Wiktionary:Requested entries (Middle High German)

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
(Redirected from Wiktionary:RE:gmh)
Jump to: navigation, search

Have an entry request? Add it to the list. - But please:

  • Think twice before adding long lists of words as they may be ignored.
  • If possible provide context, usage, field of relevance, etc.

Please remove entries from this list once they have been written (i.e. the link is “live”, shown in blue, and has a section for the correct language)

There are a few things you can do to help:

  • Add glosses or brief definitions.
  • Add the part of speech, preferably using a standardized template.
  • If you know what a word means, consider creating the entry yourself instead of using this request page.
  • Please indicate the gender(s) .
  • If you see inflected forms (plurals, past tenses, superlatives, etc) indicate the base form (singular, infinitive, absolute, etc) of the requested term and the type of inflection used in the request.
  • Don’t delete words just because you don’t know them — it may be that they are used only in certain contexts or are archaic or obsolete.
  • Don’t simply replace words with what you believe is the correct form. The form here may be rare or regional. Instead add the standard form and comment that the requested form seems to be an error in your experience.

Requested-entry pages for other languages: Category:Requested entries.

a, A[edit]

  • â (as in scâf) = normalised ā
  • aftern, inflected adjective form (Lexer s.v. after only has some examples with this inflected form). The word should be related to after (prep., adv.). Maybe it's similar to NHG hinter (prep.), hinten (adv.), hintere (adj., pos. or comp. - grammarians have different opinions on that), hinterste (adj., sup.), where the adjective is related to a preposition or adverb and just has two and not three degrees.
  • amer, amerinc, ämerinc "bunting (bird)", etymon for Translingual Emberiza, genus of buntings, per Embriza in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

e, E[edit]

  • é = normalised ē /eː/ (long) as opposed to e and ë (both short). Example: gér (= normalised gēr (spear)) in "in der hende truch er einen gér." (Joseph Diemer (editor), Deutsche Gedichte des XI. und XII. Jahrhunderts, 1849, p. 208)
  • = normalised ë /ɛ/ (open) as opposed to e /e/ (closed)? Example: te̊t as in "... also der bose rude te̊t." (Joseph Diemer (editor), Deutsche Gedichte des XI. und XII. Jahrhunderts, 1849, p. 214) - inflected form of tůn/tuͦn or normalised tuon, another form of normalised tët, with e̊ for normalised ë /ɛ/ (open) as oppsed to e /e/ (closed)?

f, F[edit]

  • fuᵛr (or fuvr) as in "si wurfen fuᵛr unde witi" (Joseph Diemer (editor), Deutsche Gedichte des XI. und XII. Jahrhunderts, 1849, p. 210)
  • fvvͦrti as in "unde fvvͦrti sie in egypto allesamt." and fvvͦr as in "mit ȥorn er uf fvvͦr." (Joseph Diemer (editor), Deutsche Gedichte des XI. und XII. Jahrhunderts, 1849, p. 201 & 215) - in the first vvͦ could be normalised üe, and in the second?

h, H[edit]

  • hāken — The etymon intermediate between the Old High German hāko, on the one hand, and the Czech hák and German Haken on the other; as far as I can tell, they all mean “hook”. The page already has Dutch, German, and Swedish entries, hence the blue link.

i, I[edit]

  • -īn - with inflection
    Alternative forms: -inne, -in. E.g. küniginne, küneginne, künigin, künegin, künigīn, kunegīn (from künic, künec = king, NHG König) = queen, NHG Königin.
    (Related question: In earlier NHG some people used -in with plural -inen and not -in or -inn with plural -innen. Could -in with pl. -inen have a long vowel just like MHG -īn instead of being an ungood spelling?)

l, L[edit]

o, O[edit]

r, R[edit]

u, U[edit]

w, W[edit]

  • / = normalised wo
  • wart - southern German form of wort, means 1. word, 2. verb
    Around 1400 in southern German glossing a Latin grammar of Donatus there are: nam (nomen, noun), wart (verbum, verb), zuewart (adverbium, adverb), tailnemung (participium, participle), vorseczung (praepositio, praeposition), unterwerfung (interjectio, interjection). According to www-01.sil.org/iso639-3/documentation.asp?id=gmh and www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-2/php/code_list.php gmh stands for German from ca. 1050-1500. So this would be MHG, even though some linguists think that MHG ended ca. 1350.
    BTW: The Latin text contains oracionis and preposicio (as well as coniunctio) - are these Middle Latin spellings for orationis, praepositio? I'd guess with such spellings the Latin alternative forms section could become much longer similar to e.g. High German (e.g. Konjunktion with at least 4 obsolete forms) and Low German (because of the many different dialects and different ways of spelling). Possible alternative forms for praepositio could have: (a) æ, e or special e characters with an accent or the like instead of ae and (b) either t or c in the ending -tio (NHG and NE -tion, but ME often -cion). -80.133.103.100 21:31, 20 January 2017 (UTC)

z, Z[edit]

  • zesewe, zesewer - inflected adjective forms; nominative is given as (*?)zese or sometimes (*?)zesewe depending on the source