白土

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Chinese[edit]

 
white; empty; blank; bright; clear; plain; pure; gratuitous
 
earth; dust; rural; uncouth; uncultured; plebeian
simp. and trad.
(白土)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

白土

  1. (archaic) chalk (the stone)
  2. (archaic) white potter's clay; kaolin; china clay
  3. (archaic) opium
  4. (archaic) Alternative name for 冀州 (Jìzhōu, “Ji Province (one of the Nine Provinces of ancient China)”).

Synonyms[edit]

edit

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
はく
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
kan’on kan’yōon

Possibly from Middle Chinese 白土 (MC bˠæk̚ tʰuoX|duoX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

白土 (hiragana はくど, rōmaji hakudo)

  1. white soil or earth
  2. a weathered white rock, such as rhyolite, used for paints, cement mixtures, etc.
  3. Short for 酸性白土 (sansei hakudo): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

白土 (hiragana はくど, rōmaji Hakudo)

  1. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しら
Grade: 1
つち
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese, first attested in the Hizen-no-kuni Fudoki (c. 739 CE).

Compound of (shira, white) +‎ (tsuchi, earth, soil).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

白土 (hiragana しらつち, rōmaji shiratsuchi)

  1. white soil or earth, such as chalk
  2. kaolin or other clay used for pottery or ceramics
  3. white lacquer
Synonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

白土 (hiragana しらつち, rōmaji Shiratsuchi)

  1. a surname

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
しろ
Grade: 1
つち
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Compound of (shiro, white) +‎ (tsuchi, earth, soil).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

白土 (hiragana しろつち, rōmaji shirotsuchi)

  1. Same as しらつち (shiratsuchi) above

Proper noun[edit]

白土 (hiragana しろつち, rōmaji Shirotsuchi)

  1. a surname

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
しら
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

Compound of (shira, white) +‎ (ni, earth).

Also used in the Man'yōshū (759 CE) as 借訓 (shakkun) kana for ⟨sirani⟩, as in the phrase 知らに (shirani, did not know).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

白土 (hiragana しらに, rōmaji shirani)

  1. white soil used as a pigment

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN