矛盾

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

矛盾

  1. contradiction
  2. problem; issue; conflict
  3. (logic) paradox

Adjective[edit]

矛盾

  1. conflicted, vacillating between two options
    他的心里很矛盾.
    Tā de xīnlǐ hěn máodùn.
    He is feeling really conflicted inside.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: S
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 矛盾 (mjuw dwonX), literally (lance, spear) + (shield).

From an anecdote in the book Han Feizi, c. 2nd century BC, illustrating a contradiction[1][2]:

楚人有鬻楯與矛者 譽之曰 吾楯之堅 莫能陷也 又譽其矛曰 吾矛 之利 於物無不陷也 或曰 以子之矛陷子之楯 何如 其人弗能應也.
There was a man in Chu who sold shields and spears. Praising the shields he said: 'My shields are so strong that nothing can pierce them.' And praising the spears he said: 'My spears are so strong that there is nothing that they cannot pierce.' A person asked: 'What if someone pierces your shields with your spears?' He could not respond.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

矛盾 (hiragana むじゅん, romaji mujun)

  1. a contradiction, an inconsistency, a paradox

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

矛盾 + する (hiragana むじゅんする, romaji mujun suru)

  1. to be inconsistent, to be in contradiction, to be incompatible with
     (かれ)今日主張 (きょうしゅちょう)する内容 (ないよう)昨日 (きのう)行動 (こうどう)矛盾 (むじゅん)している。
    Kare ga kyō shuchō suru naiyō wa kinō no kōdō to mujun shite iru.
    What he's going on about today isn't compatible with his behavior yesterday. → What he's saying today doesn't jive with what he did yesterday.

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9