dum

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See also: dům

English[edit]

Interjection[edit]

dum

  1. Syllable used when humming a tune.
    • 2012, Graeme Burk, Robert Smith, Who is the Doctor
      I like to hang out with friends and travel the world. But if there's one thing I really love, it's Doctor Who. Dum de dum, dum de dum, dum de dum. Whooo-eee-oooo dum de dum, de dum de dum.

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse dumbr (dumb), and in the main sense stupid from German dumm. Both from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeubʰ-. Compare Swedish and Norwegian dum, Icelandic dumbur, English dumb, Low German dumm, Dutch dom, German dumm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dum (neuter dumt, definite and plural dumme, comparative dummere, superlative dummest)

  1. stupid, dense, thick, dim
  2. foolish, silly, daft

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

dum

  1. for
    Mi estos en Usono dum du jaroj.
    I will be in the USA for two years.
  2. during
  3. while
  4. whereas

Ido[edit]

Preposition[edit]

dum

  1. during

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

dum

  1. while, as
    • c. 29 bc, Publius Vergilius Maro, Georgicon, III.285
      fvgit inreparabile tempvs
      singvla dvm capti circvmvectamvr amore
      Irretrievable time flies away while, in thrall to love, we are carried about from one thing to another.
    • c. ad 2, Publius Ovidius Naso, Ars Amatoria, XI
      dvm loqvor hora fvgit
      While I speak, the hour flees away.
      Dum vīxī tacuī, mortua dulce canō.
      While I lived I was quiet; dead I sweetly sing.
  2. until
  3. as long as
    • Dum erunt homines.
      As long as there are men. (As long as mankind exists.)

Usage notes[edit]

Most often used with the present indicative forms of verbs.


Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

dum

  1. rafsi of du'u.

Norwegian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse dumbr, from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeubʰ-. Compare Danish and Swedish dum, Icelandic dumbur, English dumb, Dutch dom, German dumm.

Adjective[edit]

dum

  1. foolish
  2. stupid

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

dum (plural duns, feminine duma, feminine plural dumas)

  1. Contraction of de um.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse dumbr, from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeubʰ-. Compare Norwegian and Danish dum, Icelandic dumbur, English dumb, Dutch dom, German dumm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dum

  1. stupid, dumb
  2. mean, cruel

Declension[edit]


Uzbek[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic дум
Roman dum
Perso-Arabic ‍‍

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دم (dom)

Noun[edit]

dum (plural dumlar)

  1. tail