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See also: and

Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (heart)

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 戈人土心 (IOGP) or 戈土心 (IGP), four-corner 00231, composition)

  1. should, ought to, must

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 405, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11330
  • Dae Jaweon: page 746, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2359, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+61C9

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (應), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 蒸
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 於陵切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɨŋ/ /ʔi̯əŋ/ /ʔiəŋ/ /ʔɨŋ/ /ʔiŋ/ /ĭəŋ/ /ʔieŋ/
Character (應), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 蒸
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 於證切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɨŋH/ /ʔi̯əŋH/ /ʔiəŋH/ /ʔɨŋH/ /ʔiŋH/ /ĭəŋH/ /ʔieŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15346 0 /*qɯŋ/
15349 0 /*qɯŋs/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eung) (hangeul , revised eung, McCune-Reischauer ŭng, Yale ung)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ứng, ưng, ừng)

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