi kikisitawi vikisitawi ikisitawi zikisitawi ukisitawi kukisitawi pakisitawi mukisitawi
"If not"
Negative nisipositawi tusipositawi usipositawi msipositawi asipositawi wasipositawi usipositawi isipositawi lisipositawi yasipositawi kisipositawi visipositawi isipositawi zisipositawi usipositawi kusipositawi pasipositawi musipositawi
Consecutive
Positive nikasitawi tukasitawi ukasitawi mkasitawi akasitawi wakasitawi ukasitawi ikasitawi likasitawi yakasitawi kikasitawi vikasitawi ikasitawi zikasitawi ukasitawi kukasitawi pakasitawi mukasitawi
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Synonyms[edit]